One Health approach to identify research needs in bovine and human babesioses: workshop report
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Adalberto A Perez de Leon, Daniel A Strickman, Donald P Knowles, Durland Fish, Eileen Thacker, Jose de la Fuente, Peter J Krause, Stephen K Wikel, Ryan S Miller, Gale G Wagner, Consuelo Almazan, Robert Hillman, Matthew T Messenger, Paul O Ugstad, Roberta A Duhaime, Pete D Teel, Alfonso Ortega-Santos, David G Hewitt, Edwin J Bowers, Stephen J Bent, Matt H Cochran, Terry F McElwain, Glen A Scoles, Carlos E Suarez, Ronald Davey, Jeanne M Howell Freeman, Kimberly Lohmeyer, Andrew Y Li, Felix D Guerrero, Diane M Kammlah, Pamela Phillips, Joe Pound, Group for Emerging Babesioses and One Health Research and Development in the U.S.
BackgroundBabesia are emerging health threats to humans and animals in the United States. A collaborative effort of multiple disciplines to attain optimal health for people, animals and our environment, otherwise known as the One Health concept, was taken during a research workshop held in April...
Livestock Behavior as Related to Handling Facilities Design
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Temple Grandin
Choice testing utilizing a Y -maze has becfn suckssfully used to 'test animal preferences. In this experiment, 12 female Angus X Hereford X Simmental X Charolaisheifen were given a choice of walking through a squeeze chute .(crush) or being restrained in a squeeze chute. The objective of the...
Establishment and persistence of a good relationship between man and animal by weaning management of Galician Blonde
Reports | Contributor(s): C. Portela, L. Lopez, A. Varela, L. Monserrat, L. Sanchez
Summary of the communication before the III Iberian Congress on Animal Genetic Resources
The Design and Construction of Facilities for Handling Cattle
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Temple Grandin
The cattle handling facilities described in this paper are recommended for use with extensively raised cattle which have a large flight zone and are not completely tame. This paper contains diagrams and designs for corrals, yards, sorting (drafting), handling and loading trucks....
Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.
The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...
A prospective exploration of farm, farmer, and animal characteristics in human-animal relationships: an epidemiological survey
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Boivin, X., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.
Human-animal relationships are essential for dairy farming. They affect work comfort and efficiency, as well as milk production. A poor human-animal relationship can result in stress and accidents to both animals and caretakers and needs to be improved. However, many studies have demonstrated...
Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling - comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.
Cattle handling is a dangerous activity on dairy farms, and cows are a major cause of injuries to livestock handlers. Even if dairy cows are generally tranquil and docile, when situations occur that they perceive or remember as aversive, they may become agitated and hazardous to handle. This...
Investigating the welfare, management and human-animal interactions of cattle in four Indonesian abattoirs
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Doyle, R. E., Coleman, G. J., McGill, D. M., Reed, M., Ramdani, W., Hemsworth, P. H.
This study reports novel information on the animal handling, management and human-animal interactions in Indonesian cattle abattoirs. The slaughter of 304 cattle was observed and there was a high percentage of re-stuns in all abattoirs (range: 8-18.9%) when compared to a variety of international...
Changes in behaviour of dairy cows with clinical mastitis
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sepulveda-Varas, P., Proudfoot, K. L., Weary, D. M., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von
Behaviour is an important tool for recognizing illness in animals. One of the most common diseases in dairy cattle is clinical mastitis. Evidence suggests that cows with this disease show sickness behaviours, but little is known about the progression of behavioural changes before and after the...
Reduced locomotor play behaviour of dairy calves following separation from the mother reflects their response to reduced energy intake
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Rushen, J., Wright, R., Johnsen, J. F., Mejdell, C. M., Passille, A. M. de
Play behaviour is an indicator of good welfare in young calves and is reduced by low energy intake and weaning off milk. There is renewed interest in keeping calves longer with the cow but separation leads to signs of distress, such as vocalizations. Providing calves with an alternative milk...
On-farm qualitative behaviour assessment in sheep: repeated measurements across time, and association with physical indicators of flock health and welfare
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Phythian, C. J., Michalopoulou, E., Cripps, P. J., Duncan, J. S., Wemelsfelder, F.
Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA) is a 'whole-animal' methodology that assesses the expressive qualities of animal behaviour using terms such as 'tense', 'relaxed', 'anxious', and 'content'. The reliability and validity of QBA as an indicator for on-farm welfare assessment in pigs,...
Associations between milk intake and activity in the first days of a calf's life and later growth and health
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Passille, A. M. de, Rabeyrin, M., Rushen, J.
We examined whether calves' milk intake and activity in the days after birth predict later growth and the risk of illness. Female Holstein calves ( n=130) were housed in individual pens where they were allowed ad libitum milk from birth to 5 days of age. Daily milk intakes were recorded and...
The effect of lying motivation on cow behaviour
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Norring, M., Valros, A.
Cows in dairy barns spend time standing while waiting for milking, accessing feed and entering the resting area. It has been suggested that high yielding cows may represent a trade off situation regarding eating and lying particularly in systems where there is a long waiting period before...
Management and design of hospital pens relative to behavior of the compromised dairy cow: a questionnaire survey of Iowa dairy farms
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Fogsgaard, K. K., Herskin, M. S., Gorden, P. J., Timms, L. L., Shearer, J. K., Millman, S. T.
Compromised dairy cows, such as those suffering from illness or injury, are likely to have different behavioral priorities and needs compared to healthy cows. Although hospital pens are typically required in animal welfare standards and assessment programs, there is surprisingly little...
Can automated measures of lying time help assess lameness and leg lesions on tie-stall dairy farms?
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Charlton, G. L., Bouffard, V., Gibbons, J., Vasseur, E., Haley, D. B., Pellerin, D., Rushen, J., Passille, A. M. de
The time that dairy cows spend lying down is an important measure of their comfort and lameness and injuries to hocks and knees are associated with alterations in lying time. We examined whether automated measures of lying time could identify cows and farms with problems of lameness or leg...
Cattle handling pointers: stockmanship and low-stress handling
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Gill, R., Machen, R.
Scarred for life: the other side of the fence debate
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jones, Paul F.
Vitals rates and seasonal movements of two isolated greater sage-grouse populations in Utah's West Desert
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Robinson, Jason D., Messmer, Terry A.
Livestock predation by common leopard in Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary, India: human- wildlife conflicts and conservation issues
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Kala, Chandra Prakash, Kothari, Kishor Kumar
Jaguar and puma attacks on livestock in Costa Rica
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Amit, Ronit, Gordillo-Chavez, Elias Jose, Bone, Raquel