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  1. Human behaviour can trigger large carnivore attacks in developed countries

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Vincenzo Penteriani, Maria del Mar Delgado, Franceso Pinchera, Javier Naves, Alberto Fernandez-Gil, Ilpo Kojola, Sauli Harkonen, Harri Norberg, Jens Frank, Jose Maria Fedriani, Veronica Sahlen, Ole Gunnar Stoen, Jon E. Swenson, Peter Wabakken, Mario Pellegrini, Stephen Herrero, Jose Vincente Lopez-Bao

    The media and scientific literature are increasingly reporting an escalation of large carnivore attacks on humans in North America and Europe. Although rare compared to human fatalities by other wildlife, the media often overplay large carnivore attacks on humans, causing increased fear and...

  2. The Epidemiology and Impact of Dog-Associated Zoonoses in Developed and Developing Countries

    Theses | Contributor(s): Glenda Bingham

    Dogs are an important part of human societies throughout the world. Although people derive many economic and health benefits from their relationships with dogs, these relationships are not without risk. Interaction with dogs can lead to an increased risk for zoonotic diseases, if the appropriate...

  3. On the role of pets in GermanyZur Rolle von Kleintieren in Deutschland

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Schwarz, S.

    This article discusses the number and presence of pets in the German household, especially dogs and cats; essentiality and importance of pets to the well-being of German owners; ability of pets to decrease the risk of heart disease; and function of dogs in rescue, animal assisted therapy and...

  4. Animal-assisted therapy for youth: a systematic methodological critique

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): May, D. K., Seivert, N. P., Cano, A., Casey, R. J., Johnson, A.

    Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) for youth has the potential to benefit both physical and mental health outcomes. Yet little is known about the extent to which study designs in this area are aligned with established standards of intervention research. This critical review assesses current research...

  5. A survey of veterinarians' attitudes toward euthanasia of companion animals in Japan

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sugita, H., Irimajiri, M.

    This study investigated veterinarians' attitudes toward euthanasia of companion animals in Japan. A nationwide survey was conducted with 932 veterinarians in small animal practices. It examined the number of times they administered euthanasia, their moral criteria for choosing euthanasia for...

  6. Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ruckert, J. H.

    This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...

  7. The development of a canine para-agility program: positive affects in children with autism and in therapy dogs

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Pop, D., Rusu, A. S., Miresan, V.

    Previous research has demonstrated that both children and dogs might benefit from Animal-Assisted Activities (AAA), with some factors mediating/moderating the results. The present study took these factors into consideration, by creating an AAA program consisting of two types of human-animal...

  8. Walking the thylacine: records of indigenous companion animals in Australian narrative and photographic history

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Philip, J., Garden, D.

    This report examines the history and significance of indigenous companion animals within traditional Aboriginal society and in early Euro-Australian settlements. Working from historical photographic and anthropological records, the project constructs a visual and written record of these...

  9. The emotional lives of companion animals: attachment and subjective claims by owners of cats and dogs

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Martens, P., Enders-Slegers, M. J., Walker, J. K.

    There is a growing body of scientific evidence supporting the existence of emotions in nonhuman animals. Companion-animal owners show a strong connection and attachment to their animals and readily assign emotions to them. In this paper we present information on how the attachment level of...

  10. The protective association between pet ownership and depression among street-involved youth: a cross-sectional study

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lem, M., Coe, J. B., Haley, D. B., Stone, E., O'Grady, W.

    Street-involved youth represent a particularly vulnerable subsection of the homeless population and are at increased risk of health problems, substance abuse, and depression. Qualitative research has demonstrated that animal companions help homeless youth cope with loneliness, are motivators for...

  11. Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling - comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.

    Cattle handling is a dangerous activity on dairy farms, and cows are a major cause of injuries to livestock handlers. Even if dairy cows are generally tranquil and docile, when situations occur that they perceive or remember as aversive, they may become agitated and hazardous to handle. This...

  12. Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.

    It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...

  13. Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander

    The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...

  14. Changing human-animal relationships in sport: an analysis of the UK and Australian horse racing whips debates

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Graham, R., McManus, P.

    Changing social values and new technologies have contributed to increasing media attention and debate about the acceptable use of animals in sport. This paper focuses on the use of the whip in thoroughbred horse racing. Those who defend its use argue it is a necessary tool needed for safety,...

  15. Animal humanness, animal use, and intention to become ethical vegetarian or ethical vegan

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Diaz, E. M.

    The present study used relational and predictive approaches to build on past literature examining humanlike animal attributes. From the relational approach, it examined how five humanlike attributes ascribed to animals (Attributes Questionnaire) relate to one another and to attitudes toward 21...

  16. How does dog-walking influence perceptions of health and wellbeing in healthy adults? A qualitative dog-walk-along study

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Campbell, K., Smith, C. M., Tumilty, S., Cameron, C., Treharne, G. J.

    The aim of this study was to explore perceptions of health and wellbeing related to dog-walking in healthy adults. Ten self-reported healthy adult dog-walkers took part in one dog-walk-along interview, and nine of the 10 participants also attended one follow-up participatory analysis session....

  17. In the water with white sharks ( Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Apps, K., Dimmock, K., Lloyd, D., Huveneers, C.

    White shark ( Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...

  18. Keeper-animal interactions: differences between the behaviour of zoo animals affect stockmanship

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ward, S. J., Melfi, V.

    Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...

  19. Post-communist canine: a feminist approach to women and dogs in canine performance sports in Poland

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Wlodarczyk, J.

    The article attempts to present the complexity of relationships between women, capitalism, democracy, and competitive dog training in post-communist Poland. The article documents the correlation between increased involvement of women in competitive canine sports in Poland after 1989, changes in...

  20. Cross-sectional study of characteristics of owners and nonowners surrendering cats to four Australian animal shelters

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Zito, S., Morton, J., Paterson, M., Vankan, D., Bennett, P. C., Rand, J., Phillips, C. J. C.

    Unwanted cats surrendered to nonhuman animal shelters are generally categorized as either "owned" or "stray". This classification is misleading because "stray" cats may include many "semiowned" cats, for which people provide care but who are not perceived as being owned. This differentiation is...