Assessing the dog: a theoretical analysis of the companion animal's actions in human-animal interactions
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Vitztum, C., Urbanik, J.
Companion animals are proposed as valuable assets in human-animal interaction (HAI) for human-health interventions. The benefit of a HAI is presumably based on the interaction between the two species. Although the actions and reactions of the human are routinely evaluated, nominal consideration...
Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.
Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...
On the role of pets in GermanyZur Rolle von Kleintieren in Deutschland
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Schwarz, S.
This article discusses the number and presence of pets in the German household, especially dogs and cats; essentiality and importance of pets to the well-being of German owners; ability of pets to decrease the risk of heart disease; and function of dogs in rescue, animal assisted therapy and...
Animal-assisted therapy for youth: a systematic methodological critique
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): May, D. K., Seivert, N. P., Cano, A., Casey, R. J., Johnson, A.
Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) for youth has the potential to benefit both physical and mental health outcomes. Yet little is known about the extent to which study designs in this area are aligned with established standards of intervention research. This critical review assesses current research...
Effects of an insect-mediated mental healthcare program for mentally disordered children
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jun, YoungSoon, Bae, SungMin, Shin, TaeYoung, Lee, SeungHee, Gwak, WonSeok, Ahn, YongOh, Kim, InHui, Lee, SeeNae, Kim, DongJun, Kim, TaeHo, Woo, SooDong
Insects are the most diverse groups of animals on the planet, representing more than one-half of all known living organisms, and are found in nearly every environment. Recently, the importance of insects as food sources or as pets has increased in many countries, including Korea. In addition,...
Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.
The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...
The impact of therapeutic riding for people with disabilities on variables related to mental health
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Schneider, M. S., Harley, L. P.
Substantial anecdotal evidence and some research indicate that therapeutic riding for people with disabilities has a positive impact on mental health. There is similar evidence showing that equine programs that include a psychotherapeutic component also have a positive impact. However, much of...
A survey of veterinarians' attitudes toward euthanasia of companion animals in Japan
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sugita, H., Irimajiri, M.
This study investigated veterinarians' attitudes toward euthanasia of companion animals in Japan. A nationwide survey was conducted with 932 veterinarians in small animal practices. It examined the number of times they administered euthanasia, their moral criteria for choosing euthanasia for...
Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ruckert, J. H.
This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...
The development of a canine para-agility program: positive affects in children with autism and in therapy dogs
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Pop, D., Rusu, A. S., Miresan, V.
Previous research has demonstrated that both children and dogs might benefit from Animal-Assisted Activities (AAA), with some factors mediating/moderating the results. The present study took these factors into consideration, by creating an AAA program consisting of two types of human-animal...
Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers ( Panthera tigris) in central India
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Reddy, C. S., Reuven, Yosef
To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger ( Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...
Exploring the existence and potential underpinnings of dog-human and horse-human attachment bonds
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Payne, E., Dearaugo, J., Bennett, P., McGreevy, P.
This article reviews evidence for the existence of attachment bonds directed toward humans in dog-human and horse-human dyads. It explores each species' alignment with the four features of a typical attachment bond: separation-related distress, safe haven, secure base and proximity seeking....
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
Are domestic pigs ( Sus scrofa domestica) able to use complex human-given cues to find a hidden reward?
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Nawroth, C., Ebersbach, M., Borell, E. von
Understanding human-animal interactions in livestock production systems is crucial for improving animal welfare. It is therefore of general interest to investigate how livestock animals obtain information from humans. By using an object-choice paradigm, we investigated whether domestic pigs (...
The emotional lives of companion animals: attachment and subjective claims by owners of cats and dogs
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Martens, P., Enders-Slegers, M. J., Walker, J. K.
There is a growing body of scientific evidence supporting the existence of emotions in nonhuman animals. Companion-animal owners show a strong connection and attachment to their animals and readily assign emotions to them. In this paper we present information on how the attachment level of...
Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.
This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...
Animal ethics profiling of vegetarians, vegans and meat-eaters
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lund, T. B., McKeegan, D. E. F., Cribbin, C., Sandoe, P.
The aims of this study were to identify the animal ethical profile of vegetarians, vegans, and meat-eaters. Using questionnaire data collected in 2013 ( n=356), we measured propensity to subscribe to five different positions within animal ethics based on a novel measure of animal ethical stance...
The protective association between pet ownership and depression among street-involved youth: a cross-sectional study
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lem, M., Coe, J. B., Haley, D. B., Stone, E., O'Grady, W.
Street-involved youth represent a particularly vulnerable subsection of the homeless population and are at increased risk of health problems, substance abuse, and depression. Qualitative research has demonstrated that animal companions help homeless youth cope with loneliness, are motivators for...
Social dominance and legitimizing myths about animal use
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jackson, L. M., Gibbings, A.
The present study tested the hypothesis that the relation between social dominance orientation and the endorsement of legitimizing myths about the human use of nonhuman animals is moderated by the salience of that use. Eighty-two student participants read an article about agriculture that...
Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.
It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...