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No better than flipping a coin: Reconsidering canine behavior evaluations in animal shelters
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| Contributor(s):: Gary J. Patronek, Janis Bradley
Use of behavior evaluations for shelter dogs has progressed despite their lack of scientific validation as reliable diagnostic tools. Yet results of these evaluations are often used to make life-and-death decisions. Despite acknowledging the significant limitations of evaluations, most authors...
Aggression toward Familiar People, Strangers, and Conspecifics in Gonadectomized and Intact Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Parvene Farhoody, Indika Mallawaarachchi, Patrick M. Tarwater, James A. Serpell, Deborah L. Duffy, Chris Zink
Gonadectomy is widely used to treat and prevent behavior problems including the aggressive behavior of dogs. The aim of this study was to determine whether aggressive behavior toward familiar people, strangers, or other dogs was significantly different in dogs gonadectomized at various ages vs....
The Impact of Excluding Food Guarding from a Standardized Behavioral Canine Assessment in Animal Shelters
| Contributor(s):: Heather Mohan-Gibbons, Emily D Dolan, Pamela Reid, Margaret R Slater, Hugh Mulligan, Emily Weiss
Many shelters euthanize or restrict adoptions for dogs that exhibit food guarding while in the animal shelter. However, previous research showed that only half the dogs exhibiting food guarding during an assessment food guard in the home. So, dogs are often misidentified as future food guarders...
Canine Dominance Aggression Towards People
| Contributor(s):: Cathy Taphorn, Donald D. Draper
A common and potentially serious behavioral problem confronting pet owners and the sn1all animal practitioner is aggression. Of the several types of aggression, dominance aggression is the most common. Over one million people a year are bitten by dogs in the United States alone.
Pit Bulls Today
| Contributor(s):: Hannah Nation
The motivation for this research paper is to shed a new light on the drastic effects negative stereotypes have on breeds that are deemed aggressive in the media and public’s eye. It’s important to understand the full scope of the situation in our society and the consequences that...
Taking it out on the dog: psychological and behavioral correlates of animal abuse proclivity
| Contributor(s):: Parfitt, C., Alleyne, E.
There is a lack of research examining the criminogenic factors related to animal abuse perpetrated by adults, despite the high prevalence of this type of offending. A correlational study examining the factors related to two types of animal abuse proclivity was used. We found that childhood...
Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia
| Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.
It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...
Reproductive Endocrinology and Musth Indicators in a Captive Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)
| Contributor(s):: Duer, C., Tomasi, T., Abramson, C. I.
Assessing dogs using a temperament test - will training affect the outcome? : a test-retest trial as a forensic tool
| Contributor(s):: Sophie Luisa Fechner
Temperament Tests can be a forensic tool as they are often used to clarify legal cases in which dogs were allegedly involved in circumstances of aggression towards humans or other dogs. The test used in this study, the standardized temperament test of Lower Saxony, a battery type test of 36...
The psychotherapeutic worth of horse whispering for the aggressive child
| Contributor(s):: Karin Bronkhorst
This dissertation employs a case study research design and reviews literature from the field of animal assisted therapy (AAT) with an emphasis on equine facilitated psychotherapy (EFP), as a possible therapeutic alternative for treating inappropriate aggressive behaviour in a young boy. The...
Comportamento do cão no acto de consulta médico-veterinária profilática
| Contributor(s):: Inês Machado Guimarães
O comportamento de medo é habitualmente demonstrado pelos cães durante a consulta médico-veterinária. Uma tentativa de defesa, por parte do cão, pode tornar uma consulta de rotina numa tarefa complicada, pelo que é fundamental prevenir a...
Fatores relacionados a distúrbios de comportamento em gatos
| Contributor(s):: Juliane Elisabeth Gress Paz
Os distúrbios de comportamento apresentam importância não só no bem estar animal e na qualidade da relação humana-animal como também na questão da saúde publica. Sabe-se que os problemas de comportamento são uma das principais...
Violencia em contexto psiquiátrico: avaliação da eficácia de um programa com actividades assistidas por animais.
| Contributor(s):: Maria Isabel Dias Marques
A violência em contexto psiquiátrico é um fenómeno que prevalece naturalmente como resultado da circunstância psico-emocional dos doentes, das dificuldades comunicacionais e dos condicionalismos das organizações e estruturas. Na...
Improving the welfare of a zoo-housed male drill (Mandrillus leucophaeus poensis) aggressive towards visitors
| Contributor(s):: O. Martín, Dolors Vinyoles Cartanyà, E. García-Galea, C. Maté
Improving captive animal welfare and maintaining its behavioral competence for future conservation purposes is of highest priority for zoos. The behavior of an aggressive male drill (Mandrillus leucophaeus poensis) was assessed in Barcelona zoo. The two-year study presented in this article...
An epidemiological analysis of dog behavior problems presented to an Australian behavior clinic, with associated risk factors
| Contributor(s):: Ramazan Col, Cam Day, Clive J. C. Phillips
Records of dogs presented to a behavior clinic servicing the eastern seaboard of Australia in and around Brisbane and the Gold Coast were analyzed for principal behavior problems and the related factors, from information recorded at the time that the owner approached the clinic for assistance....
Jun 24 2017
2017 UK Dog Bite Prevention & Behaviour Conference
Bites dog people: general characteristics
| Contributor(s):: Marat T. Makenov, Olga A. Mihaylova
The analysis of appeals for medical help concerned with dog bites made by dwellers of the Omsk City in 2006-2010 has been performed, using the materials of the "Omsk Regional Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology". In total, 11 849 cases of human biting by dogs were registered in this...
Relationship Between Scarring and Dog Aggression in Pit Bull-Type Dogs Involved in Organized Dogfighting
| Contributor(s):: Katherine A. Miller, Rachel Touroo, C. Victor Spain, Kelly Jones, Pamela Reid, Randall Lockwood
When pit bull-type dogs are seized in an investigation of organized dogfighting, heavily scarred dogs are often assumed to be highly dog aggressive due to a history of fighting. These dogs may be deemed dangerous and euthanized based on scarring alone. We analyzed our existing data on dogs...
Orca Behavior and Subsequent Aggression Associated with Oceanarium Confinement
| Contributor(s):: Robert Anderson, Robyn Waayers, Andrew Knight
Based on neuroanatomical indices such as brain size and encephalization quotient, orcas are among the most intelligent animals on Earth. They display a range of complex behaviors indicative of social intelligence, but these are difficult to study in the open ocean where protective laws may...