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Dogs recognize dog and human emotions
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Contributor(s):: Albuquerque, N., Guo, Kun, Wilkinson, A., Savalli, C., Otta, E., Mills, D.
The perception of emotional expressions allows animals to evaluate the social intentions and motivations of each other. This usually takes place within species; however, in the case of domestic dogs, it might be advantageous to recognize the emotions of humans as well as other dogs. In this...
Fatores relacionados a distúrbios de comportamento em gatos
Contributor(s):: Juliane Elisabeth Gress Paz
Os distúrbios de comportamento apresentam importância não só no bem estar animal e na qualidade da relação humana-animal como também na questão da saúde publica. Sabe-se que os problemas de comportamento são uma das principais...
Bites dog people: general characteristics
Contributor(s):: Marat T. Makenov, Olga A. Mihaylova
The analysis of appeals for medical help concerned with dog bites made by dwellers of the Omsk City in 2006-2010 has been performed, using the materials of the "Omsk Regional Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology". In total, 11 849 cases of human biting by dogs were registered in this...
Relationship Between Scarring and Dog Aggression in Pit Bull-Type Dogs Involved in Organized Dogfighting
Contributor(s):: Katherine A. Miller, Rachel Touroo, C. Victor Spain, Kelly Jones, Pamela Reid, Randall Lockwood
When pit bull-type dogs are seized in an investigation of organized dogfighting, heavily scarred dogs are often assumed to be highly dog aggressive due to a history of fighting. These dogs may be deemed dangerous and euthanized based on scarring alone. We analyzed our existing data on dogs...
Orca Behavior and Subsequent Aggression Associated with Oceanarium Confinement
Contributor(s):: Robert Anderson, Robyn Waayers, Andrew Knight
Based on neuroanatomical indices such as brain size and encephalization quotient, orcas are among the most intelligent animals on Earth. They display a range of complex behaviors indicative of social intelligence, but these are difficult to study in the open ocean where protective laws may...
Reproductive endocrinology and musth indicators in a captive Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Contributor(s):: Duer, Connie, Tomasi, Tom, Abramson, Charles I.
The effects of animal assisted therapy on tantrums and aggressive behaviors of children with autism
Contributor(s):: Jesionowicz, Rebecca L.
This study investigated the influence of Animal Assisted Therapy on three elementary school boys' with Autism Spectrum Disorder emotional regulation. The children participated in 12 Animal Assisted Therapy sessions using the Mutt-i-grees Curriculum with a therapy dog over the course of 6-8...
Relationship between behavioural tests and agonistic interactions at different age levels in pigs
Contributor(s):: Scheffler, K., Stamer, E., Traulsen, I., Krieter, J.
Fighting among pigs is a normal behavioural pattern to establish a stable rank order. Enhanced aggressive behaviour in pigs in groups lead to increasing stress and injuries especially in mixing situations used as a common procedure in modern pig production systems. In such systems, it is usually...
Effects of feeding management and group composition on agonistic behaviour of group-housed horses
Contributor(s):: Burla, J. B., Ostertag, A., Patt, A., Bachmann, I., Hillmann, E.
Under natural conditions, horses spend 12-18 h of a day with synchronous grazing, but for stabled horses, the amount of forage and thus duration of feed intake usually are restricted. In group-housed horses, therefore, feeding times are often situations with increased levels of agonistic...
Factors governing risk of cougar attacks on humans
Contributor(s):: Mattson, D., Logan, K., Sweanor, L.
Dos and don'ts of canine interaction: importance of responsible ownership
Contributor(s):: Green, E.
Childhood cruelty toward animals among criminals and noncriminals
Contributor(s):: Kellert, Stephen R, Felthous, Alan R
The slaughterhouse, social disorganization, and violent crime in rural communities
Contributor(s):: Jacques, J. R.
Scholars in nonhuman animal studies and criminology have argued that more attention should be paid to the violence sanctioned by society, that of animal slaughter for industrial food production. Slaughterhouses and the communities surrounding these facilities present ideal sites for...
Behaviour of pre-pubertal gilts and its relationship to farrowing behaviour in conventional farrowing crates and loose-housed pens
Contributor(s):: Ison, S. H., Wood, C. M., Baxter, E. M.
Individual variation in the reproductive performance of sows has the potential for greater negative impacts in loose-farrowing systems. Therefore, the ability to select gilts that will perform well would be a major advantage. This study investigated the behaviour of gilts during pre-pubertal...
Childhood experiences with family pets and internalizing symptoms in early adulthood
Contributor(s):: Girardi, A., Pozzulo, J. D.
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether childhood experiences with family pets are associated with symptoms of depression and anxiety in early adulthood. Undergraduate students ( n=318) responded to an online survey that included questions about bonding with childhood pets, exposure...
Mandated reporting of suspected animal harm by Australian veterinarians: community attitudes
Contributor(s):: Acutt, D., Signal, T., Taylor, N.
Research demonstrates that animal abuse is linked with various forms of interpersonal violence and that veterinarians themselves are concerned about this link. However, Australian veterinarians are not currently mandated to report cases of suspected animal abuse (AA), a position outlined by the...
Measurement of prosocial and antisocial behavior among youth equestrian competitors
Contributor(s):: Waite, Karen L.
"Before, he fought every day with the horse and with me": reducing violence in a Guatemalan community through a horse-handling program
Contributor(s):: Gibbons, J. L., Cunningham, C. A., Paiz, L., Poelker, K. E., Cardenas, M. A. M.
Community and family violence are endemic in Guatemala. We evaluated the effectiveness of a horse-handling program to reduce violent attitudes and aggressive behavior. Eighteen community members who worked with horses in their daily lives (16 men, 2 women, ages 15 to 58) participated in four...
Considering companion animals an examination of companion animal policies in California domestic violence shelters
Contributor(s):: Komorosky, D., Woods, D. R., Empie, K.
A growing body of literature has shown the link between domestic violence and animal cruelty, resulting in a shift in the way family violence and those who are victims of abuse are considered. There are approximately 700 shelters across the nation protecting women and their children from...
His bark is worse than his bite: perceptions and rationalization of canine aggressive behavior
Contributor(s):: Orritt, R., Gross, H., Hogue, T.
Qualitative methods are increasingly used to investigate the complexities of the dog-human relationship. In order to inform a larger study of human dog interaction, a focus group study was carried out to address the question 'How is aggressive behavior in dogs perceived and rationalized by...