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  1. Measuring dog-owner relationships: crossing boundaries between animal behaviour and human psychology

    Contributor(s):: Rehn, T., Keeling, L. J.

    Previous research suggests that dogs (Canis familiaris) form attachment bonds to their owners and that the strengths of the attachment can vary. However, it does not seem reasonable to believe that all dogs share the same attachment style, considering their differences in genetic background,...

  2. Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans

    Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.

    Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...

  3. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  4. The Coleman Dog Attitude Scale (C-DAS): development, refinement, validation, and reliability

    Contributor(s):: Coleman, J. A., Green, B., Garthe, R. C., Worthington, E. L., Jr., Barker, S. B., Ingram, K. M.

    Human-animal interactions have been studied for many years. As the human-animal interaction field continues to grow, the need for measures that adequately assess fundamental human-animal domains (e.g., relationships, interactions, attachments, bonds) also increases. Specifically, attitudes toward...

  5. Validity and feasibility of human-animal relationship tests for on-farm welfare assessment in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Battini, M., Barbieri, S., Waiblinger, S., Mattiello, S.

    This study aims at establishing suitable tests to measure the quality of the Human-Animal Relationship (HAR) in dairy goats for on-farm welfare assessment protocols by evaluating the predictive validity of different categories of HAR tests and their feasibility in on-farm condition. Twelve...

  6. Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat

    Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.

    Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...

  7. Characterizing the data in online companion-dog obituaries to assess their usefulness as a source of information about human-animal bonds

    Contributor(s):: MacKay, J. R. D., Moore, J., Huntingford, F.

    Online pet obituary sites host hundreds of obituaries regarding the passing of companion animals. Often composed by the owner or primary caretaker of the animal, they are a potential source of data about human-animal bonds where there were strong positive human emotions surrounding the animal at...

  8. Social dominance and legitimizing myths about animal use

    Contributor(s):: Jackson, L. M., Gibbings, A.

    The present study tested the hypothesis that the relation between social dominance orientation and the endorsement of legitimizing myths about the human use of nonhuman animals is moderated by the salience of that use. Eighty-two student participants read an article about agriculture that focused...

  9. Children's beliefs about animal minds (Child-BAM): associations with positive and negative child-animal interactions

    Contributor(s):: Hawkins, R. D., Williams, J. M.

    Children and animals can have a great impact on each other's lives, yet little is known about the underpinnings of these relationships. Children's interactions with animals may be influenced by their belief in animal minds, that animals are sentient and experience thoughts and feelings. This...

  10. Behavioral and self-report measures influencing children's reported attachment to their dog

    Contributor(s):: Hall, N. J., Liu, JingWen, Kertes, D., Wynne, C. D. L.

    Despite the prevalence of dogs as family pets and increased scientific interest in canine behavior, few studies have investigated characteristics of the child or dog that influence the child-dog relationship. In the present study, we explored how behavioral and some self-report measures influence...

  11. A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams

    Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.

    This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students (n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....

  12. Changing human-animal relationships in sport: an analysis of the UK and Australian horse racing whips debates

    Contributor(s):: Graham, R., McManus, P.

    Changing social values and new technologies have contributed to increasing media attention and debate about the acceptable use of animals in sport. This paper focuses on the use of the whip in thoroughbred horse racing. Those who defend its use argue it is a necessary tool needed for safety,...

  13. 'Goats that stare at men' - revisited: do dwarf goats alter their behaviour in response to eye visibility and head direction of a human?

    Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Borell, E. von, Langbein, J.

    Being able to recognise when one is being observed by someone else is thought to be adaptive during cooperative or competitive events. In particular for prey species, this ability should be of use in the context of predation. A previous study reported that goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) alter...

  14. Evidence of heterospecific referential communication from domestic horses (Equus caballus) to humans

    Contributor(s):: Malavasi, R., Huber, L.

    Referential communication occurs when a sender elaborates its gestures to direct the attention of a recipient to its role in pursuit of the desired goal, e.g. by pointing or showing an object, thereby informing the recipient what it wants. If the gesture is successful, the sender and the...

  15. Examining dog-human play: the characteristics, affect, and vocalizations of a unique interspecific interaction

    Contributor(s):: Horowitz, A., Hecht, J.

    Despite the growing interest in research on the interaction between humans and dogs, only a very few research projects focus on the routines between dogs and their owners. In this study, we investigated one such routine: dog-human play. Dyadic interspecific play is known to be a common...

  16. Man's other best friend: domestic cats (F. silvestris catus) and their discrimination of human emotion cues

    Contributor(s):: Galvan, M., Vonk, J.

    The ability of domestic dogs (C. lupus famaliaris) to follow and attend to human emotion expressions is well documented. It is unknown whether domestic cats (F. silvestris catus) possess similar abilities. Because cats belong to the same order (Carnivora), but did not evolve to live in complex...

  17. Does affective information influence domestic dogs' (Canis lupus familiaris) point-following behavior?

    Contributor(s):: Flom, R., Gartman, P.

    Several studies have examined dogs' (Canis lupus familiaris) comprehension and use of human communicative cues. Relatively few studies have, however, examined the effects of human affective behavior (i.e., facial and vocal expressions) on dogs' exploratory and point-following behavior. In two...

  18. Ontogenetic effects on gazing behaviour: a case study of kennel dogs (Labrador Retrievers) in the impossible task paradigm

    Contributor(s):: D'Aniello, B., Scandurra, A.

    Life experiences and living conditions can influence the problem-solving strategies and the communicative abilities of dogs with humans. The goals of this study were to determine any behavioural differences between Labrador Retrievers living in a kennel and those living in a house as pets and to...

  19. Does group size have an impact on welfare indicators in fattening pigs?

    Contributor(s):: Meyer-Hamme, S. E. K., Lambertz, C., Gauly, M.

    Production systems for fattening pigs have been characterized over the last 2 decades by rising farm sizes coupled with increasing group sizes. These developments resulted in a serious public discussion regarding animal welfare and health in these intensive production systems. Even though large...

  20. Prevention of undesirable behaviors in cats