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  1. A Dubious Grail: Seeking Tort Law Expansion and Limited Personhood as Stepping Stones toward Abolishing Animals' Property Status

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Richard L Cupp Jr.

    Some grails are sought one piece at a time. The holy grail for many animal rights activists is abolishing animals' property status. This is an ambition befitting mythical grail status in its level of difficulty given current societal mores and values. It is too inconsistent with our...

  2. Aggression toward Familiar People, Strangers, and Conspecifics in Gonadectomized and Intact Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Parvene Farhoody, Indika Mallawaarachchi, Patrick M. Tarwater, James A. Serpell, Deborah L. Duffy, Chris Zink

    Gonadectomy is widely used to treat and prevent behavior problems including the aggressive behavior of dogs. The aim of this study was to determine whether aggressive behavior toward familiar people, strangers, or other dogs was significantly different in dogs gonadectomized at various ages vs....

  3. The Mental Homologies of Mammals. Towards an Understanding of Another Mammals World View

    | Contributor(s):: Marthe Kiley-Worthington

    Mammals’ mental homologies include that they look after their young, suckle and protect them; they acquire information about the world by learning. They have five types of sensory receptors and a brain to analyze the information and they feel: that is they are sentient. Mental homologies...

  4. Review of Interspecies Ethics

    | Contributor(s):: Thomas E. Randall

    This paper provides a review of Cynthia Willett's book Interspecies Ethics. Willett aims to outline the beginnings of biosocial eros ethics – an ethical outline that sketches the potentiality of a cross-species cosmopolitan ideal of compassion (agape), derived...

  5. Review of Beating Hearts: Abortion and Animal Rights

    | Contributor(s):: Mylan Engel Jr.

    In their recent book, Sherry Colb and Michael Dorf defend the following ethical theses: (1) sentience is sufficient for possessing the right not to be harmed and the right not to be killed; (2) killing sentient animals for food is almost always seriously wrong; (3) aborting pre-sentient fetuses...

  6. How to Become a Post-Dog. Animals in Transhumanism

    | Contributor(s):: Michael Hauskeller

    This paper analyses and deconstructs the transhumanist commitment to animal rights and the well-being of all sentient beings. Some transhumanists have argued that such a commitment entails a moral imperative to help non-human animals overcome their biological limitations by enhancing their...

  7. Welfare Status of Working Horses and Owners′ Perceptions of Their Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Daniela Luna, Rodrigo A. Vasquez, Manuel Rojas, Tamara A. Tadich

    Appropriate strategies aimed at improving the welfare of working horses should contemplate the assessment of welfare status, as well as the evaluation of the human–animal relationship within each geo-cultural context. We assessed and compared the welfare status of working horses in two...

  8. Ranging Behaviour of Commercial Free-Range Broiler Chickens 2: Individual Variation

    | Contributor(s):: Peta S Taylor, Paul H Hemsworth, Peter J Groves, Sabine G Gebhardt-Henrich, Jean-Loup Rault

    Little is known about broiler chicken ranging behaviour. Previous studies have monitored ranging behaviour at flock level but whether individual ranging behaviour varies within a flock is unknown. Using Radio Frequency Identification technology, we tracked 1200 individual ROSS 308 broiler...

  9. Ranging Behaviour of Commercial Free-Range Broiler Chickens 1: Factors Related to Flock Variability

    | Contributor(s):: Peta S Taylor, Paul H Hemsworth, Peter J Groves, Sabine G Gebhardt-Henrich, Jean-Loup Rault

    Little is known about the ranging behaviour of chickens. Understanding ranging behaviour is required to improve management and shed and range design to ensure optimal ranging opportunities. Using Radio Frequency Identification technology, we tracked 300 individual broiler chickens in each of four...

  10. Dog growls express various contextual and affective content for human listeners

    | Contributor(s):: T Faragó, N Takács, A Miklósi, P Pongrácz

    Vocal expressions of emotions follow simple rules to encode the inner state of the caller into acoustic parameters, not just within species, but also in cross-species communication. Humans use these structural rules to attribute emotions to dog vocalizations, especially to barks, which match with...

  11. A Cow's Eye View? Cattle Empathy and Ethics in Screen Representations of Temple Grandin

    | Contributor(s):: Claire Henry

    Temple Grandin has been a captivating figure for both animal and disability studies, and for filmmakers. Known for designing more humane livestock handling processes in the US cattle industry, and for her books and public speaking on autism, Grandin’s celebrity then became popularly...

  12. Nonhuman Animals: Not Necessarily Saints or Sinners

    | Contributor(s):: Abbate, Cheryl

  13. On Responsible Knowledge Making and the Moral Standing of Animals: Questioning What Matters and Why about Animal Minds

    | Contributor(s):: McLean, L.

  14. Navigating the human-animal boundary

    | Contributor(s):: Russell, Nerissa

  15. Canine Sense and Sensibility: Tipping Points and Response Latency Variability as an Optimism Index in a Canine Judgement Bias Assessment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nicholas Branson, Denis Cody, Timothy R. Starling, Paul D. McGreevy, Melissa J. Starling

    Recent advances in animal welfare science used judgement bias, a type of cognitive bias, as a means to objectively measure an animal's affective state. It is postulated that animals showing heightened expectation of positive outcomes may be categorised optimistic, while those showing...

  16. Animal Consciousness from Antiquity to the Nineteenth Century

    | Contributor(s):: Edgecombe, Rodney Stenning

  17. Do Animals Have an Interest in Liberty?

    | Contributor(s):: Cochrane, Alasdair

  18. Consciousness in animals and people with autism

    | Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin

    Some scientists and philosophers believe that animals are not conscious and do not lead internal mental lives. They think animals are like robots which just respond to changes in the environment in mechanical ways. Others believe that animals have a form of "animal consciousness" which...

  19. Close human presence reduces avoidance behaviour in commercial caged laying hens to an approaching human

    | Contributor(s):: Edwards, L. E., Coleman, G. J., Hemsworth, P. H.

    The quality of human contact that hens are exposed to will determine the degree of fear of humans that they experience. This has consequences for the welfare of commercial laying hens, as hens that are afraid of humans will be regularly exposed to a fear-provoking stressor. Hens can be habituated...

  20. Public attitudes towards grief in animals

    | Contributor(s):: McGrath, N., Walker, J., Nilsson, D., Phillips, C.

    Animals under human management are often separated from conspecifics, which may lead to behaviour indicative of separation distress or grief. For the purposes of this paper, grief is considered as a biological response to separation, indicated by a bi-phasic ‘protest-despair’...