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Tags: Animal health and hygiene

All Categories (1-20 of 1054)

  1. Academic Institutions and One Health: Building Capacity for Transdisciplinary Research Approaches to Address Complex Health Issues at the Animal–Human–Ecosystem Interface

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lisa K. Allen-Scott, Bonnie Buntain, Jennifer M. Hatfield, Andrea Meisser, Chris Thomas

    To improve health at the human, animal, and ecosystem interface, defined as One Health, training of researchers must transcend individual disciplines to develop a new process of collaboration. The transdisciplinary research approach integrates frameworks and methodologies beyond academic...

  2. Effects of Edible Treats Containing Ascophyllum nodosum on the Oral Health of Dogs: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Single-Center Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jerzy Gawor, Michał Jank, Katarzyna Jodkowska, Emilia Klim, Ulla K. Svensson

    The objective of this placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized study (designed according to evidence based medicine standards) was to determine the effect of 90-day administration of edible treats containing the brown algae, Ascophyllum nodosum, on plaque and dental calculus...

  3. Guidelines for Inspection of Companion and Commercial Animal Establishments

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Clifford Warwick, Mike Jessop, Phillip Arena, Anthony Pilny, Catrina Steedman

    Various establishments exist in which animals are held for a variety of reasons. Historically, the management and inspection of animals in commerce and in private keeping have involved a considerable degree of arbitrary evaluation based on the personal experience of the vendor, keeper, advisor,...

  4. Clinical Presentation, Causes, Treatment, and Outcome of Lip Avulsion Injuries in Dogs and Cats: 24 Cases (2001–2017)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kelly M. Saverino, Alexander M. Reiter

    Lip avulsions are a common result of orofacial trauma in dogs and cats. Vehicular trauma and bite wounds are common causes. Surgical therapy is highly successful with early decontamination and tension-free closure. This retrospective case series assessed the signalment, causes, lesion location,...

  5. Tail Docking of Canine Puppies: Reassessment of the Tail's Role in Communication, the Acute Pain Caused by Docking and Interpretation of Behavioural Responses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: David J Mellor

    Laws, regulations and professional standards increasingly aim to ban or restrict non-therapeutic tail docking in canine puppies. These constraints have usually been justified by reference to loss of tail participation in communication between dogs, the acute pain presumed to be caused during...

  6. Does Flooring Substrate Impact Kennel and Dog Cleanliness in Commercial Breeding Facilities?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Judith Stella, Moriah Hurt, Amy Bauer, Paulo Gomes, Audrey Ruple, Alan Beck, Candace Croney

    Evaluation of kennel flooring surfaces is needed to understand their impacts on dog health and well-being. This pilot study aimed to characterize aspects of physical health, kennel cleanliness, and dog body cleanliness on flooring types common in US breeding kennels. Subjects were 118 adult...

  7. Aggression toward Familiar People, Strangers, and Conspecifics in Gonadectomized and Intact Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Parvene Farhoody, Indika Mallawaarachchi, Patrick M. Tarwater, James A. Serpell, Deborah L. Duffy, Chris Zink

    Gonadectomy is widely used to treat and prevent behavior problems including the aggressive behavior of dogs. The aim of this study was to determine whether aggressive behavior toward familiar people, strangers, or other dogs was significantly different in dogs gonadectomized at various ages vs....

  8. Perceptions of Risk Factors and Mitigating Strategies for Water Related Zoonotic Diseases on Small-Scale Integrated Farms in Vietnam

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Quynh Ba Le, David Clement Hall, Susan Catherine Cork

    Small-scale integrated (SSI) farming is a common agricultural model in Vietnam. However, SSI farmers use contaminated water, have no access to hygienic latrines, and have very limited awareness about water quality or environmental sanitation. There are potential interactions in the context of...

  9. FIREPAW Inc.

    The Foundation for Interdisciplinary Research and Education Promoting Animal Welfare is a 501(c)(3) charitable nonprofit organization dedicated to scientific research and public education of animal welfare issues.The Foundation for Interdisciplinary Research and Education [FIREPAW, Inc.] is...

  10. Attitudes of Veterinary Teaching Staff and Exposure of Veterinary Students to Early-Age Desexing, with Review of Current Early-Age Desexing Literature

    | Contributor(s):: Alannah Jupe, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Sophie Fleming

    Approximately 50% of cats admitted to Australian shelters are kittens, and 26% of dogs are puppies, and, particularly for cats, euthanasia rates are often high. Cats can be pregnant by 4 months of age, yet the traditional desexing age is 5–6 months, and studies in Australasia and Nth...

  11. Evaluating the physical welfare of dogs in commercial breeding facilities in the United States

    | Contributor(s):: Moriah J. Hurt, Candace Croney (adviser)

    Despite high levels of public concern, the state of commercial breeding (CB) dog welfare is largely unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to characterize the physical welfare of dogs in CB facilities and their environment in Indiana. This study specifically aimed 1) to characterize dog foot...

  12. Marketing Animal-Friendly Products: Addressing the Consumer Social Dilemma with Reinforcement Positioning Strategies

    | Contributor(s):: Lenka van Riemsdijk, Paul T.M. Ingenbleek, Hans C.M. van Trijp, Gerrita van deer Veen

    This article presents a conceptual framework that aims to encourage consumer animal-friendly product choice by introducing positioning strategies for animal-friendly products. These strategies reinforce the animal welfare with different types of consumption values and can therefore reduce...

  13. To Group or Not to Group? Good Practice for Housing Male Laboratory Mice

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah Kappel, Penny Hawkins, Michael T. Mendl

    It is widely recommended to group-house male laboratory mice because they are ‘social animals’, but male mice do not naturally share territories and aggression can be a serious welfare problem. Even without aggression, not all animals within a group will be in a state of positive...

  14. Assessment of Plumage and Integument Condition in Dual-Purpose Breeds and Conventional Layers

    | Contributor(s):: Mona Franziska Giersberg, Birgit Spindler

    The assessment of plumage and integument condition in laying hens provides useful information about the occurrence of feather pecking and cannibalism. Although feather loss and skin injuries can result from mechanical abrasion or clinical diseases, they are valid animal-based indicators for...

  15. Selection of Meat Inspection Data for an Animal Welfare Index in Cattle and Pigs in Denmark

    | Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Soren Saxmose Nielson, Matthew James Denwood, Bjorn Forkman, Hans Houe

    Despite being important to the general public, the monitoring of animal welfare is not systematic. The Danish political parties agreed in 2012 to establish national animal welfare indices for cattle and pigs, and here we assess the potential for using data from the systematic meat inspection to...

  16. Brazilian Citizens: Expectations Regarding Dairy Cattle Welfare and Awareness of Contentious Practices

    | Contributor(s):: Clarissa S. Cardoso, Marina A.G. von Keyserlingk, Marie Jose Hotzel

    The primary aim of this study was to explore attitudes of urban Brazilian citizens about dairy production. A secondary aim was to determine their knowledge and attitudes about four potentially contentious routine dairy cattle management practices: early cow-calf separation; zero-grazing; culling...

  17. An Examination of an Iconic Trap-Neuter-Return Program: The Newburyport, Massachusetts Case Study

    | Contributor(s):: David D. Spehar, Peter J. Wolf

    Local communities in the United States are commonly responsible for selecting the most appropriate method of managing free-roaming cats. Lethal management has been widely utilized for generations, but the use of trap–neuter–return (TNR) has grown in recent decades. Despite expanded...

  18. Objective Measures for the Assessment of Post-Operative Pain in Bos indicus Bull Calves Following Castration

    | Contributor(s):: Gabrielle C. Musk, Stine Jacobsen, Timothy H. Hyndman, Heidi S. Lehmann, S. Jonathon Tuke, Teresa Collins, Karina B. Gleerup, Craig B. Johnson, Michael Laurence

    Surgical castration of cattle is a common husbandry procedure, and although this procedure is known to cause pain in cattle and other species, in some countries it is often performed without anaesthesia or analgesia. Society is increasingly aware of this animal welfare issue and it is creating...

  19. Brazilian Citizens' Opinions and Attitudes about Farm Animal Production Systems

    | Contributor(s):: Maria C. Yunes, Marina A. G. von Keyserlingk, Maria J. Hotzel

    The inclusion of societal input is needed for food animal production industries to retain their “social license to operate”. Little is known about the knowledge and attitudes of Brazilian citizens regarding food animal production systems. The aim of this study was to explore the...

  20. Penile Injuries in Immunocastrated and Entire Male Pigs of One Fattening Farm

    | Contributor(s):: Simon Reiter, Susanne Zols, Mathias Ritzmann, Volker Stefanski, Ulrike Weiler

    Penile injuries in boars have been discussed as a relevant welfare problem in pork production with entire males (EM). The incidence of penile injuries with immunocastrated boars has not been described so far. Thus, it was the aim of this study to systematically compare frequency and severity of...