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Tags: Animal health and hygiene

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  1. FIREPAW Inc.

    The Foundation for Interdisciplinary Research and Education Promoting Animal Welfare is a 501(c)(3) charitable nonprofit organization dedicated to scientific research and public education of animal welfare issues.The Foundation for Interdisciplinary Research and Education [FIREPAW, Inc.] is...

  2. Attitudes of Veterinary Teaching Staff and Exposure of Veterinary Students to Early-Age Desexing, with Review of Current Early-Age Desexing Literature

    Contributor(s):: Alannah Jupe, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Sophie Fleming

    Approximately 50% of cats admitted to Australian shelters are kittens, and 26% of dogs are puppies, and, particularly for cats, euthanasia rates are often high. Cats can be pregnant by 4 months of age, yet the traditional desexing age is 5–6 months, and studies in Australasia and Nth...

  3. Evaluating the physical welfare of dogs in commercial breeding facilities in the United States

    Contributor(s):: Moriah J. Hurt, Candace Croney (adviser)

    Despite high levels of public concern, the state of commercial breeding (CB) dog welfare is largely unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to characterize the physical welfare of dogs in CB facilities and their environment in Indiana. This study specifically aimed 1) to characterize dog foot...

  4. Marketing Animal-Friendly Products: Addressing the Consumer Social Dilemma with Reinforcement Positioning Strategies

    Contributor(s):: Lenka van Riemsdijk, Paul T.M. Ingenbleek, Hans C.M. van Trijp, Gerrita van deer Veen

    This article presents a conceptual framework that aims to encourage consumer animal-friendly product choice by introducing positioning strategies for animal-friendly products. These strategies reinforce the animal welfare with different types of consumption values and can therefore reduce...

  5. To Group or Not to Group? Good Practice for Housing Male Laboratory Mice

    Contributor(s):: Sarah Kappel, Penny Hawkins, Michael T. Mendl

    It is widely recommended to group-house male laboratory mice because they are ‘social animals’, but male mice do not naturally share territories and aggression can be a serious welfare problem. Even without aggression, not all animals within a group will be in a state of positive...

  6. Assessment of Plumage and Integument Condition in Dual-Purpose Breeds and Conventional Layers

    Contributor(s):: Mona Franziska Giersberg, Birgit Spindler

    The assessment of plumage and integument condition in laying hens provides useful information about the occurrence of feather pecking and cannibalism. Although feather loss and skin injuries can result from mechanical abrasion or clinical diseases, they are valid animal-based indicators for...

  7. Selection of Meat Inspection Data for an Animal Welfare Index in Cattle and Pigs in Denmark

    Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Soren Saxmose Nielson, Matthew James Denwood, Bjorn Forkman, Hans Houe

    Despite being important to the general public, the monitoring of animal welfare is not systematic. The Danish political parties agreed in 2012 to establish national animal welfare indices for cattle and pigs, and here we assess the potential for using data from the systematic meat inspection to...

  8. Brazilian Citizens: Expectations Regarding Dairy Cattle Welfare and Awareness of Contentious Practices

    Contributor(s):: Clarissa S. Cardoso, Marina A.G. von Keyserlingk, Marie Jose Hotzel

    The primary aim of this study was to explore attitudes of urban Brazilian citizens about dairy production. A secondary aim was to determine their knowledge and attitudes about four potentially contentious routine dairy cattle management practices: early cow-calf separation; zero-grazing; culling...

  9. Influence of Professional Affiliation on Expert's View on Welfare Measures

    Contributor(s):: NIna Dam Otten, Tine Rousing, Bjorn Forkam

    The present study seeks to investigate the influence of expert affiliation in the weighing procedures within animal welfare assessments. Experts are often gathered with different backgrounds with differing approaches to animal welfare posing a potential pitfall if affiliation groups are not...

  10. An Examination of an Iconic Trap-Neuter-Return Program: The Newburyport, Massachusetts Case Study

    Contributor(s):: David D. Spehar, Peter J. Wolf

    Local communities in the United States are commonly responsible for selecting the most appropriate method of managing free-roaming cats. Lethal management has been widely utilized for generations, but the use of trap–neuter–return (TNR) has grown in recent decades. Despite expanded...

  11. Objective Measures for the Assessment of Post-Operative Pain in Bos indicus Bull Calves Following Castration

    Contributor(s):: Gabrielle C. Musk, Stine Jacobsen, Timothy H. Hyndman, Heidi S. Lehmann, S. Jonathon Tuke, Teresa Collins, Karina B. Gleerup, Craig B. Johnson, Michael Laurence

    Surgical castration of cattle is a common husbandry procedure, and although this procedure is known to cause pain in cattle and other species, in some countries it is often performed without anaesthesia or analgesia. Society is increasingly aware of this animal welfare issue and it is creating...

  12. Brazilian Citizens' Opinions and Attitudes about Farm Animal Production Systems

    Contributor(s):: Maria C. Yunes, Marina A. G. von Keyserlingk, Maria J. Hotzel

    The inclusion of societal input is needed for food animal production industries to retain their “social license to operate”. Little is known about the knowledge and attitudes of Brazilian citizens regarding food animal production systems. The aim of this study was to explore the...

  13. Penile Injuries in Immunocastrated and Entire Male Pigs of One Fattening Farm

    Contributor(s):: Simon Reiter, Susanne Zols, Mathias Ritzmann, Volker Stefanski, Ulrike Weiler

    Penile injuries in boars have been discussed as a relevant welfare problem in pork production with entire males (EM). The incidence of penile injuries with immunocastrated boars has not been described so far. Thus, it was the aim of this study to systematically compare frequency and severity of...

  14. Direct Observation of Dog Density and Composition during Street Counts as a Resource Efficient Method of Measuring Variation in Roaming Dog Populations over Time and between Locations

    Contributor(s):: Elly Hiby, Lex Hiby

    Dog population management is conducted in many countries to address the public health risks from roaming dogs and threats to their welfare. To assess its effectiveness, we need to monitor indicators from both the human and dog populations that are quick and easy to collect, precise and...

  15. Marley's Miracle Mutts

    Marley’s Mutts Dog Rescue is a registered 501(c)3 Non-Profit Organization (30-0636031) that is concentrated on saving the lives of Kern County's incarcerated canines. Kern County's shelters are bursting at the seams and register some of the highest euthanasia rates in the country....

  16. Island Dolphin Care

    Provides unique, therapeutic, motivational and educational dolphin assisted therapy programs for children and adults with special needs and their families (and/or caregivers) through the use of innovative therapy techniques, which enables participants to discover and achieve desired goals,...

  17. The H.O.P.E. Project

    (Healing Our Patriots with Equines)The HOPE Project uses rescued horses to help bring hope to our Heroes who may have been injured physically or emotionally.

  18. White Blood Cell Counts, Parasite Prevalence, and Plasma Cortisol Levels of Dogs in a County Animal Shelter: Changes over Days and Impact of a Program of Repeated Human Interaction

    Contributor(s):: Emily S. Dudley

    Animal shelter housing is highly stressful for a dog, compromising welfare and leading to undesirable behaviors and unknown health consequences. We documented the changes in circulating numbers of white blood cells, plasma cortisol, and fecal parasite shedding of dogs housed for 10 days at a...

  19. Pig Age and Approachability Behavior to a Human Observer

    Contributor(s):: Shawna Weimar, Anna K. Johnson, Kenneth J. Stalder, Locke A. Karriker, Thomas Fangman

    The objective of this experiment was to determine if nursery pig age affected how many pigs touched and orientated to a human, or were classified as not-orientated during a human-animal interaction test using live human observation and digital image collection methodology. A complete randomized...

  20. The Role of Clinical Veterinary Medicine in the Assessment and Treatment of Laboratory Animal Distress

    Contributor(s):: V. Hampshire

    It is doubtful that the scientific community will ever arrive at a consensus definition for distress as it may be attempted for the purposes of improving animal welfare in and across the myriad of research, testing and teaching facilities in the United States and throughout the minuet of...