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All Categories (1-20 of 2977)

  1. Development of a Dog-Assisted Activity Program in an Elementary Classroom

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cinzia Correale, Lara Crescimbene, Marta Borgi, Francesca Cirulli

    Here we describe a pilot Dog-Assisted Activity program that was designed to improve wellbeing and social integration in a multi-cultural elementary classroom in which some episodes of bullying had been reported. We developed a 5-encounters protocol with the aim of introducing pet dogs into the...

  2. Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels in Dog Owners and Their Dogs Are Associated with Behavioral Patterns: An Exploratory Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Petersson, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Anne Nilsson, Lise-Lotte Gustafson, Eva Hydbring-Sandberg, Linda Handlin

    We have previously shown that dog–owner interaction results in increasing oxytocin levels in owners and dogs, decreasing cortisol levels in owners but increasing cortisol levels in dogs. The present study aimed to further investigate whether oxytocin and cortisol levels in the previously...

  3. Social rivalry triggers visual attention in children with autism spectrum disorders

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marine Grandgeorge, Yentl Gautier, Pauline Brugaillères, Inès Tiercelin, Carole Jacq, Marie-Claude Lebret, Martine Hausberger

    Visual social attention is central to social functioning and learning and may act as a reinforcer. Social rivalry, which occurs when an individual is excluded from dyadic interactions, can promote interspecific learning by triggering attention. We applied it to an animal-assisted intervention,...

  4. Oxytocin Receptor Gene Polymorphisms Are Associated with Human Directed Social Behavior in Dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Kis, Melinda Bence, Gabriella Lakatos, Enikõ Pergel, Borbála Turcsán, Jolanda Pluijmakers, Judit Vas, Zsuzsanna Elek, Ildikó Brúder, Levente Földi, Mária Sasvári-Székely, Adám Miklósi, Zsolt Rónai, Enikõ Kubinyi

    The oxytocin system has a crucial role in human sociality; several results prove that polymorphisms of the oxytocin receptor gene are related to complex social behaviors in humans. Dogs' parallel evolution with humans and their adaptation to the human environment has made them a useful...

  5. Evidence of Sexism and Male Privilege in the Animal Liberation/Rights Movement

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lisa Kemmerer

  6. Tom Regan: A Visionary Changing the World

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carolyn Bailey

  7. Animal Rights and Incredulous Stares

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bob Fischer

    I propose an analogy between the thesis that animals have rights and David Lewis's commitment to modal realism. I argue that just as Lewis received incredulous stares that seem to justify rejecting his metaphysical hypothesis, so the thesis that animals have rights can be reasonably...

  8. The Contextual Cat: Human–Animal Relations and Social Meaning in Anglo-Saxon England

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kristopher Poole

    The growing popularity of relational approaches to agency amongst archaeologists has led to increased attention on the specific contexts of interaction between humans and their material worlds. Within such viewpoints, non-humans are perceived as agents in their own right and placed on an equal...

  9. Empathy and Prosocial Behaviorists. Insights from Intra-and Inter-species Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Elide Vanutelli, Michela Balconi

    It has been suggested that "sharing the same body" between the observer and the observed subject allows for a direct form of understanding and emotional attuning by a process of simulation. Then, what happens when we don't have the same body? The aim of the present paper is to...

  10. Gentling and welfare of lambs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: M Caroprese, L Taibi, V Franco, M Musto, A Muscio

    Gentling e benessere dell’agnello. Al fine di valutare l’effetto delle cure dell’operatore sul benessere dell’agnello allattato artificialmente è stata effettuata una prova della durata di 7 settimane condotta su 64 agnelli di razza Comisana. Gli agnelli in...

  11. Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Genetic Diversity of Bartonella henselae Infections in Pet Cats in Four Regions of the United States

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: L. Guptill, C.-C. Wu, H. HogenEsch, L.N. Slater, N. Glickman, A. Dunham, H. Syme, L. Glickman

    Blood was collected from a convenience sample of 271 pet cats aged 3 months to 2 years (mean age, 8 months, median and mode, 6 months) between May 1997 and September 1998 in four areas of the United States (southern California, Florida, metropolitan Chicago, and metropolitan Washington, D.C.)....

  12. Review of Taming the Wild Horse: An Annotated Translation and Study of the Daoist Horse Taming Pictures

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Regina Swanson

    This review of Louis Komjathy’s translation and interpretation of a 13th century set of illustrated poems places the work squarely within the emerging field of animal studies. Though essentially a map for Daoist monastic training, Komjathy notes that the Horse Taming Pictures, as he...

  13. Review of Engel's and Comstocks The Moral Rights of Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mark Bernstein

    A brief review of Engel's and Comstock's The Moral Rights of Animals.

  14. Are Illegal Direct Actions by Animal Rights Activists Ethically Vigilante?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michael P. Allen, Erica von Essen

    Constructed as terrorist, illegal direct actions by animal rights activists have become the subject of draconian law enforcement measures in the US and UK. Some scholars respond to this phenomenon by interpreting such actions to protect vulnerable animals not as terrorist but civilly...

  15. A Multivariate Model of Stakeholder Preference for Lethal Cat Management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dara M. Wald, Susan K. Jacobson

    Identifying stakeholder beliefs and attitudes is critical for resolving management conflicts. Debate over outdoor cat management is often described as a conflict between two groups, environmental advocates and animal welfare advocates, but little is known about the variables predicting...

  16. Cortisol and Secretory Immunoglobulin A Response to Stress in German Shepherd Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ivona Svobodová, Helena Chaloupková, Roman Koncel, Luděk Bartoš, Lenka Hradecká, Lukáš Jebavý

    The aim of the study was to determine whether cortisol and secretory Immunoglobulin A (sIgA) could be used as an indicator of acute stress in both young and adult dogs. Seventeen German shepherd puppies were exposed to the Puppy test (challenge test) at the age of seven weeks. This test has...

  17. Face scanning in autism spectrum disorder and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: human versus dog face scanning

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mauro Muszkat, Claudia Berlim de Mello, Patricia de Oliveira Lima Muñoz, Tania Khiel Lucci, Vinicius Frayze David, José de Oliveira Siqueira, Emma Otta

    This study used eye tracking to explore attention allocation to human and dog faces in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and typical development (TD). Significant differences were found among the three groups. TD...

  18. Biophilia: Alienation and Solidarity

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ralph Acampora

    Biophilia, theorized by Fromm, Wilson, and Kellert, is examined as a potential support for a pro-animal ethos. First, I look at the idea and its definitions at the hands of its chief theorizers. Then I investigate how different stages of human cultural development (foraging, pastoralism,...

  19. Dialogues on Ethical Vegetarianism

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michael Huemer

    Two philosophy students, M and V, discuss the ethics of meat consumption. Standard arguments on both sides are reviewed, with emphasis on the argument that meat-consumption is wrong because it supports extreme cruelty. M and V also address such questions as how conflicting intuitions ought to...

  20. Prison-based animal programs: a descriptive analysis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alicia M. Loe

    There are many types of programs used in prisons. One such type is known as prison-based animal programs (PAPs). Prison-based animal programs bring animals into facilities in order to help offenders with emotional and behavioral problems. However promising these programs are, there is little...