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Perception of Cats: Assessing the Differences Between Videos and Still Pictures on Adoptability and Associated Characteristics
| Contributor(s):: Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Lori R. Kogan, Patrick C. Carney
While animal shelters have made significant progress in reducing the number of euthanized dogs and cats, millions of unclaimed pets are still euthanized every year. Cats, in particular, face bleak prospects, with ~70% of those that enter animal shelters euthanized. Many factors influence...
2016 Study of Current Conditions of Kentucky County Animal Shelters and Degree of Compliance with Kentucky Animal Shelter Laws
| Contributor(s):: Cynthia L. Gaskill, Rachel Cullman-Clark, Liane Lachiewicz, Matt Lamarre, Brad Rohleder, Kristin Sadler, Rachel Sparling, Craig N. Carter
Kentucky’s county animal shelter conditions have not been studied for over 20 years. Major goals of this study were to assess current conditions in Kentucky’s county shelters and determine the degree of compliance with Kentucky shelter laws. Additional information was gathered to...
Modelling personality, plasticity and predictability in shelter dogs
| Contributor(s):: Conor Goold, Ruth C. Newberry
Behavioural assessments of shelter dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) typically comprise standardized test batteries conducted at one time point, but test batteries have shown inconsistent predictive validity. Longitudinal behavioural assessments offer an alternative. We modelled longitudinal...
Paws and Think, Inc.
Paws and Think, Inc. was founded in 2001 as a 501(c)(3) organization to bring the benefits off the human-animal bond to both people and dogs. Our Mission is Improving lives through the power of the human-dog connection. We do this through our Youth-Canine programs, helping at-risk or...
Can you spare 15 min? The measurable positive impact of a 15-min petting session on shelter dog well-being
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| Contributor(s):: Ragen T. S. McGowan, Cynthia Bolte, Hallie R. Barnett, Gerardo Perez-Camargo, François Martin
It is well established that human interaction has positive effects on shelter dogs. This work set out to answer the question: “Does one 15-min petting session make a difference for shelter dogs?” Fifty-five dogs were subject to one 15-min petting session with one of five unfamiliar...
Assessment of Recent Cases of Animal Hoarding in Germany: The Challenge for Animal Shelters and Public Authorities
| Contributor(s):: Sophie Arnold, Henriette Mackensen, Evelyn Ofensberger, Brigitte Rusche
Animal hoarding is a severe problem in the field of human-animal interaction. The goal of this study was to assess the current situation of animal hoarding in Germany. Reports of animal hoarding cases were collected from animal shelters and public media between January 2012 and December 2015;...
Gastrointestinal Parasites in Shelter Dogs: Occurrence, Pathology, Treatment and Risk to Shelter Workers
| Contributor(s):: Ali Raza, Jacquie Rand, Abdul Ghaffar Qamar, Abdul Jabbar, Steven Kopp
Despite evidence of a minor role of gastrointestinal parasites in causing disease in owned pet populations prophylactically treated with anthelmintics, gastrointestinal parasitism remains an important consideration in the care of animals in shelters, and in owned pet populations in developing...
Infectious Disease Prevalence and Factors Associated with Upper Respiratory Infection in Cats Following Relocation
| Contributor(s):: Mehnaz Aziz, Stephanie Janeczko, Maya Gupta
Relocation of cats and kittens is a relatively new practice in animal welfare. It is one of the many tools used by animal welfare agencies to decrease shelter euthanasia rates across the country. However, there are few and sometimes conflicting guidelines for either minimum standards or best...
Changes Associated with Improved Outcomes for Cats Entering RSPCA Queensland Shelters from 2011 to 2016
| Contributor(s):: Caroline Audrey Kerr, Jacquie Rand, John Murray Morton, Ronelle Reid, Mandy Paterson
The aim of this study was to identify changes that contributed to the markedly improved live release of cats in Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) Queensland shelters by comparing data from 2011 and 2016. Admission numbers were similar in these two years. The number...
Dog Population & Dog Sheltering Trends in the United States of America
| Contributor(s):: Andrew Rowan, Tamara Kartal
The pet overpopulation problem in the United States has changed significantly since the 1970s. The purpose of this review is to document these changes and propose factors that have been and are currently driving the dog population dynamics in the US. In the 1960s, about one quarter of the dog...
Factors Associated with High Live Release for Dogs at a Large, Open-Admission, Municipal Shelter
| Contributor(s):: Gary J. Patronek, Abbi Crowe
Better understanding of factors contributing to live release (rehoming) may help shelters improve outcomes. In this study, data were analyzed for all dogs (n = 21,409) admitted over a two-year period for the primary purpose of rehoming at a high-volume, open-intake municipal shelter performing...
Does Flooring Substrate Impact Kennel and Dog Cleanliness in Commercial Breeding Facilities?
| Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Judith Stella, Moriah Hurt, Amy Bauer, Paulo Gomes, Audrey Ruple, Alan Beck, Candace Croney
Evaluation of kennel flooring surfaces is needed to understand their impacts on dog health and well-being. This pilot study aimed to characterize aspects of physical health, kennel cleanliness, and dog body cleanliness on flooring types common in US breeding kennels. Subjects were 118 adult...
Factors Informing Outcomes for Older Cats and Dogs in Animal Shelters
| Contributor(s):: Sloane Hawes, Josephine Kerrigan, Kevin Morris
Historically, older cats and dogs have been particularly at-risk for euthanasia in animal shelters due to their lower perceived appeal for adoption. This study found that the condition at intake had the greatest impact on the outcomes of older cats and dogs. Additionally, the application of...
Pets by the Numbers
Relinquishment of sheltered animals: how the behavioral data can inform the veterinary role in prevention and successful rehoming
| Contributor(s):: S.V. Juarbe-Diaz
Qualified "in shelter" dogs' evaluation and training to promote successful dog-human relationships
| Contributor(s):: Marilena Sticco, Roberto Trentini, Pia Lucidi
The phenomenon of dogs’ relinquishment in Italy has become a social evil, although many laws exist to regulate animal protection and lately, the act of abandonment has become criminalised (law n.189/2004, enforced by law n.201/2010). Adop tion fro m shelters seems t o be the only way to...
Evaluation of a behavioral assessment tool for dogs relinquished to shelters
| Contributor(s):: DL Duffy, KA Kruger, James A. Serpell
Goodbye to a Good Friend: An Exploration of the Re-Homing of Cats and Dogs in the U.S.
| Contributor(s):: Emily Weiss, Shannon Gramann, C. Victor Spain, Margaret Slater
When dogs and cats are not retained in a home, they are re-homed to somewhere, and while there is a collection of research around relinquishment to shelters, little is known about the general re-homing picture. A cross sectional random digit dial survey was conducted with an aim to learn more...
Declawing has no effect on biting behavior but does affect adoption outcomes for domestic cats in an animal shelter
| Contributor(s):: Saethra Jade Fritscher, James Ha
Opponents of declawing contend that it causes behavioral problems, whereas others, including the American Veterinary Medical Association, state that because destructive scratching is a risk factor for relinquishment and euthanasia, declawing is a reasonable alternative. If declawing causes...