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  1. Household Food Items Toxic to Dogs and Cats

    Contributor(s):: Cristina Cortinovis, Francesca Caloni

    Several foods that are perfectly suitable for human consumption can be toxic to dogs and cats. Food-associated poisoning cases involving the accidental ingestion of chocolate and chocolate-based products, Allium spp. (onion, garlic, leek, and chives), macadamia nuts, Vitis...

  2. Feasibility for Measuring Transverse Area Ratios and Asymmetry of Lumbosacral Region Paraspinal Muscles in Working Dogs Using Computed Tomography

    Contributor(s):: Bethany Cain, Jeryl C. Jones, Ida Holásková, Larry Freeman, Bess Pierce

    Objectives: Describe computed tomographic (CT) anatomy of canine lumbosacral (LS) paraspinal muscles, a method for measuring paraspinal muscle transverse area ratios and asymmetry using CT, and application of this method in a small sample of working dogs with versus without LS...

  3. Editorial: Towards Elimination of Dog Mediated Human Rabies

    Contributor(s):: Salome Dürr, Anna S. Fahrion, Lea Knopf, Louise H. Taylor

    Rabies is a zoonotic viral disease with a high impact on human and animal health. The disease is almost 100% fatal after clinical signs appear and kills tens of thousands of people per year worldwide. About 99% of infections in humans are caused by rabid domestic dog bites. Human disease is...

  4. Gastritis and Gastric Ulcers in Working Dogs

    Contributor(s):: Michael S. Davis, Katherine K. Williamson

    Gastritis and gastric ulcers are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in canine athletes. Although the majority of scientific work on this condition has been performed in ultraendurance racing sled dogs, this condition has been identified in other canine athletes, including sled dogs...

  5. Cost Description and Comparative Cost Efficiency of Post-Exposure Prophylaxis and Canine Mass Vaccination against Rabies in N'Djamena, Chad

    Contributor(s):: Rolande Mindekem, Monique Sarah Lechenne, Kemdongarti Service Naissengar, Assandi Oussiguéré, Bidjeh Kebkiba, Daugla Doumagoum Moto, Idriss Oumar Alfaroukh, Laurent Tinoanga Ouedraogo, Sahidou Salifou, Jakob Zinsstag

    Rabies claims approximately 59,000 human lives annually and is a potential risk to 3.3 billion people in over 100 countries worldwide. Despite being fatal in almost 100% of cases, human rabies can be prevented by vaccinating dogs, the most common vector, and the timely administration of...

  6. Using Scent Detection Dogs in Conservation Settings: A Review of Scientific Literature Regarding Their Selection

    Contributor(s):: Sarah C. Beebe, Tiffani J. Howell, Pauleen C. Bennett

    Dogs are widely used for scent detection work, assisting in searches for, among other things, missing persons, explosives, and even cancers. They are also increasingly used in conservation settings, being deployed for a range of diverse purposes. Although scent detecting dogs have been used in...

  7. Assessing the Risk of a Canine Rabies Incursion in Northern Australia

    Contributor(s):: Emily G. Hudson, Victoria J. Brookes, Michael P. Ward

    Rabies is a globally distributed virus that causes approximately 60,00 human deaths annually with >99% of cases caused by dog bites. Australia is currently canine rabies free. However, the recent eastward spread of rabies in the Indonesian archipelago has increased the probability of rabies...

  8. Environmental and Physiological Factors Associated With Stamina in Dogs Exercising in High Ambient Temperatures

    Contributor(s):: Patrick J. Robbins, Meghan T. Ramos, Brian M. Zanghi, Cynthia M. Otto

    This IACUC approved study was performed to evaluate the environmental, physiological, and hematological components that contribute to stamina following successive bouts of exercise that included searching (5-min), agility (5-min), and ball retrieve (<10-min). Regularly exercised dogs (N= 12)...

  9. A Comparison of Three Holistic Approaches to Health: One Health, EcoHealth, and Planetary Health

    Contributor(s):: Henrik Lerner, Charlotte Berg

    Several holistic and interdisciplinary approaches exist to safeguard health. Three of the most influential concepts at the moment, One Health, EcoHealth, and Planetary Health, are analyzed in this paper, revealing similarities and differences at the theoretical conceptual level. These approaches...

  10. Elimination of Dog-Mediated Human Rabies Deaths by 2030: Needs Assessment and Alternatives for Progress Based on Dog Vaccination

    Contributor(s):: Ryan M. Wallace, Eduardo A. Undurraga, Jesse D. Blanton, Julie Cleaton, Richard Franka

    Background: Rabies imposes a substantial burden to about half of the world population. The World Health Organization (WHO), World Organization for Animal Health, and the Food and Agriculture Organization have set the goal of eliminating dog-mediated human rabies deaths by 2030. This could be...

  11. Behavioral Ecology of Captive Species: Using Bibliographic Information to Assess Pet Suitability of Mammal Species

    Contributor(s):: Paul Koene, Rudi M. de Mol, Bert Ipema

    Which mammal species are suitable to be kept as pet? For answering this question many factors have to be considered. Animals have many adaptations to their natural environment in which they have evolved that may cause adaptation problems and/or risks in captivity. Problems may be visible in...

  12. In Search of the Urban Cowboy: The Need to Incorporate Animal Husbandry into the United States Higher Education Curriculum and Its Implications for Production Animal Welfare

    Contributor(s):: Courtney Lynd Daigle

    There is a need to (1) highlight the importance of incorporating animal husbandry into higher education curriculum and (2) emphasize that professionally training production animal handlers will have positive impact on production animal welfare. Spending more time interacting with agricultural...

  13. Comparing Methods of Assessing Dog Rabies Vaccination Coverage in Rural and Urban Communities in Tanzania

    Contributor(s):: Maganga Sambo, Paul C. D. Johnson, Karen Hotopp, Joel Changalucha, Sarah Cleaveland, Rudovick Kazwala, Tiziana Lembo, Ahmed Lugelo, Kennedy Lushasi, Mathew Maziku, Eberhard Mbunda, Zacharia Mtema, Lwitiko Sikana, Sunny E. Townsend, Katie Hampson

    Rabies can be eliminated by achieving comprehensive coverage of 70% of domestic dogs during annual mass vaccination campaigns. Estimates of vaccination coverage are, therefore, required to evaluate and manage mass dog vaccination programs; however, there is no specific guidance for the most...

  14. Baby Steps: Minnesota Raises Certain Forms of Animal Cruelty to Felony Status

    Contributor(s):: Corwin R. Kruse

    The relationships between humans and animals are complex and contradictory; we welcome them into our homes and treat them as members of the family, yet we inflict upon them all manner of atrocities. Although laws prohibiting cruelty to animals exist in all...

  15. Protecting Cats and Dogs in Order to Protect Humans: Making the Case for a Felony Companion Animal Statute in Mississippi

    Contributor(s):: Deborah Challener

    During the 2010 session of the Mississippi legislature, Senator Billy Hewes (R-Gulfport) introduced Senate Bill No. 2623 which, inter alia, made it a felony to "with malice torture, mutilate, maim, burn, starve, disfigure or kill any domesticated dog or cat." The penalty for a...

  16. Microfaunal remains from the East Granary, Roman Vindolanda: Evidence for human–animal interactions.

    Contributor(s):: Deb Bennett, Robert M. Timm

    The East Granary situated within the Roman fort-village complex at Vindolanda was in active use from the early third through the late fourth centuries A.D. The architectural layout of the foundation of this building consists of five parallel channels cut by cross-flues at regular intervals, and...

  17. Burn after Reading: Animal Terrorism in Duncan the Wonder Dog: Show One

    Contributor(s):: Christopher Pizzino

    At present, the tradition of the animal fable remains strong in popular narrative even as the narrative arts, on the whole, remain marginal to the field of animal studies. Duncan the Wonder Dog: Show One, Adam Hines’s 2010 graphic novel, sets a new course for the animal fable and...

  18. Barking at Heaven's Door: Pluto Mehra in the Hindi Film Dil Dhadakne Do

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: Alessandra Consolaro

    In this article, I discuss the representation of pets in the 2015 commercial Hindi comedy-drama (commonly known as Bollywood) Dil Dhadakne Do (DDD), which translates to Let the Heart Beat; this is the first ever case of a Hindi movie having a dog as a narrator. For centuries, Indian...

  19. Jainism and Human–Animal Relationship

    Contributor(s):: Nachiketa Bandyopadhyay

    While discussing the role of animal in society, tradition, religion and culture mostly observed that human interest are protected, at the same time people who have different ways of thinking and ideas in favor of animals having caring attitudes towards animal welfare are seen. History of...

  20. MetroDogs: the heart in the machine

    Contributor(s):: Alaina Lemon

    Dogs in the Moscow Metro, some say, have evolved a unique sentience: they navigate a human-scaled infrastructure and interpret human motives there. Such assertions about dogs, and encounters with them on public transit, invoke Soviet-era moral projects that wove sentiment...