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  1. Urban Animals: Human-Poultry Relationships in Later Post-Medieval Belfast

    Contributor(s):: B. Tyr Fothergill

    Live animals were a ubiquitous feature of post-medieval cities and provided a variety of products to a broad cross-section of society. Poultry species were portable and accessible to people of modest means. Yet, the quotidian presence of poultry contrasts with the lack of attention to urban...

  2. The dogs of Roman Vindolanda, Part II: Time-stratigraphic occurrence, ethnographic comparisons, and biotype reconstruction

    Contributor(s):: Deb Bennett, Robert M. Timm

    The Roman fort–village complex at Vindolanda in northern England has yielded extensive well-preserved remains of domestic dogs, Canis familiaris. Herein, we pose the questions—did the Romans breed for distinctive dog morphotypes, or were dogs breeding panmictically; and if dogs were...

  3. Was Jack the Ripper a Slaughterman? Human-Animal Violence and the World's Most Infamous Serial Killer

    Contributor(s):: Andrew Knight, Katherine D Watson

    Hundreds of theories exist concerning the identity of “Jack the Ripper”. His propensity for anatomical dissection with a knife—and in particular the rapid location and removal of specific organs—led some to speculate that he must have been surgically trained. However,...

  4. "Ti-Koyo and His Shark". Human-animal brotherhood from Clement Richer to Italo Calvino and Folco Quilici

    Contributor(s):: Damiano Benvegnu

    Ti-Koyo e il suo pescecane [Ti-Coyo and His Shark] is a 1962 film by Italian film director and screenwriter Folco Quilici. Based on a novel by the Martinican writer Clement Richer entitled Ti-Coyo et son requin (Ti-Coyo and his [White] Shark, 1941) but adapted for cinema by Italo Calvino (who...

  5. "Grete Kyndenes is in Howndys": Dogs and Men in Middle English Romance

    Contributor(s):: Harriet Hudson

  6. The islamic code of animal - human relationships

    Contributor(s):: A-H.B.A. Masri

  7. Wildlife Encounters by Lewis and Clark: A Spatial Analysis of Interactions between Native Americans and Wildlife

    Contributor(s):: Andrea S. Laliberte, William J. Ripple

    The Lewis and Clark journals contain some of the earliest and most detailed written descriptions of a large part of the United States before Euro-American settlement. We used the journal entries to assess the influence of humans on wildlife distribution and abundance. Areas with denser human...

  8. Science, policy, and the public discourse of shark "attacks": a proposal for reclassifying human-shark interactions.

    Contributor(s):: Christopher Neff, Robert E. Hueter

    There are few phrases in the Western world that evoke as much emotion or as powerful an image as the words “shark” and “attack.” However, not all “shark attacks” are created equal. Under current labels, listings of shark attack may even include instances where...

  9. Moving beyond the "Five Freedoms" by Updating the "Five Provisions" and Introducing Aligned "Animal Welfare Aims"

    Contributor(s):: David J. Mellor

    Although the Five Freedoms paradigm has been very influential in shaping animal welfare thinking for the last two decades, it has two key disadvantages. First, the focus on “freedom” from a range of negative experiences and states has been misunderstood in a number of quarters to mean...

  10. Humans, Horses, and Hybrids : On Rights, Welfare, and Masculinity in Equestrian Sports

    Contributor(s):: Kutte Jonsson

    The fact that horses play an essential role for equestrian sports raises rather specific ethical concerns. Questions like what should be morally permissible to do to (non-consenting) nonhumans for the sake of human interests become urgent. Is it not an example of (animal) rights violation to...

  11. The Relationships Among Plants, Animals, and Man in the African Tropical Rain Forest

    Contributor(s):: Hideaki Terashima

    Interrelationship among man, plants and animals in the Ituri forest is described and analyzed. Plants contribute mainly to establish the material world of forest foragers, and their eternity gives man and animals living in the forest a sense of security and certainty of life. Animals are...

  12. Can Citizen Science Assist in Determining Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) Presence in a Declining Population?

    Contributor(s):: Emily Flower, Darryl Jones, Lilia Bernede

    The acceptance and application of citizen science has risen over the last 10 years, with this rise likely attributed to an increase in public awareness surrounding anthropogenic impacts affecting urban ecosystems. Citizen science projects have the potential to expand upon data collected by...

  13. Organizing space and time through relational human-animal boundary work: exclusion, invitation and disturbance

    Contributor(s):: Daniel Sage, Lise Justesen, Andrew R.J. Dainty, K. Trygesstad, Jan Mouritsen

    In this paper we examine the role that animals play within human organizational boundary work. In so doing, we challenge the latent anthropocentricism in many, if not most, theories of organization that locate animal agencies outside the boundary work that is said to constitute organizing. In...

  14. Animal Welfare: Freedoms, Dominions and "A Life Worth Living"

    Contributor(s):: John Webster

    This opinion paper considers the relative validity and utility of three concepts: the Five Freedoms (FF), Five Domains (FD) and Quality of Life (QoL) as tools for the analysis of animal welfare. The aims of FF and FD are different but complementary. FD seeks to assess the impact of the physical...

  15. "Vicious, Aggressive Bird Stalks Cyclist": The Australian Magpie (Cracticus tibicen) in the News

    Contributor(s):: Kitty van Vuuren, Scott O' Keefe, Darryl N. Jones

    The Australian Magpie ( Cracticus tibicen ) is a common bird found in urban Australian environments where its nest defense behavior during spring brings it into conflict with humans. This article explores the role of print media in covering this conflict. Leximancer software was used to analyze...

  16. The Human and Animal Bond in The Red Pony

    Contributor(s):: Chaker Mohamed Ben Ali

    John Steinbeck perceives the natural world in The Red Pony as uncaring and unforgiving and predatory since it is full of predators which are in a constant conflict against one another. Such a conflict occurs either between animals and animals or between humans and animals or between humans and...

  17. Cecil: A Moment or a Movement? Analysis of Media Coverage of the Death of a Lion, Panthera leo

    Contributor(s):: David W. Macdonald, Kim S. Jacobsen, Dawn Burnham, Paul J. Johnson, Andrew J. Loveridge

    The killing of a satellite-tagged male lion by a trophy hunter in Zimbabwe in July 2015 provoked an unprecedented media reaction. We analyse the global media response to the trophy hunting of the lion, nicknamed “Cecil”, a study animal in a long-term project run by Oxford...

  18. Polar Similar: Intersections of Anthropology and Conservation

    Contributor(s):: Nathan Poirier, Sarah Tomasello

    Anthropologists and conservationists have a long history of conflict, largely stemming from the creation of protected areas that are frequently placed on the land belonging to Indigenous communities for which anthropologists advocate. While this paper does not wish to diminish the values of...

  19. Updating Animal Welfare Thinking: Moving beyond the "Five Freedoms" towards "A Life Worth Living"

    Contributor(s):: David J. Mellor

    The Five Freedoms have had major impact on animal welfare thinking internationally. However, despite clear initial statements that the words ‘freedom from’ should indicate ‘as free as possible from’, the Freedoms have come to be represented as absolute or fundamental...

  20. Baby Animal Days: An Innovative Approach to Funding and Marketing Urban Extension Programs

    Contributor(s):: Justen Smith, Jerry Goodspeed, JayDee Gunnell, Shawn Olsen

    Extension in urban areas can suffer from a lack of exposure in addition to a lack of funding for programs. Baby Animal Days is a 2-day event created to educate the public about agriculture while generating much-needed revenue and providing powerful marketing for Extension. Attendance at the event...