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  1. Tuberculosis and One Health – What is in a Name?

    Contributor(s):: Susanna Sternberg Lewerin

    Most control programs for bovine tuberculosis include reporting to both veterinary and public health authorities, and measures to prevent transmission from animals to humans. On the other hand, reporting of human cases to veterinary authorities is rare, unless an animal source is suspected....

  2. Evaluation of Three Hydration Strategies in Detection Dogs Working in a Hot Environment

    Contributor(s):: Cynthia M. Otto, Elizabeth Hare, Jess L. Nord, Shannon M. Palermo, Kathleen M. Kelsey, Tracy A. Darling, Kasey Schmidt, Destiny Coleman

    Physical activity in hot environments can increase the risk of heat stress or heat stroke in dogs. Heat tolerance is influenced by acclimatization to the environment, physical fitness, and hydration state. Three common strategies to promote hydration in working dogs are free access to water (W),...

  3. Feeders of Free-Roaming Cats: Personal Characteristics, Feeding Practices, and Data on Cat Health and Welfare in an Urban Setting of Israel

    Contributor(s):: Idit Gunther, Tal Raz, Yehonatan Even Zor, Yuval Bachowski, Eyal Klement

    Cat feeders serve as an important source of available food for free-roaming cats (FRCs) and can play a central role in providing data on FRC distribution, welfare, and health. Data on cat feeder personalities as well as a better understanding of their feeding practices offer relevance for...

  4. Beyond One Health—Zoological Medicine in the Anthropocene

    Contributor(s):: Chris Walzer

    In contrast to some of the well-established core disciplines of veterinary medicine, such as radiology, surgery, and internal medicine, zoological medicine is often perceived as a relatively recent development. However, as early as 1831, local veterinary practitioner Charles Spooner became the...

  5. Effects of Sheltering on Behavior and Fecal Corticosterone Level of Elderly Dogs

    Contributor(s):: Katsuji Uetake, Chu Han Yang, Aki Endo, Toshio Tanaka

    In Japan, the human population is aging rapidly, and the abandonment of dogs by the elderly people who have died or been hospitalized becomes a problem. It is hypothesized that elderly dogs have difficulty adapting to the novel circumstances when brought to an animal shelter. Therefore, the...

  6. Feline Obesity in Veterinary Medicine: Insights from a Thematic Analysis of Communication in Practice

    Contributor(s):: Alexandra M. Phillips, Jason B. Coe, Melanie J. Rock, Cindy L. Adams

    Feline obesity has become a common disease and important animal welfare issue. Little is known about how, or how often, veterinarians and feline-owning clients are addressing obesity during clinical appointments. The purpose of this qualitative study was to characterize verbal and non-verbal...

  7. Toward Elimination of Dog-Mediated Human Rabies: Experiences from Implementing a Large-scale Demonstration Project in Southern Tanzania

    Contributor(s):: Emmanuel Abraham Mpolya, Tiziana Lembo, Kennedy Lushasi, Rebecca Mancy, Eberhard M. Mbunda, Selemani Makungu, Matthew Maziku, Lwitiko Sikana, Gurdeep Jaswant, Sunny Townsend, François-Xavier Meslin, Bernadette Abela-Ridder, Chanasa Ngeleja, Joel Changalucha, Zacharia Mtema, Maganga Sambo, Geofrey Mchau, Kristyna Rysava, Alphoncina Nanai, Rudovick Kazwala, Sarah Cleaveland, Katie Hampson

    A Rabies Elimination Demonstration Project was implemented in Tanzania from 2010 through to 2015, bringing together government ministries from the health and veterinary sectors, the World Health Organization, and national and international research institutions. Detailed data on mass dog...

  8. Educational Possibilities of Keeping Goats in Elementary Schools in Japan

    Contributor(s):: Naoko Koda, Shiho Kutsumi, Toshiya Hirose, Gen Watanabe

    Many Japanese elementary schools keep small animals for educational purposes, and the effects and challenges have been investigated. Although goats are medium-sized animals that are familiar to Japanese, few practical studies have been conducted on keeping goats in schools. This study...

  9. Eliminating Dog-Mediated Rabies in Sikkim, India: A 10-Year Pathway to Success for the SARAH Program

    Contributor(s):: Helen Byrnes, Andrea Britton, Thinlay Bhutia

    A third of the world rabies burden is in India. The Sikkim Anti-Rabies and Animal Health (SARAH) program is the first state-wide rabies program in India and demonstrates a successful One Health model of dog-mediated rabies elimination. The SARAH program was created in 2006 as a collaboration...

  10. ¿Y si hacemos turismo con llamas? | Alejandra Arias-Stella | TEDxTukuy

    Antes de la conquista del Perú, las llamas eran el animal de carga por excelencia. Sin embargo, con la llegada de los españoles y la reducción de la población nativa, las llamas fueron reemplazadas por las mulas y los caballos. En esta charla, Alejandra Arias,...

  11. The Human-Animal Bond : Our History With Dogs

    Contributor(s):: Stanley Coren

  12. Household Food Items Toxic to Dogs and Cats

    Contributor(s):: Cristina Cortinovis, Francesca Caloni

    Several foods that are perfectly suitable for human consumption can be toxic to dogs and cats. Food-associated poisoning cases involving the accidental ingestion of chocolate and chocolate-based products, Allium spp. (onion, garlic, leek, and chives), macadamia nuts, Vitis...

  13. Feasibility for Measuring Transverse Area Ratios and Asymmetry of Lumbosacral Region Paraspinal Muscles in Working Dogs Using Computed Tomography

    Contributor(s):: Bethany Cain, Jeryl C. Jones, Ida Holásková, Larry Freeman, Bess Pierce

    Objectives: Describe computed tomographic (CT) anatomy of canine lumbosacral (LS) paraspinal muscles, a method for measuring paraspinal muscle transverse area ratios and asymmetry using CT, and application of this method in a small sample of working dogs with versus without LS...

  14. Editorial: Towards Elimination of Dog Mediated Human Rabies

    Contributor(s):: Salome Dürr, Anna S. Fahrion, Lea Knopf, Louise H. Taylor

    Rabies is a zoonotic viral disease with a high impact on human and animal health. The disease is almost 100% fatal after clinical signs appear and kills tens of thousands of people per year worldwide. About 99% of infections in humans are caused by rabid domestic dog bites. Human disease is...

  15. Gastritis and Gastric Ulcers in Working Dogs

    Contributor(s):: Michael S. Davis, Katherine K. Williamson

    Gastritis and gastric ulcers are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in canine athletes. Although the majority of scientific work on this condition has been performed in ultraendurance racing sled dogs, this condition has been identified in other canine athletes, including sled dogs...

  16. Cost Description and Comparative Cost Efficiency of Post-Exposure Prophylaxis and Canine Mass Vaccination against Rabies in N'Djamena, Chad

    Contributor(s):: Rolande Mindekem, Monique Sarah Lechenne, Kemdongarti Service Naissengar, Assandi Oussiguéré, Bidjeh Kebkiba, Daugla Doumagoum Moto, Idriss Oumar Alfaroukh, Laurent Tinoanga Ouedraogo, Sahidou Salifou, Jakob Zinsstag

    Rabies claims approximately 59,000 human lives annually and is a potential risk to 3.3 billion people in over 100 countries worldwide. Despite being fatal in almost 100% of cases, human rabies can be prevented by vaccinating dogs, the most common vector, and the timely administration of...

  17. Using Scent Detection Dogs in Conservation Settings: A Review of Scientific Literature Regarding Their Selection

    Contributor(s):: Sarah C. Beebe, Tiffani J. Howell, Pauleen C. Bennett

    Dogs are widely used for scent detection work, assisting in searches for, among other things, missing persons, explosives, and even cancers. They are also increasingly used in conservation settings, being deployed for a range of diverse purposes. Although scent detecting dogs have been used in...

  18. Assessing the Risk of a Canine Rabies Incursion in Northern Australia

    Contributor(s):: Emily G. Hudson, Victoria J. Brookes, Michael P. Ward

    Rabies is a globally distributed virus that causes approximately 60,00 human deaths annually with >99% of cases caused by dog bites. Australia is currently canine rabies free. However, the recent eastward spread of rabies in the Indonesian archipelago has increased the probability of rabies...

  19. Environmental and Physiological Factors Associated With Stamina in Dogs Exercising in High Ambient Temperatures

    Contributor(s):: Patrick J. Robbins, Meghan T. Ramos, Brian M. Zanghi, Cynthia M. Otto

    This IACUC approved study was performed to evaluate the environmental, physiological, and hematological components that contribute to stamina following successive bouts of exercise that included searching (5-min), agility (5-min), and ball retrieve (<10-min). Regularly exercised dogs (N= 12)...

  20. A Comparison of Three Holistic Approaches to Health: One Health, EcoHealth, and Planetary Health

    Contributor(s):: Henrik Lerner, Charlotte Berg

    Several holistic and interdisciplinary approaches exist to safeguard health. Three of the most influential concepts at the moment, One Health, EcoHealth, and Planetary Health, are analyzed in this paper, revealing similarities and differences at the theoretical conceptual level. These approaches...