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All Categories (1-20 of 91)

  1. The Role of Clinical Veterinary Medicine in the Assessment and Treatment of Laboratory Animal Distress

    Contributor(s):: V. Hampshire

    It is doubtful that the scientific community will ever arrive at a consensus definition for distress as it may be attempted for the purposes of improving animal welfare in and across the myriad of research, testing and teaching facilities in the United States and throughout the minuet of...

  2. Eliminating Dog-Mediated Rabies in Sikkim, India: A 10-Year Pathway to Success for the SARAH Program

    Contributor(s):: Helen Byrnes, Andrea Britton, Thinlay Bhutia

    A third of the world rabies burden is in India. The Sikkim Anti-Rabies and Animal Health (SARAH) program is the first state-wide rabies program in India and demonstrates a successful One Health model of dog-mediated rabies elimination. The SARAH program was created in 2006 as a collaboration...

  3. Assessing the Risk of a Canine Rabies Incursion in Northern Australia

    Contributor(s):: Emily G. Hudson, Victoria J. Brookes, Michael P. Ward

    Rabies is a globally distributed virus that causes approximately 60,00 human deaths annually with >99% of cases caused by dog bites. Australia is currently canine rabies free. However, the recent eastward spread of rabies in the Indonesian archipelago has increased the probability of rabies...

  4. The effects of radar on avian behavior: implications for wildlife management at airports

    Contributor(s):: Sheridan, E., Randolet, J., DeVault, T. L., Seamans, T. W., Blackwell, B. F., Fernandez-Juricic, E.

    Airports often contain foraging, breeding, and roosting resources for wildlife. Airports also have different types of radars to assist with air traffic control, monitoring weather, and tracking wildlife that could become a risk for collision with aircraft. The effect of radar electromagnetic...

  5. The effect of presenting forage in multi-layered haynets and at multiple sites on night time budgets of stabled horses

    Contributor(s):: Ellis, A. D., Redgate, S., Zinchenko, S., Owen, H., Barfoot, C., Harris, P.

    The aim of this study was to explore the efficacy of multi-layered haynets and multiple presentation of haynets to increase time spent on feed intake behaviour at night (13 h observation). For preliminary assessment two horses performing the oral stereotypy of crib-biting were included. Six...

  6. Granny and the robots: ethical issues in robot care for the elderly

    Contributor(s):: Sharkey, A., Sharkey, N.

  7. From Sniffer Dogs to Emerging Sniffer Devices for Airport Security: An Opportunity to Rethink Privacy Implications?

    Contributor(s):: Bonfanti, Matteo E.

  8. Approach behaviour of shelter dogs and its relationships with the attitudes of shelter staff to dogs

    Contributor(s):: Arhant, C., Troxler, J.

    The behaviour of animals towards humans is widely used to assess human-animal relationship and welfare in livestock. The aim of this study was to develop an approach test for dogs that is feasible in a surveillance setting, shows stability over a given time period and has good...

  9. Bringing together emerging and endemic zoonoses surveillance: shared challenges and a common solution

    Contributor(s):: Jo Halliday, Chris Daborn, Harriet Auty, Zacharia Mtema, Tiziana Lembo, Barend M. deC. Bronsvoort, Ian Handel, Darryn Knobel, Katie Hampson, Sarah Cleaveland

    Early detection of disease outbreaks in human and animal populations is crucial to the effective surveillance of emerging infectious diseases. However, there are marked geographical disparities in capacity for early detection of outbreaks, which limit the effectiveness of global surveillance...

  10. A case study of orangutan and siamang behavior within a mixed-species zoo exhibit

    Contributor(s):: Pearson, E. L., Davis, J. M., Litchfield, C. A.

    This empirical case study assessed the behavior and welfare of 2 orangutans (Pongo abelii) and 2 siamangs (Symphalangus syndactylus) within a mixed-species zoo exhibit. The study used instantaneous scan-sampling to record behavior, location, and interspecies proximity over 174 hr and...

  11. Bioacoustic monitoring of aggression in group-housed rhesus macaques

    Contributor(s):: McCowan, B., Rommeck, I.

    Many captive primate facilities house rhesus macaques in multimale-multifemale social groups in large enclosures that simulate the natural social and environmental features characteristic of the species, enhancing their reproductive performance as well as their psychological well-being, yet one...

  12. Welfare monitoring schemes: using research to safeguard welfare of animals on the farm

    Contributor(s):: Barnett, J. L., Hemsworth, P. H.

    There are a number of nonhuman animal welfare monitoring schemes for animals on the farm in Australia and in other countries. Although the majority of such schemes are voluntary rather than legislated, some are nevertheless enforced through a number of customer requirements that industries must...

  13. In search of the behavioural correlates of optical flow patterns in the automated assessment of broiler chicken welfare

    Contributor(s):: Dawkins, M. S., Cain, R., Merelie, K., Roberts, S. J.

  14. Evaluation of routinely collected veterinary and human health data for surveillance of human tick-borne diseases in North Carolina

    Contributor(s):: Rhea, S. K., Glickman, S. W., Waller, A., Ising, A., Maillard, J. M., Lund, E. M., Glickman, L. T.

  15. Animal welfare considerations in primate rehabilitation: an assessment of three vervet monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops) releases in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa

    Contributor(s):: Guy, A. J., Stone, O. M. L., Curnoe, D.

  16. Assessing pig welfare at stunning in Swedish commercial abattoirs using CO<sub>2</sub> group-stun methods

    Contributor(s):: Atkinson, S., Velarde, A., Llonch, P., Algers, B.

  17. Automated monitoring of behavioural-based animal welfare indicators

    Contributor(s):: Rushen, J., Chapinal, N., Passille, A. M. de

  18. Designing animal welfare policies and monitoring progress

    Contributor(s):: Keeling, L. J., Immink, V., Hubbard, C., Garrod, G., Edwards, S. A., Ingenbleek, P.

  19. Economic, education, encouragement and enforcement influences within farm assurance schemes

    Contributor(s):: Main, D. C. J., Mullan, S.

  20. Establishing the extent of behavioural reactions in dairy cattle to a leg mounted activity monitor

    Contributor(s):: MacKay, J. R. D., Deag, J. M., Haskell, M. J.