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Road Kill and the New Science of Human-Animal Relationships
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Contributor(s):: Harold Herzog
The new science of human-animal interactions, anthrozoology, rests on a premise by the French anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss. "Animals," he wrote, "are good to think with." His point was that we can learn a lot about human nature by studying how we think about and act...
Interação humano-cão: o social constituído pela relação interespécie
Contributor(s):: Ceres Berger Faraco
A presente tese consiste de estudos na área da Psicologia, abordando o sistema social na lnteração Humano-Cão. Defende-se que ha uma sociedade particular constituída por humanos e cães e que a teoria sobre o social de Humberto Maturana nos oferece apoio...
Communicating with pet owners about obesity: roles of the veterinary health care team
Contributor(s):: Churchill, J., Ward, E.
Obesity continues to be the most prevalent nutritional problem of dogs and cats as well as one of the most frustrating conditions to treat successfully. Educating and assigning roles to all members of the health care team will improve staff engagement and the consistency and effectiveness of...
"Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving
Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.
Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...
Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans
Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...
Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia
Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.
It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...
Food puzzles for cats: feeding for physical and emotional wellbeing
Contributor(s):: Dantas, L. M. S., Delgado, M. M., Johnson, I., Buffington, C. A. T.
Practical relevance: Many pet cats are kept indoors for a variety of reasons (eg, safety, health, avoidance of wildlife predation) in conditions that are perhaps the least natural to them. Indoor housing has been associated with health issues, such as chronic lower urinary tract signs, and...
Current opinion on maximizing veterinary profession growth and contributions
Contributor(s):: Nimmanapalli, R., Donapaty, S. R.
Veterinary profession sphere overlaps three major biology arenas namely agriculture, basic sciences, and human medicine. Thus, so far the investments in veterinary field are not proportional to the scope of their responsibilities. Rededication and rejuvenation can help veterinary profession to...
Practices and perceptions of animal contact and associated health outcomes in pregnant women and new mothers
Contributor(s):: Weng, HsinYi, Ankrom, K.
Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...
Measuring dog-owner relationships: crossing boundaries between animal behaviour and human psychology
Contributor(s):: Rehn, T., Keeling, L. J.
Previous research suggests that dogs (Canis familiaris) form attachment bonds to their owners and that the strengths of the attachment can vary. However, it does not seem reasonable to believe that all dogs share the same attachment style, considering their differences in genetic background,...
Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat
Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.
Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...
Evaluating the efficacy of equine therapy among at-risk youth: a meta-analysis
Contributor(s):: Wilkie, K. D., Germain, S., Theule, J.
The present meta-analysis examined the efficacy of equine therapy among an at-risk youth population. Seven studies quantitatively assessed the treatment effects following involvement in an equine therapy program. The random effects model was used to aggregate each study into an overall effect...
A survey of veterinarians' attitudes toward euthanasia of companion animals in Japan
Contributor(s):: Sugita, H., Irimajiri, M.
This study investigated veterinarians' attitudes toward euthanasia of companion animals in Japan. A nationwide survey was conducted with 932 veterinarians in small animal practices. It examined the number of times they administered euthanasia, their moral criteria for choosing euthanasia for...
The impact of therapeutic riding for people with disabilities on variables related to mental health
Contributor(s):: Schneider, M. S., Harley, L. P.
Substantial anecdotal evidence and some research indicate that therapeutic riding for people with disabilities has a positive impact on mental health. There is similar evidence showing that equine programs that include a psychotherapeutic component also have a positive impact. However, much of...
Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species
Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.
This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...
Do all dogs go to heaven? Investigating the association between demographic characteristics and beliefs about animal afterlife
Contributor(s):: Royal, K. D., Kedrowicz, A. A., Snyder, A. M.
The purpose of this research was to explore American's beliefs about animal afterlife based on key demographic factors such as sex, race/ethnicity, age, geographic region, religion/faith, and pet ownership. We attained a large and diverse sample of respondents (n=800) using Amazon's Mechanical...
Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris) in central India
Contributor(s):: Reddy, C. S., Reuven, Yosef
To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...
Judging a dog by its cover: morphology but not training influences visitor behavior toward kenneled dogs at animal shelters
Contributor(s):: Protopopova, A., Wynne, C. D. L.
Currently, visitor behavior in companion animal shelters is not adequately explored. A sequence of experiments investigated how visitors interacted with kenneled dogs at an animal shelter and whether training dogs to not engage in undesirable behavior in their kennels would evoke more interest...