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  1. Childhood experiences with family pets and internalizing symptoms in early adulthood

    Contributor(s):: Girardi, A., Pozzulo, J. D.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether childhood experiences with family pets are associated with symptoms of depression and anxiety in early adulthood. Undergraduate students ( n=318) responded to an online survey that included questions about bonding with childhood pets, exposure...

  2. The psychological and physiological effects of using a therapy dog in mindfulness training

    Contributor(s):: Henry, C. L., Crowley, S. L.

    The present study was a randomized controlled trial examining the psychological and physiological effects of adding animal-assisted therapy (AAT) to a modified Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program (MBSR) for clients experiencing psychological distress. It was hypothesized that AAT would...

  3. Does physical contact with a dog or person affect performance of a working memory task?

    Contributor(s):: Gee, N. R., Friedmann, E., Coglitore, V., Fisk, A., Stendahl, M.

    Working memory (WM) plays a critical role in the execution of a wide variety of cognitive tasks and predicts academic success. This study was designed to compare the impact of the presence of a dog or a person, and physical contact with them, on the performance of a WM task. It also examined...

  4. Consumption of domestic cat in Madagascar: frequency, purpose, and health implications

    Contributor(s):: Czaja, R., Wills, A., Hanitriniaina, S., Reuter, K. E., Sewall, B. J.

    The domestic cat Felis catus has a long history of interaction with humans, and is found throughout the world as a household pet and a feral animal. Despite people's often sentimental association with cats, cat meat is sometimes consumed by them; this practice can have important implications for...

  5. An experience sampling approach to investigating associations between pet presence and indicators of psychological wellbeing and mood in older Australians

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, P. C., Trigg, J. L., Godber, T., Brown, C.

    In this study we examined associations between pet ownership and presence and indicators of psychological wellbeing in older Australians, using an innovative, experience sampling methodology and a community-living sample of 68 adults, including 41 pet owners, all aged over 65 years. In response...

  6. Undergraduate biology students' interpretations of the term "animal"

    Contributor(s):: Bierema, A. M. K., Schwartz, R. S.

    Multiple definitions of the term "animal" exist. Definitions include the scientific definition of kingdom Animalia, the human-centered definition that excludes humans, and other definitions, such as only vertebrates or even only mammals. Due to their education background and interests,...

  7. Mandated reporting of suspected animal harm by Australian veterinarians: community attitudes

    Contributor(s):: Acutt, D., Signal, T., Taylor, N.

    Research demonstrates that animal abuse is linked with various forms of interpersonal violence and that veterinarians themselves are concerned about this link. However, Australian veterinarians are not currently mandated to report cases of suspected animal abuse (AA), a position outlined by the...

  8. A survey of companion-animal owners affected by the East Japan Great Earthquake in Iwate and Fukushima Prefectures, Japan

    Contributor(s):: Yamazaki, S.

    The unprecedented East Japan Great Earthquake in March 2011 impacted many humans as well as animals. To date, only national surveys that do not necessarily focus on the heavily impacted areas have been administered, and there is a lack of data on the situation for companion animals and their...

  9. Companion animals and loneliness: a systematic review of quantitative studies

    Contributor(s):: Gilbey, A., Tani, K.

    The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate quantitative studies of companion animals and human loneliness. Five electronic databases (PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, Academic Search Premier, PsychInfo) were searched for articles on companion animals (including animal-assisted therapies...

  10. Do birdwatchers care about bird disturbance?

    Contributor(s):: Weston, M. A., Guay, P. J., McLeod, E. M., Miller, K. K.

    Little is known about how non-consumptive recreationists perceive their impacts on animals and how this relates to recreationist behavior. We surveyed attitudes and behaviors relating to bird disturbance of 179 birdwatchers who visited a world-renowned, restricted-access birdwatching destination...

  11. Human-insect relationships: an ANTless story? children's, adolescents', and young adults' ways of characterizing social insects

    Contributor(s):: Sammet, R., Andres, H., Dreesmann, D.

    Ants may serve as powerful model organisms for uncovering principles of insect biology and social behavior. The aim of this study was to provide a quantitative analysis of secondary-school students' perceptions and knowledge of ants. It was part of a longitudinal project based on the concept of...

  12. Human-spider entanglements: understanding and managing the good, the bad, and the venomous

    Contributor(s):: Lemelin, R. H., Yen, A.

    Considering the fear that spiders can generate in humans, examining human-spider interactions in urban settings may at first glance appear odd. However, human-spider interactions, which occur quite frequently in urban settings, do not necessarily have to be negative; they can, in some cases,...

  13. Local insects as flagship species to promote nature conservation? A survey among primary school children on their attitudes toward invertebrates

    Contributor(s):: Schlegel, J., Breuer, G., Rupf, R.

    Flagship species play an important role in promoting nature conservation. However, although the significance of invertebrates in biodiversity and ecosystem services is undisputed, they are rarely used as flagship species. A focused approach to better understand the drivers of differences in...

  14. Persistence during tasks with horses in relation to social support, general self-efficacy and self-esteem in adolescents

    Contributor(s):: Hauge, H., Kvalem, I. L., Enders-Slegers, M. J., Berget, B., Braastad, B. O.

    In young people, interactions with horses may contribute to the development of social skills and self-efficacy. Our aim was to identify relationships between psychological variables and young people's experience of activities with horses. Participants in this study were 13-15-year-old adolescents...

  15. Physical activity and welfare of guide dogs and walking activity of their partners

    Contributor(s):: Yamamoto, M., Yamamoto, M. M., Hart, L. A.

    Appropriate physical activity is beneficial for physical and psychosocial wellbeing, and it is recommended for people to have 30 minutes of activity on most days of the week, to yield 150 minutes per week. Getting sufficient physical activity particularly challenges people with visual...

  16. Public knowledge of, and attitudes to, frogs in Colombia

    Contributor(s):: Jimenez, J. N., Lindemann-Matthies, P.

    People's response to the decline of biodiversity and their support for conservation measures depends on their knowledge of biodiversity and their attitudes to local species. This study is one of the first to investigate public knowledge of, and attitudes to, frogs in South America. We chose two...

  17. Social provisions of the human-animal relationship amongst 30 people living with HIV in Australia

    Contributor(s):: Hutton, V. E.

    Research on the relationship between humans and animals has identified some links between companion animals and physiological, psychological, and social benefits for the human. Adopting Robert Weiss's (1974) Theory of Social Provisions as a framework, this qualitative study explores the role of...

  18. Stress levels in dogs, and its recognition by their handlers, during animal-assisted therapy in a prison

    Contributor(s):: Koda, N., Watanabe, G., Miyaji, Y., Ishida, A., Miyaji, C.

    The stress on dogs and their handlers during animal-assisted therapy in a prison programme was evaluated using questionnaires and measurement of the dogs' saliva cortisol concentrations before and after the sessions. Their handlers were volunteers who underwent training classes with their pet...

  19. The children's treatment of animals questionnaire: a Rasch analysis

    Contributor(s):: McDonald, S. E., Vidacovich, C., Ascione, F. R., Williams, J. H., Green, K. E.

    The study of human-animal interactions is limited by a paucity of empirically validated measures of humane treatment of companion animals. The current study reports findings from a psychometric analysis of the Children's treatment of animals Questionnaire (CTAQ; thompson and Gullone 2003), an...

  20. The meaning of companion animals for children and adolescents with autism: the parents' perspective

    Contributor(s):: Bystrom, K. M., Persson, C. A. L.

    The aim of this study was to understand parents' perspectives on how children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) benefit from a relationship with companion animals. Parents were invited to participate in focus-group discussions. One open-ended question with follow- up questions...