Relationship between attachment to owners and separation anxiety in pet dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris )
Contributor(s):: Parthasarathy, V., Crowell-Davis, S. L.
Dogs' dysfunctional attachment relationships with their owners are assumed to be the underlying cause of separation anxiety. Thirty-two dogs with and 43 dogs without owner-reported separation anxiety (SA) participated in a formal attachment test (AT). After the AT, the dogs were videotaped for 30...
An augmented reality system for the treatment of phobia to small animals viewed via an optical see-through HMD: Comparison with a similar system viewed via a video see-through HMD
Contributor(s):: Juan, M. Carmen, Calatrava, Jérôme
Creating a therapeutic and healing environment with a pet therapy program
Contributor(s):: Coakley, A. B., Mahoney, E. K.
Dog Gone Good: Managing dog phobia in a teenage boy with a learning disability
Contributor(s):: Newman, Craig, Adams, Katie
Familiarity increases consistency in animal tests
Contributor(s):: van Driel, K. S., Talling, J. C.
To soothe the savage breast
Contributor(s):: Rosenthal, Ted L.
A comparison of the calving behaviour of farmed adult and yearling red deer ( Cervus elaphus ) hinds
Contributor(s):: Wass, J. A., Pollard, J. C., Littlejohn, R. P.
Mortality of newborn red deer (Cervus elaphus) calves is a major concern on New Zealand farms, as perinatal losses average approximately 10% of calves born. Primiparous red deer (calving as yearlings) lose more calves than multiparous hinds (adults). We performed a study on yearling and adult red...
An evaluation of serum prolactin in anxious dogs and response to treatment with selegiline or fluoxetine
Contributor(s):: Pageat, P., Lafont, C., Falewee, C., Bonnafous, L., Gaultier, E., Silliart, B.
Defining objective, reproducible and standardized parameters for the evaluation of patients is one of the main academic focuses of veterinary behaviour medicine. Prolactin, a peptidic neurohormone and a cytokine, whose main regulator is dopamine, seems to be of particular interest in relation to...
Assessment of equine temperament by a questionnaire survey to caretakers and evaluation of its reliability by simultaneous behavior test
Contributor(s):: Momozawa, Y., Ono, T., Sato, F., Kikusui, T., Takeuchi, Y., Mori, Y., Kusunose, R.
We carried out a questionnaire survey of the caretakers, using 86 riding horses kept in the Equestrian Park, Tokyo (Japan Racing Association). The questionnaire survey used a 5-point scale and a 3-point scale to assess several caretakers' impressions of each horse's temperament, on the basis of...
Day-old chicks categorised on latency to peck, exhibit a stable fear pattern until 15 days of age
Contributor(s):: Salvatierra, N. A., Arce, A.
Day-old chicks (n=24) of both sexes were individually categorized on the latency to peck pebbles and termed as high latency (HL), moderate latency (ML) or low latency (LL). Anxiolytic doses of diazepam diminished the latency only in the HL category, suggesting that it is the most anxious...
Differences in background and outcome of three behavior problems of dogs
Contributor(s):: Takeuchi, Y., Ogata, N., Houpt, K. A., Scarlett, J. M.
In order to characterize the three major behaviour problems, aggression toward owners, aggression toward strangers and separation anxiety, backgrounds of dogs and general outcomes of the behavioural treatments were analyzed retrospectively. There were 169 cases of aggression toward owners, 84...
Long-term effects of tryptophan on behavioural response and growing-furring performance in silver fox ( Vulpes vulpes )
Contributor(s):: Rouvinen, K., Archbold, S., Laffin, S., Harri, M.
The effects of dietary tryptophan (TRP) supplementation on behavioural response, body weight, feed intake and winter fur development were assessed in silver fox pups from 28 July until 5 December 1997. Ten males and 10 females received a commercial fox ration (control) and 10 males and 10 females...
Stimulation of serotonin (5-HT) activity reduces spontaneous stereotypies in female but not in male bank voles ( Clethrionomys glareolus ). Stereotyping female voles as a new animal model for human anxiety and mood disorders?
Contributor(s):: Schoenecker, B., Heller, K. E.
Spontaneously stereotyping female and male bank voles were injected daily (except on days assigned for monitoring behaviour) during 3 weeks with placebo, the neurolepticum clozapine or the SSRI antidepressant citalopram. Clozapine blocks dopamine (DA) receptors and acts as a partial serotonin...
The treatment of phobias in the dog
Contributor(s):: Walker, R., Fisher, J., Neville, P.
Since 1992 the authors have been compiling a casebook of detailed histories of canine phobia. As the work progressed modifications were made to the diagnostic criteria of anxiety in the dog. A combination of phenobarbitone with propranolol was used with perceived success supported by anecdotal...
Treatment of separation anxiety in dogs with clomipramine: results from a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter clinical trial
Contributor(s):: King, J. N., Simpson, B. S., Overall, K. L., Appleby, D., Pageat, P., Ross, C., Chaurand, J. P., Heath, S., Beata, C., Weiss, A. B., Muller, G., Paris, T., Bataille, B. G., Parker, J., Petit, S., Wren, J.
The efficacy and tolerability of clomipramine in the treatment of separation anxiety in dogs was tested in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, international multicentre clinical trial. For a diagnosis of separation anxiety, dogs had to exhibit at least one...
Veterinary behavioural medicine. Selected papers presented at the 5th Biennial International Conference on Veterinary Behavioural Medicine, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, 14-16 July 2005
Contributor(s):: Mills, D., Landsberg, G.
This issue contains papers on normal behaviour and behavioural problems of dogs and approaches on how to manage these problems, including training and drug therapy.
Aggression, fearfulness and coping styles in female pigs
Contributor(s):: Janczak, A. M., Pedersen, L. J., Bakken, M.
The coping styles hypothesis states that animals have consistent behavioural and physiological coping responses that can be characterised on a continuum from reactive to proactive. According to this hypothesis, animals can be characterised by consistency in responses across social and non-social...
Behavioural differences in sub-adult female mice exposed to a murine elevated plus-maze: correlated effects of selection for high litter size
Contributor(s):: Janczak, A. M., Sandem, A. I., Bakken, M.
The present experiment compared the anxiety- and activity-related behaviour of sub-adult females from a mouse strain selected for over 106 generations for high litter size with that of a randomly selected control strain, to illuminate possible differences in their ability to cope with exposure to...
Behavioural evaluation of methods for assessing fear responses in weaned pigs
Contributor(s):: Andersen, I. L., Boe, K. E., Foerevik, G., Janczak, A. M., Bakken, M.
Models of anxiety and fear of novelty were evaluated using correlations and principal component analysis. A total of 84 pigs (Landrace x Yorkshire) from 9 different litters were subjected to a tonic immobility (TI) test at the age of 2.5 weeks, an elevated plus-maze (EPM) at the age of 6 weeks, a...
Effects of diazepam on the behaviour of weaned pigs in three putative models of anxiety
Contributor(s):: Andersen, I. L., Faerevik, G., Boe, K. E., Janczak, A. M., Bakken, M.
The present study examined the effects of diazepam (a widely used anxiolytic benzodiazepine) on the behavioural response of pigs to three novel experimental situations used to measure anxiety-related behaviour in rodents. Twelve weaned pigs (two pairs from each of the three litters) were tested...