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  1. Conflict and reconciliation behavior trends of the bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops truncatus )

    Contributor(s):: Holobinko, A., Waring, G. H.

    Wild bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) populations display societal structures characterized by numerous and frequent changes in group composition, complex social relationships, and high levels of cooperation, attributes also observed in human and nonhuman primate cultures. Maintaining...

  2. Critique of a Critique: Do Zoos and Aquariums Promote Attitude Change in Visitors?

    Contributor(s):: Falk, J. H., Heimlich, J. E., Vernon, C. L., Bronnenkant, K.

  3. Do Zoos and Aquariums Promote Attitude Change in Visitors? A Critical Evaluation of the American Zoo and Aquarium Study

    Contributor(s):: Marino, L., Lilienfeld, S. O., Malamud, R., Nobis, N., Broglio, R.

  4. Current issues in fish welfare

    Contributor(s):: Huntingford, F. A., Adams, C., Braithwaite, V. A., Kadri, S., Pottinger, T. G., Sandoe, P., Turnbull, J. F.

    This article presents a broad overview of the current understanding of a number of issues relating to the welfare of cultured and wild fish. Relationships between science, ethics and welfare; the perception of fear and pain; the costs and benefits of human interactions with fishes; natural...

  5. Increased number of whistles of bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus , arising from interaction with people

    Contributor(s):: Akiyama, J., Ohta, M.

    The acoustic mode is the most reasonable means for social animals such as dolphins to maintain contact in the underwater habitat, and has been developed since they moved to the sea. This study investigates variations in dolphin vocalizations under the following conditions in a captive...

  6. Latitudinal variation in diet and patterns of human interaction in the marine otter

    Contributor(s):: Mangel, J. C., Whitty, T., Medina-Vogel, G., Alfaro-Shigueto, J., Caceres, C., Godley, B. J.

    The marine otter (Lontra felina) inhabits patches of rocky coastline from central Peru to southern Chile and is classified as Endangered by the IUCN. Given the limited information available about the species, we set out to assess marine otter diet with a view to detecting latitudinal differences,...

  7. Moral and empirical dimensions of human-animal interactions in ecotourism: deepening an otherwise shallow pool of debate

    Contributor(s):: Fennell, D., Nowaczek, A.

    Although ecotourism is often theorised as a hard path and ecocentric, in the last decade such travel has softened to accommodate heightened demand in a growing number of regions, and the inclusion of other more consumptive types of activities. In light of these changes, we focus on the moral...

  8. Animal welfare and organic aquaculture in open systems

    Contributor(s):: Cottee, S. Y., Petersan, P.

    The principles of organic farming espouse a holistic approach to agriculture that promotes sustainable and harmonious relationships amongst the natural environment, plants and animals, as well as regard for animals' physiological and behavioral needs. However, open aquaculture systems - both...

  9. Beneath the straw: in defense of participatory adaptive management

    Contributor(s):: Evans, J. M., Wilkie, A. C., Burkhardt, J.

    Our recent paper (Evans et al., Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics (JAEE) (2008) 21(6), 512-539) advocating adaptive management of invasive nonnative (aquatic plant) species (INS) in Kings Bay, Florida received detailed responses from both Daniel Simberloff (JAEE (2009) 22(1),...

  10. Can export-oriented aquaculture in developing countries be sustainable and promote sustainable development? The shrimp case

    Contributor(s):: Rivera-Ferre, M. G.

    Industrial shrimp farming has been promoted by international development and financial institutions in coastal indebted poor countries as a way to obtain foreign exchange earnings, reimburse external debt, and promote development. The promotion of the shrimp industry is a clear example of a more...

  11. Consumer attitudes towards the development of animal-friendly husbandry systems

    Contributor(s):: Frewer, L. J., Kole, A., Kroon, S. M. A. van de, Lauwere, C. de

    Recent policy developments in the area of livestock husbandry have suggested that, from the perspective of optimizing animal welfare, new animal husbandry systems should be developed that provide opportunities for livestock animals to be raised in environments where they are permitted to engage...

  12. Developing the ethical Delphi. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)

    Contributor(s):: Millar, K., Thorstensen, E., Tomkins, S., Mepham, B., Kaiser, M.

    A number of EU institutions and government committees across Europe have expressed interest in developing methods and decision-support tools to facilitate consideration of the ethical dimensions of biotechnology assessment. As part of the work conducted in the EC supported project on ethical...

  13. Developing the Ethical Matrix as a decision support framework: GM fish as a case study. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)

    Contributor(s):: Kaiser, M., Millar, K., Thorstensen, E., Tomkins, S.

    The Ethical Matrix was developed to help decision-makers explore the ethical issues raised by agri-food biotechnologies. Over the decade since its inception the Ethical Matrix has been used by a number of organizations and the philosophical basis of the framework has been discussed and analyzed...

  14. Ethical analysis of the use of GM fish: emerging issues for aquaculture development. (Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food.)

    Contributor(s):: Millar, K., Tomkins, S.

    Improvements in production methods over the last two decades have resulted in aquaculture becoming a significant contributor to food production in many countries. Increased efficiency and production levels are off-setting unsustainable capture fishing practices and contributing to food security,...

  15. Ethical opportunities in global agriculture, fisheries, and forestry: the role for FAO

    Contributor(s):: Macer, D. R. J., Bhardwaj, M., Maekawa, F., Niimura, Y.

    A broad range of ethical issues in agriculture, fisheries, and forestry were identified by analysis of the literature and by interviews with Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) staff. Issues include: sharing access to and preserving natural resources; introduction of new technology;...

  16. Moving beyond strawmen and artificial dichotomies: adaptive management when an endangered species uses an invasive one

    Contributor(s):: Simberloff, D.

    Evans et al. (Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 2008) have attempted to enmesh me in their dispute with the Florida Bureau of Invasive Plant Management about a specific system, Kings Bay/Crystal River. In so doing, they repeatedly mischaracterize my positions in order to depict,...

  17. Perspectives on salmon feed: a deliberative assessment of several alternative feed resources

    Contributor(s):: Gillund, F., Myhr, A. I.

    The future of salmon aquaculture depends on the adoption of alternative feed resources in order to reduce the need for fish meal and fish oil. This may include resources such as species from lower trophic levels, by-products and by-catch from fisheries and aquaculture, animal by-products, plants,...

  18. Special Issue: Animal welfare in a broad perspective. Papers from the Nordic Network of Agriculture and Food Ethics. (Special Issue: Animal welfare in a broad perspective. Papers from the Nordic Network of Agriculture and Food Ethics.)

    Contributor(s):: Rocklinsberg, H., Gjerris, M.

    This special issue is a compilation of articles from dispersed research groups and individual PhD students which focus on interdisciplinary works on animal welfare involved in Nordic agri-aquaculture field and food ethics. Topics discussed are: how to consider the value of farm animals in...

  19. Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food. (Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food.)

    Contributor(s):: Lien, M. E., Anthony, R.

    This special issue examines how best to manage food production, distribution and consumption in an ethically viable manner. This issue consists of five papers. The first paper explains the differences between US and EU policies on genetically modified food and crops. The second paper explores the...

  20. Sustainable aquaculture: are we getting there? Ethical perspectives on salmon farming. (Special Issue: Animal welfare in a broad perspective. Papers from the Nordic Network of Agriculture and Food Ethics.)

    Contributor(s):: Olesen, I., Myhr, A. I., Rosendal, G. K.

    Aquaculture is the fastest growing animal producing sector in the world and is expected to play an important role in global food supply. Along with this growth, concerns have been raised about the environmental effects of escapees and pollution, fish welfare, and consumer health as well as the...