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  1. METHODS FOR MULTISPECIES ANTHROPOLOGY: Thinking with Salmon Otoliths and Scales

    Contributor(s):: Swanson, Heather Anne

  2. Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos

    Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.

    Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...

  3. In the water with white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia

    Contributor(s):: Apps, K., Dimmock, K., Lloyd, D., Huveneers, C.

    White shark (Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...

  4. In the water with white sharks ( Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia

    Contributor(s):: Apps, K., Dimmock, K., Lloyd, D., Huveneers, C.

    White shark ( Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...

  5. Are farmed salmon more prone to risk than wild salmon? Susceptibility of juvenile farm, hybrid and wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. to an artificial predator

    Contributor(s):: Solberg, M. F., Zhang, ZhiWei, Glover, K. A.

    Offspring of farmed Atlantic salmon have been documented to display lower survival than the offspring of wild salmon in the wild. It has been suggested that reduced survival of farmed salmon offspring in the wild could, in part, be explained by increased susceptibility to predation through...

  6. Linking risk taking and the behavioral and metabolic responses to confinement stress in gilthead seabream Sparus aurata

    Contributor(s):: Herrera, M., Castanheira, M. F., Conceicao, L. E. C., Martins, C. I.

    Risk taking and avoidance responses during confinement have been identified in a variety of species, including fish. In addition, differences in metabolic rate have also been attributed to divergent personalities, coping styles or behavioral types. In this study we disclose for the first time a...

  7. The effect of land based seal watching tourism on the haul-out behaviour of harbour seals ( Phoca vitulina) in Iceland

    Contributor(s):: Granquist, S. M., Sigurjonsdottir, H.

    The effect of land-based seal watching on the haul-out pattern of harbour seals ( Phoca vitulina) was investigated between June and August of 2008-2010 on Vatnsnes, NW Iceland. The results showed that the behaviour and spatial haul-out pattern of seals was affected by the tourists. In 2009 the...

  8. Use of conditioned place preference/avoidance tests to assess affective states in fish

    Contributor(s):: Millot, S., Cerqueira, M., Castanheira, M. F., Overli, O., Martins, C. I. M., Oliveira, R. F.

    Animal welfare has been defined as the balance between positive and negative experiences or affective states. Despite the growing evidence of complex cognitive abilities and the expression of affective states such as pain and fear, very little is known about ability to experience memory based...

  9. The impact of animal welfare advertising on opposition to the Canadian seal hunt and willingness to boycott the Canadian seafood industry

    Contributor(s):: Braunsberger, K.

    The purpose of this research was to measure and compare the initial and carryover effects of a video advertisement developed by an animal welfare organization, namely Harpseals. org. The ad was designed to educate the public about an egregious act against wildlife (i.e., the Canadian seal hunt),...

  10. Behavioural responses of Argentine coastal dusky dolphins Lagenorhynchus obscurus to a biopsy pole system

    Contributor(s):: Loizaga de Castro, R., Hoelzel, A. R., Crespo, E. A.

  11. Genetic differences for behaviour in juveniles from two strains of brown trout suggest an effect of domestication history

    Contributor(s):: Benhaim, D., Guyomard, R., Chatain, B., Quillet, E., Begout, M. L.

  12. The effect of morphine on changes in behaviour and physiology in intraperitoneally vaccinated Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar)

    Contributor(s):: Nordgreen, J., Bjorge, M. H., Janczak, A. M., Poppe, T., Koppang, E. O., Ranheim, B., Horsberg, T. E.

  13. The positional quality of life and death: a theory of human-animal relations in animism

    Contributor(s):: Praet, I.

  14. The time budget of Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar) held in enriched tanks

    Contributor(s):: Nordgreen, J., Bjorge, M. H., Janczak, A. M., Hovland, A. L., Moe, R. O., Ranheim, B., Horsberg, T. E.

  15. Utilising spatial distribution in two-tank systems to investigate the level of aversiveness to crowding in farmed rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss

    Contributor(s):: Laursen, D. C., Andersson, M. A., Silva, P. I. M., Petersson, E., Hoglund, E.

  16. Medieval and early modern whaling in Portugal

    Contributor(s):: Brito, C.

    Mainland Portugal is not renowned for having been a whaling nation of significance. However, preliminary studies have brought to light enough historical references to suggest that whaling occurred from at least the 13th century, and the present work identifies 38 historical sources documenting...

  17. Dolphin therapy

    Contributor(s):: Gouva, E., Ergolavou, A., Paschos, I., Perdikaris, C., Nathanailides, C., Damigou, N., Athanasopoulou, F.

    Dolphin therapy emerged during the 1950s. The work of Dr. John Lilly played an important role, since he investigated the impact of dolphins on disabled people. From 1978 onwards, the therapeutic aid of dolphins was further advanced, especially after the success of Dr Davis Nathanson with...

  18. Behavioural responses of juvenile Steller sea lions to hot-iron branding

    Contributor(s):: Walker, K. A., Mellish, J. A. E., Weary, D. M.

    Here we present the first data showing the post-branding behavioural responses in a marine mammal. Eleven captive juvenile Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) were observed for 3 days before and 3 days after hot-iron branding. Four of six monitored behaviours changed significantly after...

  19. Developing fish passage and protection at hydropower dams. (Special issue: Fish Behaviour and Welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Schilt, C. R.

    The development of waterways, for hydropower and other industrial uses, has substantially altered many of the freshwater habitats of the planet and this has had considerable impact upon aquatic organisms. Industrial changes in aquatic ecosystems, including hydropower development, can restrict or...

  20. Does participation in Dolphin-Human Interaction Programs affect bottlenose dolphin behaviour?

    Contributor(s):: Trone, M., Kuczaj, S., Solangi, M.

    The present study quantified the daily (short-term) and monthly (long-term) behavioural repertoires of three dolphins that participated in Dolphin Interaction Programs with paying guests. Behavioural data were collected over a 6-month period, with Dolphin Interaction Programs occurring daily...