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All Categories (1-20 of 445)

  1. A Review of Bunyamwera, Batai, and Ngari Viruses: Understudied Orthobunyaviruses With Potential One Health Implications

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: M. Fausta Dutuze, Manasse Nzayirambaho, Christopher N. Mores, Rebecca C. Christofferson

    Bunyamwera (BUNV), Batai (BATV), and Ngari (NRIV) are mosquito-borne viruses of the Bunyamwera serogroup in the Orthobunyavirus genus of the Bunyaviridae family. These three viruses have been found to cause disease in both livestock animals, avian species, and humans. Thus, these...

  2. Local knowledge held by farmers in Eastern Tyrol (Austria) about the use of plants to maintain and improve animal health and welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Vogl, C. R., Vogl-Lukasser, B., Walkenhorst, M.

    Background: The sustainable management of animal health and welfare is of increasing importance to consumers and a key topic in the organic farming movement. Few systematic studies have been undertaken investigating farmers' local knowledge related to this issue. Ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM) is...

  3. The Human-Animal Interaction Scale: development and evaluation

    | Contributor(s):: Fournier, A. K., Berry, T. D., Letson, E., Chanen, R.

    The purpose of this study was to develop the Human-Animal Interaction Scale (HAIS) and evaluate its reliability and validity. The HAIS is a 24-item self-report instrument designed to describe and quantify behaviors performed by humans and nonhuman animals during an episode of interaction (e.g.,...

  4. The Relationships Among Plants, Animals, and Man in the African Tropical Rain Forest

    | Contributor(s):: Hideaki Terashima

    Interrelationship among man, plants and animals in the Ituri forest is described and analyzed. Plants contribute mainly to establish the material world of forest foragers, and their eternity gives man and animals living in the forest a sense of security and certainty of life. Animals are...

  5. Silvopastoral systems for sustainable animal production and the role of animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Broom, D.

  6. Integrated animal-assisted and plant-assisted ecotherapy for preschool children with speech disturbances: A program for the Arctic

    | Contributor(s):: Kalashnikova, Irina V., Gontar, Oksana B., Zhirov, Vladimir K., Kalashnikov, Andrey O.

  7. Documenting Domestication: New Genetic Archaeological Paradigms

    | Contributor(s):: Melinda A. Zeder

    Dr. Melinda Zeder, Director of Archaeobiology Program at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History delivers a talk at The Ohio State University (125 Scott Lab) about DNA and domestication. Dr. Zeder's lecture is part of a project sponsored by the Battelle Endowment...

  8. Agrobiodiversity under different property regimes

    | Contributor(s):: Timmermann, C., Robaey, Z.

    Having an adequate and extensively recognized resource governance system is essential for the conservation and sustainable use of crop genetic resources in a highly populated planet. Despite the widely accepted importance of agrobiodiversity for future plant breeding and thus food security, there...

  9. Does environmental enrichment promote recovery from stress in rainbow trout?

    | Contributor(s):: Pounder, K. C., Mitchell, J. L., Thomson, J. S., Pottinger, T. G., Buckley, J., Sneddon, L. U.

    The EU Directive on animal experimentation suggests that all protected animals should have enrichment to improve welfare yet relatively little research has been conducted on the impact of enrichment in fish. Studies employing enrichment in zebrafish have been contradictory and all fish species...

  10. Oestrus odours from rats and mares: behavioural responses of sexually naive and experienced rats to natural odours and odorants

    | Contributor(s):: Nielsen, B. L., Jerome, N., Saint-Albin, A., Ouali, C., Rochut, S., Zins, E. L., Briant, C., Guettier, E., Reigner, F., Couty, I., Magistrini, M., Rampin, O.

    Three experiments were conducted to investigate if sexual experience affects the behavioural response of male rats to natural oestrus odours and constituent odorants. In the first experiment, 16 male Brown Norway rats were exposed before and after sexual training to four odours (1-hexanol (herb...

  11. A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto-Juniperus oxycedrus woodland

    | Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.

    Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...

  12. Program animal welfare: using behavioral and physiological measures to assess the well-being of animals used for education programs in zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Baird, B. A., Kuhar, C. W., Lukas, K. E., Amendolagine, L. A., Fuller, G. A., Nemet, J., Willis, M. A., Schook, M. W.

    This study investigates program animal welfare using both behavioral and physiological measures in two separate experiments. In Experiment One, we examined possible differences in behavior and fecal glucocorticoid metabolites (FGM) between education, exhibit and off-exhibit armadillos ( N=59)...

  13. Detection of Verticillium dahliae in olive groves using canine detection units

    | Contributor(s):: Pons Anglad a, L., Calvo Torras, M. dels A.

    Verticillium wilt is one of the most significant agricultural diseases in the world, in view of the fact that not only does it affect olive groves but also a wide variety of fruit, vegetable and ornamental plants. Currently, the most efficient and economical method of control involves the use of...

  14. Endangered plants and animals of Oregon: IV Mammals

    | Contributor(s):: Carl E. Bond, Robert M. Storm, David B. Marshall, James Howard Olterman, B.J. Verts

    The problem of endangered species is effectively stated in Public Law 89-669 which finds that "one of the unfortunate consequences of growth and development in the United States has been the extermination of some native species of fish and wildlife; that serious...

  15. Grass management regimes affect grasshopper availability and subsequently American crow activity at airports

    | Contributor(s):: Kennedy, Laura A., Otter, Ken A.

  16. Microhabitat selection by greater sage-grouse hens during brood rearing

    | Contributor(s):: Mabray, Scott T., Conover, Michael R.

  17. Evaluation of eight repellents in deterring eastern cottontail herbivory in Connecticut

    | Contributor(s):: Williams, Scott C., Short, Michael R.

  18. Influence of egg oiling on colony presence of ring-billed gulls

    | Contributor(s):: DeVault, Travis L., Schmidt, Paige M., Pogmore, Fred E., Gobeille, John, Belant, Jerrold L., Seamans, Thomas W.

  19. Reducing the potential for human-snake encounters in a recreational park

    | Contributor(s):: Carter, Evin T., Attum, Omar, Eads, Bryan C., Hoffman, Andrew S., Kingsbury, Bruce A.

  20. Occurrence and success of greater sage-grouse broods in relation to insect-vegetation community gradients

    | Contributor(s):: Harju, Seth M., Olson, Chad V., Foy-Martin, Lisa, Webb, Stephen L., Dzialak, Matthew R., Winstead, Jeffrey B., Hayden-Wing, Larry D.