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  1. 'A place for everything': moral landscapes of 'swiftlet farming' in George Town, Malaysia

    Contributor(s):: Connolly, C.

    This paper is based on 6 months of ethnographic, multi-sited research in Malaysia, and investigates the relatively recent phenomenon of edible birds' nest farming in urban areas ('swiftlet farming'). Swiftlet farms are typically converted shophouses or other buildings which have been modified for...

  2. Investigating the welfare, management and human-animal interactions of cattle in four Indonesian abattoirs

    Contributor(s):: Doyle, R. E., Coleman, G. J., McGill, D. M., Reed, M., Ramdani, W., Hemsworth, P. H.

    This study reports novel information on the animal handling, management and human-animal interactions in Indonesian cattle abattoirs. The slaughter of 304 cattle was observed and there was a high percentage of re-stuns in all abattoirs (range: 8-18.9%) when compared to a variety of international...

  3. Keeper-animal interactions: differences between the behaviour of zoo animals affect stockmanship

    Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Melfi, V.

    Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...

  4. A role of Fair Trade certification for environmental sustainability

    Contributor(s):: Makita, R.

    Although most studies on the Fair Trade initiative are, to some extent, cognizant of its contribution to environmental sustainability, what the environmental aspect means to Fair Trade has not yet been explored fully. A review of environmental issues in the Fair Trade literature suggests that...

  5. Semi-ownership and sterilisation of cats and dogs in Thailand

    Contributor(s):: Toukhsati, S. R., Phillips, C. J. C., Podberscek, A. L., Coleman, G. J.

    The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of cat and dog semi-ownership in Thailand and factors that predict sterilisation. Semi-ownership was defined as interacting/caring for a companion animal that the respondent does not own, such as a stray cat or dog. A randomised telephone...

  6. Companion animals in Thailand: human factors that predict sterilization of cats and dogs

    Contributor(s):: Toukhsati, S. R., Phillips, C. J. C., Podberscek, A. L., Coleman, G. J.

    The prevalence of companion animal caregiving was estimated, and demographic and psychosocial factors that predict sterilization behaviors in caregivers in Thailand were identified. Thai nationals ( n=494) were recruited by random for the Culture and Human-Animal Interactions (CHAI) telephone...

  7. Social group formation and genetic relatedness in reintroduced Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus) in Thailand

    Contributor(s):: Thitaram, C., Dejchaisri, S., Somgird, C., Angkawanish, T., Brown, J., Phumphuay, R., Chomdech, S., Kangwanpong, D.

    Captive-held elephants were recruited from several parts of Thailand and released as part of a reintroduction project. Wild elephants with a herd matriarch generally contain the same matrilineal line and are genetically related. However, reintroduced elephants are less likely to be related, but...

  8. A means-end chain approach to explaining the adoption of good agricultural practices certification schemes: the case of Malaysian vegetable farmers

    Contributor(s):: Tey, YeongSheng, Arsil, P., Brindal, M., Shamsudin, M. N., Radam, A., Ahmad Hanis, I. A. H., Natasha, Rajendran, Lim, ChinDing

    Good agricultural practices (GAP) certification schemes have been promoted to enhance agricultural sustainability. This study seeks to explain the adoption of GAP certification schemes through an analysis of the role of personal values in guiding such choice. It is a departure from approaches...

  9. Stunning Australia

    Contributor(s):: Probyn-Rapsey, F.

  10. Factors influencing stereotypic behaviours of animals rescued from Asian animal markets: a slow loris case study

    Contributor(s):: Moore, R. S., Cabana, F., Nekaris, K. A. I.

    Illegal wildlife trade has devastating effects on wild populations in Southeast Asia, made evident from the rising numbers of threatened species found in rescue centres. The prevalence of slow lorises ( Nycticebus spp.) in trade allows for the first time, a study of the response of wild-caught...

  11. Cultivating greater well-being: the benefits Thai organic farmers experience from adopting Buddhist eco-spirituality

    Contributor(s):: Kaufman, A. H., Mock, J.

    Organic farming is spreading throughout Asia, including in Thailand. Little is known about whether farmers' values change as they make the shift from conventional farming to organic farming. The benefits farmers perceive from making the shift have also scarcely been studied. We investigated these...

  12. Participatory methods for the assessment of the ownership status of free-roaming dogs in Bali, Indonesia, for disease control and animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Morters, M. K., Bharadwaj, S., Whay, H. R., Cleaveland, S., Damriyasa, I. M., Wood, J. L. N.

    The existence of unowned, free-roaming dogs capable of maintaining adequate body condition without direct human oversight has serious implications for disease control and animal welfare, including reducing effective vaccination coverage against rabies through limiting access for vaccination, and...

  13. Distressed animal behaviors and some recommendations for improvements at the Kuala Lumpur Zoo, Malaysia

    Contributor(s):: Amber, Haque

    The artificial living conditions of captive animals present numerous challenges for animal caretakers. In this study I explored abnormal behaviors in certain caged animals at the Kuala Lumpur Zoo. Findings obtained from observations of animals and interviews of the zoo staff are followed by...

  14. Effects of single-use and group-use enrichment on stereotypy and intragroup aggressive and affiliative behaviors of a social group of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) at the Singapore Zoo

    Contributor(s):: Sha, J., Han, S., Marlena, D., Kee, J.

    Four food-based enrichment devices were used to test the effects of single-use and group-use enrichment devices on stereotypy, intragroup aggression, and affiliation in a compatible group of 5 squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). All enrichment devices were found to reduce overall stereotypic...

  15. Ethics and welfare in Southeast Asian Zoos

    Contributor(s):: Govindasamy, Agoramoorthy

    The Southeast Asian Zoos Association (SEAZA) is the only major zoological organization connecting about 90 zoos and recreational parks in the region. The Ethics and Welfare Committee of SEAZA established the zoo evaluation procedure in 1998 to assess ethics and animal welfare situation in zoos....

  16. Socialization of a single hand-reared tiger cub

    Contributor(s):: Kelling, A. S., Bashaw, M. J., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.

    Given the drawbacks of hand-rearing nonhuman animals in captivity, the practice is generally avoided, but it is sometimes necessary. A few scientific publications are available to guide managers toward best practices in hand-rearing, but the majority of articles focus on hand-rearing captive...

  17. Welfare evaluations of nonhuman animals in selected zoos in the Philippines

    Contributor(s):: Almazan, R. R., Rubio, R. P., Agoramoorthy, G.

    This study evaluated 3 zoos in the Philippines: the Wildlife Rescue Center and Mini Zoo, Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden, and Cavite Botanical and Zoological Park to determine the standards of nonhuman animal welfare. The study measured and compared the cage sizes of various animals to the...

  18. Behavioural assessment of dental pain in captive Malayan sun bears ( Helarctos malayanus)

    Contributor(s):: Fleming, M., Burn, C. C.

    Captive bears are prone to developing dental pathology for reasons including longevity in captivity, inappropriate diet, trauma, and stereotypical bar biting. If not detected, this can cause pain and suffering, with negative welfare consequences. As animals cannot verbally express feelings,...

  19. Special Issue: Ethical aspects of large-scale land acquisition in developing countries

    Contributor(s):: Voget-Kleschin, L., Ott, K.

    This special issue aims at investigating large-scale land acquisitions (LaSLA) from an ethical perspective. It encompasses four case studies, namely the case of Limphasa Sugar Corporation in Malawi, financed by a Malawian and some British Investors; Chinese-based land-acquisitions in Cambodia; a...

  20. The politics and ethics of land concessions in rural Cambodia

    Contributor(s):: Neef, A., Touch, S., Chiengthong, J.

    In rural Cambodia the rampant allocation of state land to political elites and foreign investors in the form of "Economic Land Concessions (ELCs)" - estimated to cover an area equivalent to more than 50% of the country's arable land - has been associated with encroachment on farmland, community...