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Welfare Problems in Cattle, Pigs, and Sheep that Persist Even Though Scientific Research Clearly Shows How to Prevent Them
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| Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin
Great strides have been made to improve animal welfare. Unfortunately, there are certain problems that continue to persist. The causes of these problems range from a lack of financial accountability for losses, failure to measure them, or repeating old mistakes. Some examples of persistent...
The Sheltering of Unwanted Cattle, Experiences in India and Implications for Cattle Industries Elsewhere
| Contributor(s):: Uttara Kennedy, Arvind Sharma, Clive J.C. Phillips
Reverence for the cow has been a centerpiece of Hindu culture, the roots of which can be traced back to the Indus Valley Civilization around 3000 BCE. Historical and anthropological literature demonstrates how over the millennia the animal’s status as a religious symbol steadily increased...
Visualising human-animal-technology relations : fieldnotes, still photography and digital video on the robotic dairy farm
| Contributor(s):: Christopher Bear, Lewis Holloway, Katy WIlkinson
This paper explores the potential for developing less anthropocentric approaches to researching human-nonhuman relations through visual ethnography, critically examining the potential for conceptualising nonhuman animals as participants. Arguing that method in “more-than-human...
A Review of Bunyamwera, Batai, and Ngari Viruses: Understudied Orthobunyaviruses With Potential One Health Implications
| Contributor(s):: M. Fausta Dutuze, Manasse Nzayirambaho, Christopher N. Mores, Rebecca C. Christofferson
Bunyamwera (BUNV), Batai (BATV), and Ngari (NRIV) are mosquito-borne viruses of the Bunyamwera serogroup in the Orthobunyavirus genus of the Bunyaviridae family. These three viruses have been found to cause disease in both livestock animals, avian species, and humans. Thus, these...
Should the Contribution of One Additional Lame Cow Depend on How Many Other Cows on the Farm Are Lame?
| Contributor(s):: Peter Sandoe, Bjorn Forkman, Franziska Hakansson, Sine Norlander Andreasen, Rikke Nohr, Matt Denwood, Thomas Boker Lund
Welfare Quality® proposes a system for aggregation according to which the total welfare score for a group of animals is a non-linear effect of the prevalence of welfare scores across the individuals within the group. Three assumptions serve to justify this: (1) experts do not follow a...
Selection of Meat Inspection Data for an Animal Welfare Index in Cattle and Pigs in Denmark
| Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Soren Saxmose Nielson, Matthew James Denwood, Bjorn Forkman, Hans Houe
Despite being important to the general public, the monitoring of animal welfare is not systematic. The Danish political parties agreed in 2012 to establish national animal welfare indices for cattle and pigs, and here we assess the potential for using data from the systematic meat inspection to...
Supporting the Development and Adoption of Automatic Lameness Detection Systems in Dairy Cattle: Effect of System Cost and Performance on Potential Market Shares
| Contributor(s):: Tim Van De Gutcht, Stephanie Van Weyenberg, Annelies Van Nuffel, Ludwig Lauwers, Jurgen Vangeyte, Wouter Saeys
Most automatic lameness detection system prototypes have not yet been commercialized, and are hence not yet adopted in practice. Therefore, the objective of this study was to simulate the effect of detection performance (percentage missed lame cows and percentage false alarms) and system cost on...
Objective Measures for the Assessment of Post-Operative Pain in Bos indicus Bull Calves Following Castration
| Contributor(s):: Gabrielle C. Musk, Stine Jacobsen, Timothy H. Hyndman, Heidi S. Lehmann, S. Jonathon Tuke, Teresa Collins, Karina B. Gleerup, Craig B. Johnson, Michael Laurence
Surgical castration of cattle is a common husbandry procedure, and although this procedure is known to cause pain in cattle and other species, in some countries it is often performed without anaesthesia or analgesia. Society is increasingly aware of this animal welfare issue and it is creating...
Tech-Savvy Beef Cattle? How Heifers Respond to Moving Virtual Fence Lines
| Contributor(s):: Dana L. M. Campbell, Jim M. Lea, William J. Farrer, Sally J. Haynes, Caroline Lee
Global Positioning System (GPS)-based virtual fences offer the potential to improve the management of grazing animals. Prototype collar devices utilising patented virtual fencing algorithms were placed on six Angus heifers in a 6.15 hectare paddock. After a “no fence” period,...
On farm welfare assessment of beef cattle using an environmentally-based welfare index and investigation of the human-animal relationship
| Contributor(s):: Bernadette Earley, Mickael Mazurek, Margaret Murray, Daniel J. Prendiville
On farm welfare assessment of beef cattle using an environmentally-based welfare index and investigation of the human-animal relationship. Study 1. Animal welfare index (AWI): an on-farm survey of beef suckler farms in Ireland. Study 2. Investigation and specificity of behavioural fear responses...
Human/Farm Animal Relationships
| Contributor(s):: Jack L. Albright
There are various combinations of human beings and farm animals. This paper attempts to evaluate those few studies of humans handling farm animals within a prescribed environment. Personality traits of dairy farmers and livestock people as determined by the Eysenck Personality Inventory (Eysenck...
Suomenkarjan käyttö terapiaeläimenä
| Contributor(s):: Anu Kinnunen
Suomen alkuperäiskarjojen annettiin miltei kuolla sukupuuttoon, ennen kuin niiden suojeluun viimein parikymmentä vuotta sitten havahduttiin. Arvokkaan geeniaineksen katoaminen olisi ollut kohtalokasta maamme jalostustyölle ja kotieläinlajien monimuotoisuudelle....
Technology and restructuring the social field of dairy farming: hybrid capitals, 'stockmanship' and Automatic Milking Systems
| Contributor(s):: Butler, D., Holloway, L.
Using Automatic Milking Systems (AMS) as an example we use the work of Bourdieu to illustrate how technology can be seen as restructuring dairy farming practices, what it is to be a dairy farmer, and the wider field of dairy farming. Approaching technology in this way and drawing upon the...
Human-animal interaction: productive impact on the dairy herd. CommunicationInteraccion humano-animal: impacto productivo en rodeos lecheros. Comunicacion
| Contributor(s):: Martinez, G. M., Suarez, V. H., Bertoni, E. A.
Provisioning the ritual neolithic site of Kfar HaHoresh, Israel at the dawn of animal management
| Contributor(s):: Meier, J. S., Goring-Morris, A. N., Munro, N. D.
It is widely agreed that a pivotal shift from wild animal hunting to herd animal management, at least of goats, began in the southern Levant by the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (10,000-9,500 cal. BP) when evidence of ritual activities flourished in the region. As our knowledge of this...
A prospective exploration of farm, farmer, and animal characteristics in human-animal relationships: an epidemiological survey
| Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Boivin, X., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.
Human-animal relationships are essential for dairy farming. They affect work comfort and efficiency, as well as milk production. A poor human-animal relationship can result in stress and accidents to both animals and caretakers and needs to be improved. However, many studies have demonstrated the...
Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling - comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming
| Contributor(s):: Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.
Cattle handling is a dangerous activity on dairy farms, and cows are a major cause of injuries to livestock handlers. Even if dairy cows are generally tranquil and docile, when situations occur that they perceive or remember as aversive, they may become agitated and hazardous to handle. This...
Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans
| Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.
Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...
Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study
| Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.
The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...
Validity and feasibility of human-animal relationship tests for on-farm welfare assessment in dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Battini, M., Barbieri, S., Waiblinger, S., Mattiello, S.
This study aims at establishing suitable tests to measure the quality of the Human-Animal Relationship (HAR) in dairy goats for on-farm welfare assessment protocols by evaluating the predictive validity of different categories of HAR tests and their feasibility in on-farm condition. Twelve...