Inter-species ethics : Australian perspectives : a cross-cultural study of attitudes towards non-human animal species
| Contributor(s):: David Bennett
This thesis presents an Australian-oriented cross-cultural study of attitudes towards non-human animal species. It is divided into three sections. In the first section, ideas and considerations of five Australian philosophers - H.J. McCloskey, John Passmore, Peter Singer, and Val Plumwood and...
Attitudes of different stakeholders toward pig husbandry: a study to determine conflicting and matching attitudes toward animals, humans and the environment
| Contributor(s):: Tamara J. Bergstra, Henk Hogoveen, Elsbeth N. Stassen
The pig sector is struggling with negative attitudes of citizens. This may be the result of conflicting attitudes toward pig husbandry between citizens and other stakeholders. To obtain knowledge about these attitudes, the objectives of this study were (1) to determine and compare attitudes of...
"Subjects-of-a-Life," Entelechy, and Intrinsic Teleology
| Contributor(s):: Josephine Donovan
This article explores the question of what is a “subject-of-a-life,” Tom Regan’s celebrated term for a living entity to whom, he argued, we humans owe ethical duty. I return to ancient concepts of entelechy and teleological organization, arguing that, stripped of theological...
Contributory Role of Pet Attitude, Attachment Styles, Social Support and Loneliness in Well Being of Young Adults
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| Contributor(s):: Tapasri Das, Anindita Chaudhuri
A survey of elderly dog and cat owners and their attitudes to their pets
| Contributor(s):: Y. Tokura, K. Noda, M. Azuma, M. Kato, T. Kobayashi, N. Kajiwara, K. Endo
Parenting a Companion Animal as a Precursor to Parenting a Human Child
| Contributor(s):: Kasey A Travitz, Sandra Lookabaugh
Participants were ten emerging adult (18-29), heterosexual couples who have had a companion animal for at least six months and have no human children. The present study evaluated parenting responsibilities associated with the companion animal including caregiving, expenses, and negotiation....
Geographically Apart, Attitudinally Very Close: A Comparison of Attitudes toward Animals between Romania and Mexico City
| Contributor(s):: Alina S. Rusu, Denisa Pop, Dennis C. Turner
Among other regions, Romania and Mexico (particularly Mexico City) are often cited as problematic areas in surveys and reports on the growing population of stray animals in urban areas. The aim of our study was to adapt for Romanian and Spanish languages usage of an instrument that includes...
Conservation education in free-choice learning environments: the effects of animals and interpretation
| Contributor(s):: Eleanor Hodak
With 150 million people visiting accredited zoos and aquariums annually, these institutions have the unique opportunity to present conservation-oriented messages to a large and receptive audience. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of interpretation and/or the viewing of live...
Perceptions of Pit Bulls and Other Canine Breeds
| Contributor(s):: Mallary A. Paoli
The purpose of this study is to research people’s attitudes towards pit bull breeds compared to other dog breeds. The term “pit bull” refers to a type of dog with certain physical features including a muscular and stocky build, short coats, and a large skull with a square jaw....
Urban business attitudes regarding rodents, rodent control methods, and impact on wildlife
| Contributor(s):: Eva Arndt
Birds of prey and carnivorous mammals feed on small birds, rodents and other small mammals. Humans perceive many of the prey animals of these predators as well as the predators themselves, as “pests”, and seek to control them. Control methods for these unwanted pests, particularly...
Comparison of the characteristics and attitudes of dog adopters from three dog rescue groups
| Contributor(s):: Zelda L. Zimmerman
A web-based survey was conducted to investigate the relationships between adopters and the dogs they adopted from three types of rescue groups/organizations: humane societies, greyhound rescues, and pit bull rescues. The dog selected to adopt can vary for many reasons, one of which is breed...
The construction of a pet attitude scale
| Contributor(s):: Templer, DL, Salter, CA, Dickey, S, Baldwin, R., Veleber, DM
Coping with Dissonance: Psychological Mechanisms that Enable Ambivalent Attitudes Toward Animals
| Contributor(s):: Sophie Veilleux
People generally tend to love and show care for animals. Yet they also purchase and consume animal products that are produced in a way that causes animals great suffering. This critical literature review focuses on the psychological mechanisms that ease or eliminate cognitive tensions associated...
Local Attitudes towards Bear Management after Illegal Feeding and Problem Bear Activity
| Contributor(s):: Sara Dubois, David Fraser
The “pot bears” received international media attention in 2010 after police discovered the intentional feeding of over 20 black bears during the investigation of an alleged marijuana-growing operation in Christina Lake, British Columbia, Canada. A two-phase random digit dialing survey...
Risk perceptions and attitudes toward cougars in the southern foothills of Alberta
| Contributor(s):: Thornton, Clarisse, Quinn, Michael S.
The rapid growth of rural residential development in the southern foothills of Alberta is leading to a more heterogeneous rural population and environment. Human encroachment into cougar habitat may lead to increased instances of cougar-human interactions. Surveys (n = 1,508) were sent to...
Practitioner Attitudes and Beliefs Regarding the Role Animals Play in Human Health
| Contributor(s):: Felicia Trembath
Many studies have evaluated the effectiveness of animals in improving patient outcomes, such as their ability to improve cardiovascular health or alleviate depression symptoms. However, little research has been done to evaluate the beliefs of practitioners about the role that animals can...
The Dark Triad and animal cruelty: Dark personalities, dark attitudes, and dark behaviors
| Contributor(s):: Kavanagh, Phillip S., Signal, Tania D., Taylor, Nik
The Relationship between Empathy and Personality in Undergraduate Students' Attitudes toward Nonhuman Animals
| Contributor(s):: Erlanger, A. C. E., Tsytsarev, S. V.
The majority of research investigating beliefs toward nonhuman animals has focused on vivisection or utilized populations with clear views on animal issues (e.g., animal rights activists). Minimal research has been conducted on what personality factors influence a nonclinical or nonadjudicated...
Attitudes Toward Animals: Age-Related Development Among Children
| Contributor(s):: S.R. Kellert
This paper reviews the results of a study of 267 children in the 2nd, 5th, 8th, and 11th grades. A battery of tests was used to examine children's knowledge and attitudes towards animals, and behavioral contacts with animals. A typology of basic attitudes towards animals and appropriate...
American Attitudes Toward and Knowledge of Animals: An Update
The distribution of a typology of basic attitudes toward animals in the American population is explored through personal interviews with 3,107 randomly selected persons in the 48 contiguous states and Alaska. Data is presented on the prevalence of these attitudes in the overall American...