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Geographically Apart, Attitudinally Very Close: A Comparison of Attitudes toward Animals between Romania and Mexico City
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Contributor(s):: Alina S. Rusu, Denisa Pop, Dennis C. Turner
Among other regions, Romania and Mexico (particularly Mexico City) are often cited as problematic areas in surveys and reports on the growing population of stray animals in urban areas. The aim of our study was to adapt for Romanian and Spanish languages usage of an instrument that includes...
Conservation education in free-choice learning environments: the effects of animals and interpretation
Contributor(s):: Eleanor Hodak
With 150 million people visiting accredited zoos and aquariums annually, these institutions have the unique opportunity to present conservation-oriented messages to a large and receptive audience. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of interpretation and/or the viewing of live...
Perceptions of Pit Bulls and Other Canine Breeds
Contributor(s):: Mallary A. Paoli
The purpose of this study is to research people’s attitudes towards pit bull breeds compared to other dog breeds. The term “pit bull” refers to a type of dog with certain physical features including a muscular and stocky build, short coats, and a large skull with a square jaw....
Urban business attitudes regarding rodents, rodent control methods, and impact on wildlife
Contributor(s):: Eva Arndt
Birds of prey and carnivorous mammals feed on small birds, rodents and other small mammals. Humans perceive many of the prey animals of these predators as well as the predators themselves, as “pests”, and seek to control them. Control methods for these unwanted pests, particularly...
Comparison of the characteristics and attitudes of dog adopters from three dog rescue groups
Contributor(s):: Zelda L. Zimmerman
A web-based survey was conducted to investigate the relationships between adopters and the dogs they adopted from three types of rescue groups/organizations: humane societies, greyhound rescues, and pit bull rescues. The dog selected to adopt can vary for many reasons, one of which is breed...
The construction of a pet attitude scale
Contributor(s):: Templer, DL, Salter, CA, Dickey, S, Baldwin, R., Veleber, DM
Coping with Dissonance: Psychological Mechanisms that Enable Ambivalent Attitudes Toward Animals
Contributor(s):: Sophie Veilleux
People generally tend to love and show care for animals. Yet they also purchase and consume animal products that are produced in a way that causes animals great suffering. This critical literature review focuses on the psychological mechanisms that ease or eliminate cognitive tensions associated...
Local Attitudes towards Bear Management after Illegal Feeding and Problem Bear Activity
Contributor(s):: Sara Dubois, David Fraser
The “pot bears” received international media attention in 2010 after police discovered the intentional feeding of over 20 black bears during the investigation of an alleged marijuana-growing operation in Christina Lake, British Columbia, Canada. A two-phase random digit dialing...
Risk perceptions and attitudes toward cougars in the southern foothills of Alberta
Contributor(s):: Thornton, Clarisse, Quinn, Michael S.
The rapid growth of rural residential development in the southern foothills of Alberta is leading to a more heterogeneous rural population and environment. Human encroachment into cougar habitat may lead to increased instances of cougar-human interactions. Surveys (n = 1,508) were sent to...
Practitioner Attitudes and Beliefs Regarding the Role Animals Play in Human Health
| Contributor(s):: Felicia Trembath
Many studies have evaluated the effectiveness of animals in improving patient outcomes, such as their ability to improve cardiovascular health or alleviate depression symptoms. However, little research has been done to evaluate the beliefs of practitioners about the role that animals can...
The Dark Triad and animal cruelty: Dark personalities, dark attitudes, and dark behaviors
| Contributor(s):: Kavanagh, Phillip S., Signal, Tania D., Taylor, Nik
The Relationship between Empathy and Personality in Undergraduate Students' Attitudes toward Nonhuman Animals
| Contributor(s):: Erlanger, A. C. E., Tsytsarev, S. V.
The majority of research investigating beliefs toward nonhuman animals has focused on vivisection or utilized populations with clear views on animal issues (e.g., animal rights activists). Minimal research has been conducted on what personality factors influence a nonclinical or nonadjudicated...
Attitudes Toward Animals: Age-Related Development Among Children
| Contributor(s):: S.R. Kellert
This paper reviews the results of a study of 267 children in the 2nd, 5th, 8th, and 11th grades. A battery of tests was used to examine children's knowledge and attitudes towards animals, and behavioral contacts with animals. A typology of basic attitudes towards animals and appropriate...
American Attitudes Toward and Knowledge of Animals: An Update
The distribution of a typology of basic attitudes toward animals in the American population is explored through personal interviews with 3,107 randomly selected persons in the 48 contiguous states and Alaska. Data is presented on the prevalence of these attitudes in the overall American...
Human Perceptions of Animals and Animal Awareness: The Cultural Dimension
| Contributor(s):: E. A. Lawrence
Culture is generally a powerful determinant of human perceptions of animals and the treatment animals receive in a given society. Fbr example, Plains Indians' views of the status of animals-their capacities, their awareness, and their place in the world relative to mankind-differ radically...
The Origins of Empathy and Altruism
| Contributor(s):: B. Hollenbeck, M. Radke-Yarrow, C. Zahn-Waxler
We will describe theories and research that try to explain the development, especially in children, of sensitivity to the needs of others. Are children born with empathy? Is it instinctive or learned? What kinds of changes do humane feelings and behaviors undergo as children develop? How do the...
Service Dog Fraud Affecting Attitudes Toward Animals
Forum › general-discussion › the-human-animal-bond-in-the-media
Within the last couple of months I have noticed the increase
in news stories discussing service dog fraud. These scams have obviously caused
problems for the service dog system and negatively...
The needs of emerging commercial farmers in Namibia in relation to human-carnivore conflict
| Contributor(s):: Bonnie Schumann
Carnivore species globally are on the decline and population extinctions continue despite intensive conservation efforts. In Namibia, although 13.6 % of the country falls under the protection of national parks or game reserves, most of these protected areas are situated along the coastline and...
Dog bites among letter carriers in St. Louis
| Contributor(s):: Alan M. Beck, Randall Lockwood
A detailed analysis of all the reported dog bites that occurred over a 2-year period in St. Louis, Mo., provided new insight not only into the severity of the problem, but also the environmental context for injury. Dog bite is a majormedical problem that affects at least 1 of every 222 people...
An International Comparison of Female and Male Students' Attitudes to the Use of Animals
| Contributor(s):: C. Phillips, S. Izmirli, J. Aldavood, M. Alonso, C. Choe, A. Hanlon, A. Handziska, G. Illmann, L. Keeling, M. Kennedy, G. Lee, V. Lund, C. Mejdell, V. Pelagic, T. Rehn
Previous research has demonstrated that in households where the male partner is more dominant, there is convergence in male and female attitudes towards animals, whereas if the female partner is empowered they exhibit greater empathy towards animals than the male partner. We tested this theory...