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Tags: Bacteria

All Categories (1-20 of 144)

  1. Is the Colonisation of Staphylococcus aureus in Pets Associated with Their Close Contact with Owners?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karolina Bierowiec, Katarzyna Płoneczka-Janeczko, Krzysztof Rypuła

    In human beings and animals, staphylococci constitute part of the normal microbial population. Staphylococcus aureus could be classified as an opportunistic pathogen because the bacteria are noted in clinically healthy individuals, but when the immune system becomes compromised, they...

  2. More than 50% of Clostridium difficile Isolates from Pet Dogs in Flagstaff, USA, Carry Toxigenic Genotypes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nathan E. Stone, Lindsay C. Sidak-Loftis, Jason W. Sahl, Adam J. Vazquez, Kristin B. Wiggins, John D. Gillece, Nathan D. Hicks, James M. Schupp, Joseph D. Busch, Paul Keim, David M. Wagner

    Nosocomial acquisition of Clostridium difficile is well documented, yet recent studies have highlighted the importance of community acquired infections and identified community associated reservoirs for this pathogen. Multiple studies have implicated companion pets and farm animals as...

  3. Raw pet food as a risk factor for shedding of extended-spectrum beta-lactamaseproducing Enterobacteriaceae in household cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Valérie O. Baede, Els M. Broens, Mirlin P. Spaninks, Arjen J. Timmerman, Haitske Graveland, Jaap A. Wagenaar, Birgitta Duim, Joost Hordijk

    Background Close contact between pets and owners provides the opportunity for transmission of antimicrobial resistant organisms like extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)/AmpC beta-lactamase (AmpC)-producing Enterobacteriaceae, posing a risk to public health. Objectives To investigate...

  4. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Campylobacter spp. Prevalence and Concentration in Household Pets and Petting Zoo Animals for Use in Exposure Assessments

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katarina D. M. Pintar, Tanya Christidis, M. Kate Thomas, Maureen Anderson, Andrea Nesbitt, Jessica Keithlin, Barbara Marshall, Frank Pollari

    Animal contact is a potential transmission route for campylobacteriosis, and both domestic household pet and petting zoo exposures have been identified as potential sources of exposure. Research has typically focussed on the prevalence, concentration, and transmission of zoonoses from farm...

  5. Editorial: Veterinary Bacterial Zoonoses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jiabo Ding, Menachem Banai, Shenqing Yu, Xin Ting

  6. MLVA and LPS Characteristics of Brucella canis Isolated from Humans and Dogs in Zhejiang, China

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dongri Piao, Heng Wang, Dongdong Di, Guozhong Tian, Jiantong Luo, Wenjie Gao, Hongyan Zhao, Weimin Xu, Weixing Fan, Hai Jiang

    Brucella canis is a pathogenic bacterium that causes brucellosis in dogs, and its zoonotic potential has been increasing in recent years. 32 B. canis strains were divided into 26 genotypes using MLVA-16. The comprehensive approaches have been used to analyze human and...

  7. Hazards of Getting Sick from Contact with Farm Animals at Fairs and Petting Zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Aurora A. Saulo

    Animals exhibited at fairs, farm centers, and in petting zoos are very popular and educational, and they bring much joy to people, especially children, but in addition to warm memories of holding them, there is risk that immunocompromised people may take home harmful—even...

  8. Human-Animal Studies: chov hospodářských zvířat - právní, ekonomické, ekologické a etické aspekty

    | Contributor(s):: Klára Podimáková

    Práce se zabývá vztahem mezi lidskými aktéry a hospodářskými zvířaty v heterogenním kolektivu. Zjišťuje, jakým způsobem je podmíněné chování lidí, kteří se starají o...

  9. Examining differences between homebound older adult pet owners and non-pet owners in depression, systemic inflammation, and executive function

    | Contributor(s):: Branson, S., Boss, L., Cron, S., Kang, DuckHee

    Homebound older adults are prone to depression, which is linked to systemic inflammation that promotes executive function decline. A companion animal may reduce the negative biobehavioral processes associated with depression, inflammation, and reduced executive function in homebound older adults....

  10. The associations between animal-based welfare measures and the presence of indicators of food safety in finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Alpigiani, I., Bacci, C., Keeling, L. J., Salman, M. D., Brindani, F., Pongolini, S., Hitchens, P. L., Bonardi, S.

    Stressful housing and management practices affect animals, potentially increasing their receptiveness to pathogens. Since some pathogens do not lead to clinical signs of sickness, subclinical pigs could enter the food-chain, contaminating carcases and offal at slaughter, representing a threat to...

  11. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  12. Lick of death: Capnocytophaga canimorsus is an important cause of sepsis in the elderly

    | Contributor(s):: Wilson, J. P., Kafetz, K., Fink, D.

  13. Zoonotic transmission of Campylobacter jejuni and Atypical Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (aEPEC) in peri-urban Quito, Ecuador

    | Contributor(s):: Karla Vasco, Gabriel Trueba

    Los patógenos zoonóticos son comunes en países de medianos y bajos recursos como el Ecuador. En el presente estudio se investigó la presencia de varios enteropatógenos zoonóticos en 267 muestras de heces de niños y animales domésticos de 62...

  14. Building the road to a regional zoonoses strategy: A survey of zoonoses programmes in the Americas

    | Contributor(s):: Melody J Maxwell, Mary H Freire de Carvalho, Armando E Hoet, Marco AN Vigilato, Julio C Pompei, Ottorino Cosivi, Victor J Del Rio Vilas, Patrick Butaye (editor)

    In recent years, global public health security has been threatened by zoonotic disease emergence as exemplified by outbreaks of H5N1 and H1N1 influenza, SARS, and most recently Ebola and Zika. Additionally, endemic zoonoses, such as rabies, burden countries year after year, placing demands on...

  15. Zoonotic importance of dermatophytosis in dogs and cats

    | Contributor(s):: Cindy Paola Cruz Alcala

    Dermatophytoses are infections caused by dermatophyte fungi of the genus Microsporum, Epidermophyton and Trichophyton, which affect the keratinized tissues of the skin, hair and nails. Dermatophytosis in canines and felines are frequent pathologies that constitute an important mycosis in these...

  16. Zoonoses

    | Contributor(s):: M.C. Atapattu

  17. Non-Typhoidal Salmonella at the Human-Animal Interface in Southern Vietnam

    | Contributor(s):: Carrie L. Vuong

    Non-typhoidal members of the genus Salmonella are important bacterial zoonoses, causing significant burden in both developed and developing countries. While the epidemiology of gastrointestinal infections caused by non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) is extensively studied in developed countries,...

  18. Risk behaviors for disease transmission among petting zoo attendees

    | Contributor(s):: M. McMillian, J.R. Dunn, J.E. Keen, K.L. Brady, T.F. Jones

    To evaluate risk behaviors for transmission of zoonotic diseases at petting zoos during a period without a recognized disease outbreak. Observational survey with environmental microbiologic sampling. 6 petting zoos in Tennessee. Attendees were observed for animal and environmental contact, eating...

  19. Leptospirosis in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: An Ecosystem Approach in the Animal-Human Interface

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Cristina Schneider, Patricia Najera, Martha M. Pereira, Gustavo Machado, Celso B. dos Anjos, Rogerio O. Rodrigues, Gabriela M. Cavagni, Claudia Munoz-Zanzi, Luis G. Corbellini, Daniel F. Buss, Sylvain Aldighieri, Marcos A. Espinal

    BackgroundLeptospirosis is an epidemic-prone neglected disease that affects humans and animals, mostly in vulnerable populations. The One Health approach is a recommended strategy to identify drivers of the disease and plan for its prevention and control. In that context, the aim of this study...

  20. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...