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Impact of acute clinical mastitis on cow behaviour
Contributor(s):: Siivonen, J., Taponen, S., Hovinen, M., Pastell, M., Lensink, B. J., Pyorala, S., Hanninen, L.
Acute mastitis is one of the most common diseases of high-producing dairy cows. However, there is still lack of knowledge on which precise behaviours change first at the beginning of acute mastitis, and whether behavioural changes might serve as a tool for early detection of clinical mastitis. In...
Behaviour of badgers ( Meles meles ) in farm buildings: opportunities for the transmission of Mycobacterium bovis to cattle?
Contributor(s):: Tolhurst, B. A., Delahay, R. J., Walker, N. J., Ward, A. I., Roper, T. J.
Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) are implicated in the transmission of bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) to cattle. Here we investigate potential spatio-temporal foci of opportunities for contact between badgers and cattle in farm buildings. We discuss the relative occurrence of different...
Tail biting in fattening pigs: associations between frequency of tail biting and other abnormal behaviours
Contributor(s):: Brunberg, E., Wallenbeck, A., Keeling, L. J.
This study investigated the association between tail biting (TB) and other abnormal behaviours in a group of non-tail docked pigs. Behavioural data were collected from 742 pigs housed on a commercial farm. The prevalence of performed and received TB, belly nosing, bar biting, ear biting and...
Use of cattle troughs by badgers ( Meles meles ): a potential route for the transmission of bovine tuberculosis ( Mycobacterium bovis ) to cattle
Contributor(s):: Garnett, B. T., Roper, T. J., Delahay, R. J.
Cattle feedtroughs that are contaminated with badger excreta constitute a potential transmission route for the spread of bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) from badgers (Meles meles) to cattle. In order to investigate the maximum height to which a trough would have to be raised to make it...
Peritoneal dialysis and living with animals [Spanish]
Contributor(s):: GÃ³mez Castilla, A. C., Martin Espejo, J. L.
Cat-scratch disease and the role of the domestic cat: vector, reservoir, and victim?
Contributor(s):: Kirkpatrick, C. E., Glickman, L. T.
Cat-scratch disease (CSD) of humans is briefly described, with information on the probable agent, an unidentified coccobacillus. The disease has been significantly associated with intimate contact with cats, and a hypothesis is presented, proposing that: the agent causing CSD in humans is carried...
Livestock-associated MRSA: epidemiology in animal production chains, transmission to humans and charateristics of the clone
Contributor(s):: Wagenaar, J. A., Giessen, A. van de
MRSA infections in people working with pigs was confirmed in 2005. Dutch data from 9 abattoirs showed that 39% of pigs and 81% of slaughter batches was contaminated with MRSA. All strains belonged to the sequence type ST398. This clone is now known as livestock-associated MRSA (LA-MRSA). A...
All creatures great and minute: a public policy primer for companion animal zoonoses
Contributor(s):: Reaser, J. K., Clark, E. E., Jr., Meyers, N. M.
Approximately 63% of US households have at least one pet, a large percentage of which are considered family members. Pet owners can derive substantial physical and psychological benefits from interaction with companion animals. However, pet ownership is not without risks; zoonotic diseases are...
Molecular investigation of relatedness of Campylobacter coli isolated from child with campylobacteriosis and healthy, household dog
Contributor(s):: Wardak, S., Duda, U., Wojsa, B.
Thermotolerant species of Campylobacter (mainly C. jejuni and C. coli) are among the most frequently isolated bacterial agents of gastroenteritis in many developed countries. C. coli is less prevalent than C. jejuni. The main reservoir of C. coli is swine, however this pathogen may also be found...
Compendium of measures to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings, 2007: National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV)
Certain venues encourage or permit the public to contact animals, resulting in millions of human-animal interactions each year. These settings include county or state fairs, petting zoos, animal swap meets, pet stores, zoologic institutions, circuses, carnivals, farm tours, livestock-birthing...
Compendium of measures to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings, 2009 National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV)
Certain venues encourage or permit the public to be in contact with animals, resulting in millions of human-animal interactions each year. These settings include county or state fairs, petting zoos, animal swap meets, pet stores, zoologic institutions, circuses, carnivals, educational farms,...
Modeling the relationship between food animal health and human foodborne illness
Contributor(s):: Singer, R. S., Cox, L. A., Jr., Dickson, J. S., Hurd, H. S., Phillips, I., Miller, G. Y.
To achieve further reductions in foodborne illness levels in humans, effective pre-harvest interventions are needed. The health status of food animals that are destined to enter the human food supply chain may be an important, although often overlooked, factor in predicting the risk of human...
Avian companions and the human-animal bond
Contributor(s):: Harris, J. M.
Colorado animal-based plague surveillance systems: relationships between targeted animal species and prediction efficacy of areas at risk for humans
Contributor(s):: Lowell, J. L., Eisen, R. J., Schotthoefer, A. M., Liang, X. C., Montenieri, J. A., Tanda, D., Pape, J., Schriefer, M. E., Antolin, M. F., Gage, K. L.
Human plague risks (Yersinia pestis infection) are greatest when epizootics cause high mortality among this bacterium's natural rodent hosts. Therefore, health departments in plague-endemic areas commonly establish animal-based surveillance programs to monitor Y. pestis infection among plague...
What are the differences in management and disease between pet and commercial goats?
Contributor(s):: Roe, V.
This study was conducted to determine the differences in management and environment and the common disease problems between pet and commercial goats. Goat owners (n=38) were given questionnaires covering the type of enterprise, management and disease. The owners were categorized using both the...
Management and mastitis
Contributor(s):: Francis, P. G.
This is the abstr. of a paper presented at the Winter Meeting of the Society for Veterinary Ethology, which was held in London, UK on 3 Dec. 1980. Various measures were investigated to reduce the Escherichia coli population in cubicle (free-stall) straw bedding during a 5-month winter period.
Interfacing genetics, behavior and husbandry in White Leghorns presented with E. coli challenge
Contributor(s):: Mauldin, J. M., Siegel, P. B., Gross, W. B.
Female fowls from the 3rd and 4th generations of lines which had undergone selection for persistence and non-persistence of antibody production to sheep erythrocytes were reared as floor flocks to 134 or 242 days of age, and were then reared singly in cages. At 295 or 394 days of age, females...
The behavioural responses of badgers ( Meles meles ) to exclusion from farm buildings using an electric fence
Contributor(s):: Tolhurst, B. A., Ward, A. I., Delahay, R. J., MacMaster, A. M., Roper, T. J.
Behavioural investigations into the transmission of bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) between badgers and cattle suggest that badger activity in farm buildings may incur a significant risk of cross-infection. However, measures to exclude badgers from buildings have not been systematically...
Ranging behaviour of European badgers ( Meles meles ) in relation to bovine tuberculosis ( Mycobacterium bovis ) infection
Contributor(s):: Garnett, B. T., Delahay, R. J., Roper, T. J.
Using radio-telemetry and direct observation, we monitored the ranging and foraging behaviour, habitat use and sett use of eight same-sex pairs of badgers (Meles meles L.). Members of each pair were of the same age-class and were members of the same social group, but differed with respect to...
Human handling, flock size and responses to an E. coli challenge in young chickens
Contributor(s):: Collins, N. W., Siegel, P. B.
The effects of human handling and flock size on physiological, behavioural and production traits of female chickens were examined in two flocks of 10 and 20 chicks handled gently and spoken to for 1 minute, 3 days a week, and in two similar groups which were not handled. Pullets maintained in...