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  1. Leptospirosis in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: An Ecosystem Approach in the Animal-Human Interface

    Contributor(s):: Maria Cristina Schneider, Patricia Najera, Martha M. Pereira, Gustavo Machado, Celso B. dos Anjos, Rogerio O. Rodrigues, Gabriela M. Cavagni, Claudia Munoz-Zanzi, Luis G. Corbellini, Daniel F. Buss, Sylvain Aldighieri, Marcos A. Espinal

    BackgroundLeptospirosis is an epidemic-prone neglected disease that affects humans and animals, mostly in vulnerable populations. The One Health approach is a recommended strategy to identify drivers of the disease and plan for its prevention and control. In that context, the aim of this study...

  2. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  3. Examining differences between homebound older adult pet owners and non-pet owners in depression, systemic inflammation, and executive function

    Contributor(s):: Branson, S., Boss, L., Cron, S., Kang, DuckHee

    Homebound older adults are prone to depression, which is linked to systemic inflammation that promotes executive function decline. A companion animal may reduce the negative biobehavioral processes associated with depression, inflammation, and reduced executive function in homebound older adults....

  4. On the role of pets in GermanyZur Rolle von Kleintieren in Deutschland

    Contributor(s):: Schwarz, S.

    This article discusses the number and presence of pets in the German household, especially dogs and cats; essentiality and importance of pets to the well-being of German owners; ability of pets to decrease the risk of heart disease; and function of dogs in rescue, animal assisted therapy and...

  5. Examining differences between homebound older adult pet owners and non-pet owners in depression, systemic inflammation, and executive function

    Contributor(s):: Branson, S., Boss, L., Cron, S., Kang, DuckHee

    Homebound older adults are prone to depression, which is linked to systemic inflammation that promotes executive function decline. A companion animal may reduce the negative biobehavioral processes associated with depression, inflammation, and reduced executive function in homebound older adults....

  6. Changes in behaviour of dairy cows with clinical mastitis

    Contributor(s):: Sepulveda-Varas, P., Proudfoot, K. L., Weary, D. M., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von

    Behaviour is an important tool for recognizing illness in animals. One of the most common diseases in dairy cattle is clinical mastitis. Evidence suggests that cows with this disease show sickness behaviours, but little is known about the progression of behavioural changes before and after the...

  7. Development of a facial expression scale using footrot and mastitis as models of pain in sheep

    Contributor(s):: McLennan, K. M., Rebelo, C. J. B., Corke, M. J., Holmes, M. A., Leach, M. C., Constantino-Casas, F.

    Management of pain in sheep is limited by the challenges of recognising and accurately quantifying pain in this species. The use of facial expression scoring to assess pain is a well-utilised, practical tool in both humans and non-human animals. The objective of this study was to develop a...

  8. Domestic rabbits: diseases and parasites

    Contributor(s):: Nephi M. Patton, K.W. Hagen, J.R. Gorham, Ronald E. Flatt

    Designed to help ranchers recognize common rabbit diseases. Diseases are classified according to major cause-bacterial, viral, nutritional, hereditary, fungal, and miscellaneous (including poisoning, tumors, and vices). For each disease, the symptoms and treatment are described. Provides advice...

  9. What Could Your Dog Be Carrying? - Zoonotic Enteric Bacteria in Pet Dogs in Ontario: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Antimicrobial Resistance

    Contributor(s):: Erin Kathleen Leonard

    In this study we investigated the prevalence of selected zoonotic pathogens (Salmonella and Campylobacter) and antimicrobial resistant bacteria (Salmonella spp. and generic Escherichia coli) in client-owned dogs in Southwestern Ontario. The pet-related risk factors for shedding Salmonella spp.,...

  10. Emerging and re-emerging zoonoses of dogs and cats

    Contributor(s):: Chomel, B. B.

    Since the middle of the 20th century, pets are more frequently considered as "family members" within households. However, cats and dogs still can be a source of human infection by various zoonotic pathogens. Among emerging or re-emerging zoonoses, viral diseases, such as rabies (mainly from dog...

  11. Risk factors for carriage of antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella spp and Escherichia coli in pet dogs from volunteer households in Ontario, Canada, in 2005 and 2006

    Contributor(s):: Leonard, E. K., Pearl, D. L., Janecko, N., Finley, R. L., Reid-Smith, R. J., Weese, J. S., Peregrine, A. S.

  12. The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population

    Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.

    Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although the...

  13. Quantitative assessment of human and pet exposure to Salmonella associated with dry pet foods

    Contributor(s):: Lambertini, E., Buchanan, R. L., Narrod, C., Ford, R. M., Baker, R. C., Pradhan, A. K.

    Recent Salmonella outbreaks associated with dry pet foods and treats highlight the importance of these foods as previously overlooked exposure vehicles for both pets and humans. In the last decade efforts have been made to raise the safety of this class of products, for instance by upgrading...

  14. Cumulative experience, age-class, sex and season affect the behavioural responses of European badgers ( Meles meles) to handling and sedation

    Contributor(s):: Sun, Q., Stevens, C., Newman, C., Buesching, C. D., Macdonald, D. W.

    The restraint and sedation of wild animals has welfare implications, thus animal handling procedures should be well-informed and optimised to adhere to welfare standards. Furthermore, it is important that handling procedures should not cause future trap avoidance. This is of particular pertinence...

  15. Animals in Healthcare Facilities: Recommendations to Minimize Potential Risks

    Contributor(s):: Murthy, Rekha, Bearman, Gonzalo, Brown, Sherrill, Bryant, Kristina, Chinn, Raymond, Hewlett, Angela, George, B. Glenn, Goldstein, Ellie J. C., Holzmann-Pazgal, Galit, Rupp, Mark E., Wiemken, Timothy, Weese, J. Scott, Weber, David J.

  16. Best Articles Relevant to Pediatric Allergy, Asthma and Immunology

  17. Cat and dog exposure and respiratory morbidities in cystic fibrosis

    Contributor(s):: Morrow, Christopher B., Raraigh, Karen S., Green, Deanna M., Blackman, Scott M., Cutting, Garry R., Collaco, Joseph M.

  18. Contamination of Environmental Surfaces With Staphylococcus aureus in Households With Children Infected With Methicillin-Resistant S aureus

    Contributor(s):: Fritz, Stephanie A., Hogan, Patrick G., Singh, Lauren N., Thompson, Ryley M., Wallace, Meghan A., Whitney, Krista, Al-Zubeidi, Duha, Burnham, Carey-Ann D., Fraser, Victoria J.

  19. Notes from the field: fatal rat-bite Fever in a child - San Diego County, California, 2013

    Contributor(s):: Adam, Jessica K., Varan, Aiden K., Pong, Alice L., McDonald, Eric C.

  20. Occurrence of extended spectrum β–lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae among pet dogs and cats: An emerging public health threat outside health care facilities

    Contributor(s):: Abdel-Moein, Khaled A., Samir, Ahmed