Best practices for planning events encouraging human-animal interactions
Contributor(s):: Erdozain, G., Kukanich, K., Chapman, B., Powell, D.
Educational events encouraging human-animal interaction include the risk of zoonotic disease transmission. It is estimated that 14% of all disease in the USA caused by Campylobacter spp., Cryptosporidium spp., Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157, non-O157 STECs, Listeria...
Enteric pathogens of dogs and cats with public health implications
Contributor(s):: Kantere, M., Athanasiou, L. V., Chatzopoulos, D. C., Spyrou, V., Valiakos, G., Kontos, V., Billinis, C.
Dogs and cats play an important role in modern society, enhancing the psychological and physiological well-being of many people. However, there are well-documented health risks associated with human animal interactions. More specifically, enteric pathogens of zoonotic risk which are transmitted...
Influences of various factors on cows' entrance order into the milking parlour
Contributor(s):: Polikarpus, A., Kaart, T., Mootse, H., Rosa, G. de, Arney, D.
This study investigates the stability of the milking order of cows entering into the milking parlour of a commercial dairy herd, and changes to this order consequent to a change in health status and a change in the membership of the group of cows being milked. In large herds it is difficult for...
Prevalence of zoonotic agents in dogs visiting hospitalized people in Ontario: implications for infection control
Contributor(s):: Lefebvre, S. L., Waltner-Toews, D., Peregrine, A. S., Reid-Smith, R., Hodge, L., Arroyo, L. G., Weese, J. S.
Using a dog's superior olfactory sensitivity to identify Clostridium difficile in stools and patients: proof of principle study
Contributor(s):: Bomers, Marije K., Van Agtmael, Michiel A., Luik, Hotsche, Van Veen, Merk C., Vandenbroucke-Grauls, Christina M. J. E., Smulders, Yvo M.
Bacterial Zoonoses Transmitted by Household Pets: State-of-the-Art and Future Perspectives for Targeted Research and Policy Actions
Contributor(s):: Damborg, P., Broens, E. M., Chomel, B. B., Guenther, S., Pasmans, F., Wagenaar, J. A., Weese, J. S., Wieler, L. H., Windahl, U., Vanrompay, D., Guardabassi, L.
Effectiveness of animal health and welfare planning in dairy herds: a review
Contributor(s):: Tremetsberger, L., Winckler, C.
Maintaining and promoting animal health and welfare are important but challenging goals in livestock farming. Animal health and welfare planning aims to contribute to improvements in the herd through interventions in a structured way. This review provides an overview of current scientific...
Gut microbiota of humans, dogs and cats: current knowledge and future opportunities and challenges
Contributor(s):: Deng, P., Swanson, K. S.
High-throughput DNA sequencing techniques allow for the identification and characterisation of microbes and their genes (microbiome). Using these new techniques, microbial populations in several niches of the human body, including the oral and nasal cavities, skin, urogenital tract and...
Pasteurella species peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis: household pets as a risk factor
Contributor(s):: Poliquin, P. G., Lagace-Wiens, P., Verrelli, M., Allen, D. W., Embil, J. M.
BACKGROUND: Pasteurella species are Gram-negative coccobacilli that are a part of the normal oropharyngeal flora of numerous domestic animals. They have been recognized as a rare but significant cause of peritonitis in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). A consensus about management...
Contributor(s):: Goldstein, E. J. C., Greene, C. E., Schlossberg, D.
This chapter focuses on diseases transmitted from cats to humans. The diseases transmitted by inhalation (bordetellosis, plague and Q fever), vectors (ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, cat scratch disease, bacillary angiomatosis, flea-borne spotted fever, murine typhus and leishmaniasis), faecal-oral...
Less common house pets
Contributor(s):: Chomel, B. B., Schlossberg, D.
This chapter focuses on the major health threats associated with exposure of humans to less common house pets. The viral, bacterial, parasitic and mycotic zoonoses transmitted by pet rabbits, rodents, reptiles, amphibians, ornamental aquarium fish, ferrets, bats and nonhuman primates are...
With man's best friend
Contributor(s):: Collins, J. M., Lorber, B., Schlossberg, D.
This chapter focuses on human diseases associated with exposure to dogs. The epidemiology of local infections following dog bites, as well as the initial bite management, antibiotic prophylaxis, antibiotic treatment of infection, and prevention of dog bites are discussed. The life-threatening...
Historical Zoonoses and Other Changes in Host Tropism of Staphylococcus aureus, Identified by Phylogenetic Analysis of a Population Dataset
Contributor(s):: Marcus A Shepheard, Vicki M. Fleming, Thomas R Connor, Jukka Corander, Edward J. Feil, Christophe Fraser, William P. Hanage
Staphylococcus aureus exhibits tropisms to many distinct animal hosts. While spillover events can occur wherever there is an interface between host species, changes in host tropism only occur with the establishment of sustained transmission in the new host species, leading to clonal expansion....
Environmental contamination by dog’s faeces: a public health problem?
Contributor(s):: Cinquepalmi, Vittoria, Monno, Rosa, Fumarola, Luciana, Ventrella, Gianpiero, Calia, Carla, Greco, Maria Fiorella, De Vito, Danila, Soleo, Leonardo
Household risk factors for colonization with multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates
Contributor(s):: Davis, Meghan F., Peterson, Amy E.
Julian, Kathleen G., Greene, Wallace H. , Price, Lance B. , Nelson, Kenrad , Whitener, Cynthia J. , Silbergeld, Ellen K.
Life-threatening respiratory pasteurellosis associated with palliative pet care
Contributor(s):: Myers, Emily M., Ward, Sarah L., Myers, Joseph P.
Plague: infections of companion animals and opportunities for intervention
Contributor(s):: Oyston, Petra C. F., Williamson, Diane
Bite-related and septic syndromes caused by cats and dogs
Contributor(s):: Oehler, R. L., Velez, A. P., Mizrachi, M., Lamarche, J., Gompf, S.
Comparison of antimicrobial resistance patterns of Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli recovered from pet dogs from volunteer households in Ontario (2005-06)
Contributor(s):: Leonard, E. K., Pearl, D. L., Finley, R. L., Janecko, N., Reid-Smith, R. J., Peregrine, A. S., Weese, J. S.
Distribution of periodontopathic bacterial species in dogs and their owners
Contributor(s):: Yamasaki, Y., Nomura, R., Nakano, K., Naka, S., Matsumoto-Nakano, M., Asai, F., Ooshima, T.