Representations of polar bears in tourism: Exploring power relations through discourse analysis
Historical and contemporary relationships between human beings and polar bears are dynamic and complex, and the lives of these two animal species continue to be intimately intertwined in the tourism context. The polar bear viewing industry increasingly relies on the (re)creation, dissemination,...
Rural and urban students' perceptions of and attitudes toward brown bears in Turkey
Contributor(s):: Ambarli, H.
Many studies have examined adults' perceptions of and attitudes toward large carnivores to assess human-wildlife conflict and inform conservation strategies, but there have been few studies concerning children. I studied secondary school students' perceptions of and attitudes toward brown bears...
The bear as barometer: the Japanese response to human-bear conflict
Contributor(s):: Catherine Heather Knight
The Asiatic black bear, or 'moon bear', has inhabited Japan since pre-historic times, and is the largest animal to have roamed Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu since mega-fauna became extinct on the Japanese archipelago after the last glacial period. Despite this, the bear features only rarely...
Meeting and merging: painting animal/human encounters with medicine
Contributor(s):: Jo Voysey
My work focuses on the expressive potential of medicinal remedies as a medium for painting. My exploration is concentrated on aspects of the human relationship to animals in captivity and stems from a relationship I had with a caged bear when I was living in Georgia, Eastern Europe in 2011. The...
Samiska björngravar och dess återspegling av relationen mellan människa och djur
Contributor(s):: Viktoria Eriksson
The Sami bear graves is an important source for archaeological research on the indigenous people of the Nordic countries. They bring stories of the past through the bones and through written sources from the 17th century. The mythological stories tell us about interactions between man and the...
Behavior of Scandinavian brown bears when encountered by dogs and humans
Contributor(s):: Stine Emilie Noding Hansen
The Scandinavian brown bear population was persecuted in the last half of the 1800s and almost went extinct. They got protected in Sweden in 1927 and in Norway in 1973, and have since reached a level that can be hunted. The bears choose areas with as little human activity as possible, but...
Survey of Attitudes Toward, Conflicts With and Management Of Wolves and Bears in Rural Villages in Armenia
Contributor(s):: Serda Ozbenian
Many studies aimed at assessing human attitudes towards and negative interactions (conflicts) with carnivores, such as wolves (Canis lupus) and bears (Ursus arctos), have been conducted throughout the world. Although villagers in Armenia have reported conflicts with these...
Comparison of Intervention Programs Designed to Reduce Human-Bear Conflict: A Review of the Literature
Contributor(s):: Meredith L. Gore
Black bear populations are increasing throughout North America (McCracken 1995, Peine 2001). Typically, when areas of black bear population expansion overlap regions of substantial human use (e.g., a suburban neighborhood or tourist destination), conflict can ensue. Human-bear conflict is an...
Alternative Methods of Controlling Wildlife Populations
Contributor(s):: Lindsay Aspin, Chantel McDowell, Rebecca Rocha, Julie M. Fagan
Every year New Jersey sets aside several days for a state-sponsored black bear hunt. We feel that this hunt is unnecessary, and that proper human behaviors will change black bear behavior, and ultimately decrease human-bear interactions. This way, humans are at peace, and bears are at peace, and...
Human and Black Bear Interactions in Buncombe County, North Carolina, from 1993–2013
Contributor(s):: Adam Guy Alsamadisi
Over the past 20 years the frequency of interactions between humans and black bears in Buncombe County, North Carolina has been increasing, posing threats to human safety, black bear populations, ecological stability, and conservation support. During this time, both the human population and the...
Behaviour of brown bears (Ursus arctos) when repeatedly approached by humans on foot
Contributor(s):: Nina Emilie Stenset
Knowledge about encounters between humans and wildlife is important for conservation, management and policymaking, as well as for reducing conflict and negative interactions. There is general concern that an increased number of encounters might reduce wildlife flight responses. I investigated the...
Foraging ecology of black bears in urban environments : guidance for human-bear conflict mitigation
Contributor(s):: D.L. Lewis, S. Baruch-Mordo, K.R. Wilson, S.W. Breck, J.S. Mao, J. Broderick
Urban environments offer wildlife novel anthropogenic resources that vary spatiotemporally at fine scales. Property damage, economic losses, human injury, or other human-wildlife conflicts can occur when wildlife use these resources; however, few studies have examined urban wildlife resource...
Assessing bear-human conflicts in the Yukon Territory
Contributor(s):: Raechel Dawn Lukie
Managing conflicts between bears and humans is vital for human safety and for the conservation of bears. This study investigated black bear (Ursus americanus) and grizzly bear (Ursus arctos) interactions with humans in 18 major communities of the Yukon Territory. I used an information theoretic...
Mitigating Human-Black Bear Conflicts by Understanding Spatial Patterns and Assoicated Site Characteristics
Contributor(s):: Mary Wendy Von Der Porten
Conflict with humans poses a serious risk to the viability of carnivore populations worldwide. Identifying effective non-lethal management strategies demands an understanding of the interplay among multiple drivers of conflict at the scale of conflict situations. I quantified the spatial patterns...
Coexistence : the human/grizzly bear interface in a rural community of British Columbia
Contributor(s):: Gillian L. Sanders
Environmental Education is becoming increasingly important as human populations expand into wildlife habitat, often resulting in human/wildlife conflicts. Meadow Creek British Columbia has experienced a long history of conflicts with grizzly bears resulting in significant bear mortalities. This...
Positive reinforcement training for blood collection in grizzly bears ( Ursus arctos horribilis) results in undetectable elevations in serum cortisol levels: a preliminary investigation
Contributor(s):: Joyce-Zuniga, N. M., Newberry, R. C., Robbins, C. T., Ware, J. V., Jansen, H. T., Nelson, O. L.
Training nonhuman animals in captivity for participation in routine husbandry procedures is believed to produce a lower stress environment compared with undergoing a general anesthetic event for the same procedure. This hypothesis rests largely on anecdotal evidence that the captive subjects...
Interactions between grizzly bears and hikers in Glacier National Park, Montana
Contributor(s):: Katherine Louise McArthur Jope
Behavior of grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) toward people was studied by examining hikers' reports of grizzly bear observations and by intensively observing grizzlies in an area of Glacier National Park that was heavily used by day-hikers. Of concern were the apparenthabituation...
Distance-dependent effectiveness of diversionary bear bait sites
Contributor(s):: Stringham, Stephen F., Bryant, Ann
Black bear exclusion fences to protect mobile apiaries
Contributor(s):: Otto, Tammy E., Roloff, Gary J.
Brown bear and human recreational use of trails in Anchorage, Alaska
Contributor(s):: Coltrane, Jessica A., Sinnott, Rick