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  1. The Way Humans Behave Modulates the Emotional State of Piglets

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie Brajon, Jean-Paul Laforest, Océane Schmitt, Nicholas Devillers

    The emotional state can influence decision-making under ambiguity. Cognitive bias tests (CBT) proved to be a promising indicator of the affective valence of animals in a context of farm animal welfare. Although it is well-known that humans can influence the intensity of fear and reactions of...

  2. Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels in Dog Owners and Their Dogs Are Associated with Behavioral Patterns: An Exploratory Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Petersson, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Anne Nilsson, Lise-Lotte Gustafson, Eva Hydbring-Sandberg, Linda Handlin

    We have previously shown that dog–owner interaction results in increasing oxytocin levels in owners and dogs, decreasing cortisol levels in owners but increasing cortisol levels in dogs. The present study aimed to further investigate whether oxytocin and cortisol levels in the previously...

  3. Zoo Animal Welfare: The Human Dimension

    | Contributor(s):: Cole, J., Fraser, D.

  4. Advances in Applied Zoo Animal Welfare Science

    | Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Sherwen, S., Clark, F. E.

  5. Human-animal emotional contagion and client communication

    | Contributor(s):: Milani, M.

    2017Can Vet J58121329-13300008-5286 (Print)0008-5286engDr. Milani is a behavior and bond practitioner, teacher, and author of several books on the interaction of animal behavior, health, and the human-animal relationship.text

  6. The influence of dog ownership on objective measures of free-living physical activity and sedentary behaviour in community-dwelling older adults: a longitudinal case-controlled study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Philippa Margaret Dall, Sarah Lesley Helen Ellis, Brian Martin Ellis, P Margaret Grant, Alison Colyer, Nancy Renee Gee, Malcolm Howard Granat, Daniel Simon Mills

    Background There is some evidence to suggest that dog ownership may improve physical activity (PA) among older adults, but to date, studies examining this, have either depended on self-report or incomplete datasets due to the type of activity monitor used to record physical activity....

  7. An unexpected acoustic indicator of positive emotions in horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mathilde Stomp, Maël Leroux, Marjorie Cellier, Séverine Henry, Alban Lemasson, Martine Hausberger

    Indicators of positive emotions are still scarce and many proposed behavioural markers have proven ambiguous. Studies established a link between acoustic signals and emitter’s internal state, but few related to positive emotions and still fewer considered non-vocal sounds. One of them,...

  8. The Days and Nights of Zoo Elephants: Using Epidemiology to Better Understand Stereotypic Behavior of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) and Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in North American Zoos

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brian J. Greco, Cheryl L. Meehan, Jen N. Hogan, Katherine A. Leighty, Jill Mellen, Georgia J. Mason, Joy A. Mench

    Stereotypic behavior is an important indicator of compromised welfare. Zoo elephants are documented to perform stereotypic behavior, but the factors that contribute to performance have not been systematically assessed. We collected behavioral data on 89 elephants (47 African [Loxodonta...

  9. The effect of human interaction on guinea pig behavior in animal-assisted therapy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Winnie Gut, Lisa Crump, Jakob Zinsstag, Jan Hattendorf, Karin Hediger

    Guinea pigs are included in various animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), but no research has been published to date on behavioral changes in guinea pigs interacting with humans. The goal of this study was to evaluate the behavior in guinea pigs during animal-assisted therapy (AAT) and to...

  10. Can you spare 15 min? The measurable positive impact of a 15-min petting session on shelter dog well-being

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ragen T. S. McGowan, Cynthia Bolte, Hallie R. Barnett, Gerardo Perez-Camargo, François Martin

    It is well established that human interaction has positive effects on shelter dogs. This work set out to answer the question: “Does one 15-min petting session make a difference for shelter dogs?” Fifty-five dogs were subject to one 15-min petting session with one of five unfamiliar...

  11. Training Technologies. Science, Humans and Dogs in the Age of Positive Dog Training

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ane Møller Gabrielsen

    The practices of dog training influence the lives of numerous dogs and dog owners, but have not received much academic attention in terms of empirical studies. Both humans and dogs are shaped through these practices, but as the conditions are partly determined by already established networks,...

  12. Positive Thinking as a Moral and Existential Virtue

    | Contributor(s):: Sandu, Frunza

  13. Endogenous Oxytocin, Vasopressin, and Aggression in Domestic Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: MacLean, E. L., Martin, W. L., Gruen, M. E., Sherman, B. L., Gesquiere, L. R., Carter, C. S.

  14. Effects of Equine-Assisted Activities and Therapies on the Affective Network of Adolescents with Internet Gaming Disorder

    | Contributor(s):: Kang, K. D., Jung, T. W., Park, I. H., Han, D. H.

  15. Facing disasters together: how keeping animals safe benefits humans before, during and after natural disasters

    | Contributor(s):: Thompson, K.

  16. Helping Pet Owners Change Pet Behaviors: An Overview of the Science

    | Contributor(s):: Strickler, B. G.

  17. Pet dogs' behavior when the owner and an unfamiliar person attend to a faux rival

    | Contributor(s):: Prato-Previde, E., Nicotra, V., Pelosi, A., Valsecchi, P.

  18. The effects of zoo visitors on Quokka (Setonix brachyurus) avoidance behavior in a walk-through exhibit

    | Contributor(s):: Learmonth, M. J., Sherwen, S., Hemsworth, P. H.

  19. Associations between owner personality and psychological status and the prevalence of canine behavior problems

    | Contributor(s):: Dodman, N. H., Brown, D. C., Serpell, J. A.

  20. Tickling, a Technique for Inducing Positive Affect When Handling Rats

    | Contributor(s):: Cloutier, S., LaFollette, M. R., Gaskill, B. N., Panksepp, J., Newberry, R. C.