Young Blond d'Aquitaine, Angus and Limousin bulls differ in emotional reactivity: relationships with animal traits, stress reactions at slaughter and post-mortem muscle metabolism
Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.
The present study investigated relationships between reactivity during tests, stress reactions at slaughter and animal traits in young Blond d'Aquitaine (BA), Limousin (LI) and Angus (AN) bulls. Behavioural and physiological reactivity of animals was evaluated during rearing using a "Human test"...
Are "pit bulls" different? An analysis of the pit bull terrier controversy (Commenrtary)
Contributor(s):: Lockwood, R., Rindy, K.
"This article reviews some of the historical, ethological, and epidemiological evidence relevant to the question of whether pit bull terriers present special animal control problems justifying unusual legislative action."
Cattle and the rise of the Egyptian state
Contributor(s):: Lobban, R. A., Jr.
"This article seeks to understand the factors that account for the rise of the ancient [Egyptian] state in the Nile Valley. ... For this reason, the role of cattle is examined here in terms of primitive capital accumulation, as a means of social differentiation, and as a catalyst for the...
Stakeholder attitudes toward farm animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Heleski, C. R., Mertig, A. G., Zanella, A. J.
We developed a survey to measure attitudes toward farm animal welfare, then targeted two US groups considered highly influential in this area: veterinary college faculty members with large animal/food animal emphasis (VCF) and animal science faculty members (ANS). The survey was conducted via...
Dogs for herding and guarding livestock
Contributor(s):: Coppinger, L., Coppinger, R., Grandin, T.
Dogs that perform best for guarding and herding livestock have different behavioural profiles, as stated by the authors: 'herding dogs are selected to show hunting behaviours, such as eye, stalk, grip or heel. Guarding dogs are selected to show more of the wild ancestor's puppy-like or juvenile...
Tales about tails: is the mutilation of animals justifiable in their best interests or in ours?
Contributor(s):: Edwards, S., Bennett, P., Appleby, M. C., Weary, D. M., Sandoe, P.
Tail docking, involving surgical or non-surgical removal of a portion of the tail, is one of the most widely carried out and contentious mutilations inflicted by humans on animals. To differing extents, this procedure is carried out on farm livestock, draught animals and companion animals. The...
Agreement between different sleep states and behaviour indicators in dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Ternman, E., Pastell, M., Agenas, S., Strasser, C., Winckler, C., Nielsen, P. P., Hanninen, L.
Conclusive data regarding behavioural indicators of different sleep states in adult dairy cows are lacking, i.e. agreement between behavioural indicators of sleep and corresponding electrophysiological measures. Behavioural estimates for quantifying total sleep time in calves have been developed,...
Assessment of key parameters for gunshot used on cattle: a pilot study on shot placement and effects of diverse ammunition on isolated cattle heads
Contributor(s):: Schiffer, K. J., Retz, S. K., Richter, U., Algers, B., Hensel, O.
There have been many improvements regarding transport conditions, pre-slaughter handling, and captive-bolt stunning of cattle at commercial abattoirs, but many challenges still exist. Animals unaccustomed to human-animal contact, such as free-range beef cattle, may be especially difficult to...
Do rubber rings coated with lignocaine reduce the pain associated with ring castration of lambs?
Contributor(s):: Stewart, M., Beausoleil, N. J., Johnson, C. B., Webster, J. R., Schutz, K. E., Cox, N., Stafford, K. J.
To facilitate the wider use of pain relief on-farm, practical 'farmer friendly' methods for administering pain relief are necessary. This proof of concept study evaluated the efficacy of rubber rings coated with local anaesthetic (LA, lignocaine) for providing pain relief in lambs castrated 4...
Evaluation of microwave energy as a humane stunning technique based on electroencephalography (EEG) of anaesthetised cattle
Contributor(s):: Rault, J. L., Hemsworth, P. H., Cakebread, P. L., Mellor, D. J., Johnson, C. B.
Humane slaughter implies that an animal experiences minimal pain and distress before it is killed. Stunning is commonly used to induce insensibility but can lead to variable results or be considered unsatisfactory by some religious groups. Microwave energy can induce insensibility in rats, and...
Identifying sustainability issues for soymeal and beef production chains
Contributor(s):: Kamali, F. P., Meuwissen, M. P. M., Boer, I. J. M. de, Stolz, H., Jahrl, I., Garibay, S. V., Jacobsen, R., Driesen, T., Oude Lansink, A. G. J. M.
The expansion of livestock production throughout the world has led to increased demand for high protein animal feed. This expansion has created economic benefits for livestock farmers and other actors in the chain, but also resulted in environmental and social side effects. This study aims to...
Investigating the motivation to play in lambs
Contributor(s):: Chapagain, D., Uvnas-Moberg, K., Lidfors, L. M.
The aim of this study was to identify behaviours and ear postures linked to the appetitive, consummatory and post-consummatory motivational phases of play in male lambs, and to evaluate how cortisol was affected by play. Ten pairs of male lambs, Ovis aries were observed in a play arena three...
Methods for cross point analysis of double-demand functions in assessing animal preferences
Contributor(s):: Engel, B., Webb, L. E., Jensen, M. B., Reenen, C. G. van, Bokkers, E. A. M.
Cross point analysis of double demand functions provides a compelling way to quantify the strength of animal preferences for two simultaneously presented resources. During daily sessions, animals have to work to gain access to (a portion of) either resource, e.g. by pressing one of two panels a...
The major welfare problems of dairy cows in French commercial farms: an epidemiological approach
Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Coignard, M., Bareille, N., Guatteo, R., Capdeville, J., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.
Animal welfare enhancement requires that problems are reliably identified and ranked in order to prioritise corrective actions. Welfare problems vary with the conditions in which animals are maintained. The objectives were to highlight major welfare problems for dairy cows on farms in France, and...
A close keeper-nonhuman animal distance does not reduce undesirable behavior in contact yard goats and sheep
Contributor(s):: Anderson, U. S., Maple, T. L., Bloomsmith, M. A.
This study investigated the relation between zookeeper-nonhuman animal distance and the undesirable behaviour that goats and sheep exhibited toward visitors of Zoo Atlanta's (Georgia, USA) contact yard. It hypothesized that a close distance between keeper and animal would be associated with a...
A note on the effect of controlling stable flies ( Stomxys calcitrans ) in the resting activity and pen distribution of dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Vitela, I., Cruz-Vazquez, C., Orihuela, A.
This study investigated the effect of controlling stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans) on the number of dairy cows lying down and their pen distribution. The study randomly assigned 80 Holstein cows to 1 of 2 groups. The treated group (T) included cows individually sprayed with insecticide when...
Artificial weaning of calves: benefits and costs
Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V.
Evidence indicates that allowing beef calves to stay in the maternal herd beyond the age of natural weaning promotes animal welfare and may enhance the cows' natural reproductive potential.
Assessing the welfare of dairy cattle. (Special issue: food animal husbandry and the new millennium)
Contributor(s):: Rushen, J.
This article suggests that health problems represent some of the main threats to the welfare of dairy cattle. Although disagreement often arises about what constitutes the main welfare problems, there is broad agreement that welfare is reduced by health problems. In recent decades, a marked...
Behavior of lambs in rest pens during long-distance transport
Contributor(s):: Krawczel, P. D., Friend, T. H., Archer, G. S.
The aim of this study was to determine how one group of lambs utilized 2 consecutive rest periods in novel environments with access to food and water that occurred during 22 hr of motor transport. The 18.5+or-0.6 kg lambs (n=15) were transported for 8 hr and then unloaded for a 6-hr rest period....
Dairy cow behavior and welfare implications of time waiting before entry into the milking parlor
Contributor(s):: Dijkstra, C., Veermae, I., Praks, J., Poikalainen, V., Arney, D. R.
The objective of this study was to investigate dairy cows' time spent in the possibly stressful waiting area (WA) of the milking parlor (MP) and their behavioral patterns while there and thereby investigate comparative effects on their welfare. The experiments were carried out in 3 loose-housing...