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  1. Brazilian Citizens' Opinions and Attitudes about Farm Animal Production Systems

    Contributor(s):: Maria C. Yunes, Marina A. G. von Keyserlingk, Maria J. Hotzel

    The inclusion of societal input is needed for food animal production industries to retain their “social license to operate”. Little is known about the knowledge and attitudes of Brazilian citizens regarding food animal production systems. The aim of this study was to explore the...

  2. Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries

    Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.

    The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...

  3. Human-animal interactions of community dogs in Campo Largo, Brazil: a descriptive study

    Contributor(s):: Kwok, Y. K. E., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Sprea, G., Molento, C. F. M.

    Free-roaming, ownerless dogs comprise a considerable portion of Brazil's dog population. To address societal concerns for animal welfare, the Brazilian town of Campo Largo established the "community dog program," where free-roaming dogs are cared for by self-appointed community members, known as...

  4. A comparison of zoo animal behavior in the presence of familiar and unfamiliar people

    Contributor(s):: Martin, R. A., Melfi, V.

    As recorded in domestic nonhuman animals, regular interactions between animals in zoos and keepers and the resulting relationship formed (human-animal relationship [HAR]) are likely to influence the animals' behaviors with associated welfare consequences. HAR formation requires that zoo animals...

  5. Pets in the context of disaster: challenges of (de)protectionAnimais de estimacao em contexto de desastres: desafios de (des)protecao

    Contributor(s):: Antonio, L. S., Valencio, N. F. L. da S.

    Immeasurable social-environmental damage and losses occur in catastrophic disasters related to hydro meteorological events. Some of them have prominence to the authorities who work in the emergency context and others do not. In Brazil, in general, animals seriously affected in these disasters...

  6. Company human-animal interaction in the municipality of Paragominas, southeast of ParaInteracao homem-animal de companhia no municipio de Paragominas, sudeste do Para

    Contributor(s):: Santos, R. C. B., Moura, K. B., Sousa e Sousa, E., Oliveira, R. A. de, Soares, B. C., Melo, W. de O.

    Objective of this study was to characterize the creation of companion animals raised in the southeastern region of Para. The study was conducted in the municipality of Paragominas-PA, from June to July 2015. The method used in data collection was the survey with questionnaires containing open and...

  7. The First Record of a Pre-Columbian Domestic Dog (Canis lupus familiaris) in Brazil

    Contributor(s):: R. Guedes Milheira, D. M. Loponte, C. García Esponda, A. Acosta, P. Ulguim

    Archaeological excavations of the PSG-07 earthen mound at Pontal da Barra in Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil have revealed the earliest known evidence for the presence of domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris) in Brazil. This is the first reported pre-Columbian example in the country. Analysis...

  8. Identification of hemoparasites and ticks of dogs from the Zoonoses Control Center of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

    Contributor(s):: Fabiana Pessoa Salgado

    The aim of this study was to identify hemoparasites and ticks of dogs treated at the Zoonoses Control Center in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. Blood and venous blood smears were obtained from 167 dogs from various regions of the city. From the total of animals examined, 62.28%...

  9. The interaction of the pantaneiro man with his horse.

    Contributor(s):: RS Juliano, SA Santos, UGP de Abreu, Rams Silva, MTBD Araujo

    The importance of the Pantaneiro horse for the man who lives in the field, creating and working the cattle, is evident and it is an interface of pantanal everyday life, still little studied, under the specific perspective of science. The text brings information from the literature and from...

  10. Evaluating Human Threats to Three Canid Species of the Brazilian Cerrado

    Contributor(s):: Stacie M. Bickley

    The hoary fox (Lycalopex vetulus), crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous), and maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), are three canid species that are sympatric in the Brazilian Cerrado. In some areas in central Brazil, more than 80% of the Cerrado ecosystem has been converted into agricultural fields...

  11. Leptospirosis in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: An Ecosystem Approach in the Animal-Human Interface

    Contributor(s):: Maria Cristina Schneider, Patricia Najera, Martha M. Pereira, Gustavo Machado, Celso B. dos Anjos, Rogerio O. Rodrigues, Gabriela M. Cavagni, Claudia Munoz-Zanzi, Luis G. Corbellini, Daniel F. Buss, Sylvain Aldighieri, Marcos A. Espinal

    BackgroundLeptospirosis is an epidemic-prone neglected disease that affects humans and animals, mostly in vulnerable populations. The One Health approach is a recommended strategy to identify drivers of the disease and plan for its prevention and control. In that context, the aim of this study...

  12. A interação do homem pantaneiro com seu cavalo

    Contributor(s):: Raquel Soares Juliano, Sandra Aparecida Santos, Urbano Gomes Pinto de Abreu, Roberto Aguilar Machado Santos Silva, Marcos Tadeu Borges Daniel Araujo

    The importance of the Pantaneiro horse for the man who lives in the field, creating and working the cattle, is evident and it is an interface of pantanal everyday life, still little studied, under the specific perspective of science. The text brings information from the literature and from...

  13. How the rehabilitation of animals in captivity affects survival rates upon release : focus on a reintroduction project with Amazonas vinacea

    Contributor(s):: Karen Burk

        The topic of rehabilitation is of special importance when concerning animals that are near extinction. Biodiversity is the variety of animals, plants, their habitats and their genes. It is a key part of the functioning of the planet; if it is changed over a large scale then...

  14. Population demographic survey and ownership of pet dogs and cats from a small city of southern Brazil

    Contributor(s):: Trapp, S. M., Maeda, M. S. C. de F., Kemper, B., Barca Junior, F. A., Freire, R. L., Pretto-Giordano, L. G., Headley, S. A.

    This study evaluated the population dynamics and ownerships of dogs and cats from the city of Jaguapita, southern Brazil. The human to dog and cat ratios were 4.6 and 21.5, respectively. Comparatively more dogs ( n=2,460) than cats ( n=571) were within the households and there were significantly...

  15. Guard of animals in charge: population of visionGuarda responsavel de animais: visao da populacao

    Contributor(s):: Porto, W. J. N., Andrade, M. R., Mota, R. A.

    A study was conducted to determine the knowledge level of responsible animal ownership in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil [date not given]. It was shown that only 24% of respondents knew what constituted responsible pet ownership and care. Some of those who gave examples of proper pet care such as...

  16. Cats abandonment versus adoptionAbandono de gatos versus adocao

    Contributor(s):: Pinheiro, A. G., Alves, N. D., Andrade Neto, D., Lima, J. L. A. de, Rodrigues, A. M. B., Silva, F. B.

    This study was conducted to determine the pattern and factors affecting of cat abandonment and adoption in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil [date not given]. It was shown that most of the respondents' cats were abandoned prior to being adopted. Other cats were obtained as gifts, purchased or adopted...

  17. Knowledge about the penalties imposed people who mistreat animalsConhecimento sobre as penalidades aplicadas as pessoas que maltratam animais

    Contributor(s):: Lima, J. L. A. de, Alves, N. D., Amora, S. S. A., Lima, C. T. A. de, Torres, L. F., Melo, F. da C. S.

    A survey was conducted to determine the knowledge level of penalties for animal cruelty in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil [date not given]. It was shown that 60% of respondents said they knew animals had legislative protection, while 40% were unaware of this. 18% said they knew some animal...

  18. Protocol for expert report on animal welfare in case of companion animal cruelty suspicion

    Contributor(s):: Hammerschmidt, J., Molento, C. F. M.

    Animal welfare expert reports may support court decisions when animal abuse or maltreatment is suspected. The objective of this work is to adapt animal welfare assessment protocols to identify companion animal abuse. The proposed protocol includes four indicator categories: nutritional, comfort,...

  19. Population estimate and surgical sterilization program for cats and dogsEstimativa populacional e programa de esterilizacao cirurgica de caes e gatos

    Contributor(s):: Catapan, D. C., Villanova Junior, J. A., Weber, S. H., Mangrich, R. M. V., Szczypkovski, A. D., Catapan, A., Pimpao, C. T.

    The objectives of this study were to estimate the population of dogs and cats evaluate whether sociocultural indicators influence the attitudes of responsible ownership and verify the impact of surgical sterilizations performed in Sao Jose dos Pinhais/PR. The estimation was carried out in six...

  20. Instituto Nacional de Acoes e Terapias Assistidas por Animais

    The INATAA (National Institute of Securities and Animal Assisted Therapy) is a non-governmental organization founded in 2008 with the aim of providing the elderly and sick children improvement in physical, emotional and mental health through the therapeutic benefits of human-animal...