Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans
Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...
Perceptions of Pit Bulls and Other Canine Breeds
Contributor(s):: Mallary A. Paoli
The purpose of this study is to research people’s attitudes towards pit bull breeds compared to other dog breeds. The term “pit bull” refers to a type of dog with certain physical features including a muscular and stocky build, short coats, and a large skull with a square jaw....
Exploring breed differences in dogs (Canis lupus familiaris): Does exaggeration or inhibition of predatory response predict performance on human-guided tasks?
Contributor(s):: Monique A.r. Udall, Margaret Ewald, Nicole R. Dorey, Clive D. Wynne
Domestic dogs’, Canis familiaris, responsiveness to human action has been a topic of scientific interest for almost two decades. However, are all breeds of domestic dog equally prepared to succeed on humanguided object-choice tasks? In the current study we compared three breeds of...
Dog Behavior: An Evolutionary Perspective
Contributor(s):: Laura Noel
The behavior of the modern domesticated dog is heavily influenced in its evolutionary history. I studied the evolution of the domestic dog from its origins and applied this evolutionary history to understanding the behavior of domestic dogs, and how it differs from undomesticated canine species....
Study on blood physiology characteristics in working dogs
Contributor(s):: Yang, JiaQiang, Cao, JingFeng, Du, XiaoPeng, Kong, XiaoYan, Yan, DaWei
Adult working dog has to do a lot of intense physical training every day. The blood physiology and hemorheological indexes were measured in three adult working dogs (Kunming, German shepherd, Belgian malinois) and one indigenous breed in Kunming. The results showed that the number of red blood...
Maintenance energy requirements of odor detection, explosive detection and human detection working dogs
Contributor(s):: Mullis, R. A., Witzel, A. L., Price, J.
Despite their important role in security, little is known about the energy requirements of working dogs such as odor, explosive and human detection dogs. Previous researchers have evaluated the energy requirements of individual canine breeds as well as dogs in exercise roles such as sprint...
Traits of drug and explosives detection in dogs of two breeds as evaluated by their handlers and trainers
Contributor(s):: Adamkiewicz, E., Jezierski, T., Walczak, M., Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Sobczynska, M., Prokopczyk, M., Ensminger, J.
Police dogs handlers' and trainers' opinions on Labrador retrievers (n=87) and German shepherds (n=96) trained for drugs vs. explosives detection have been compared. As most important traits in both specialties the responders indicated: (1) willingness to sniff objects, (2) concentration...
Genetic Canine Agression
Contributor(s):: Isabella O\'Toole
Canine aggression can pose a serious concern for public and animal welfare. Most of what we know about aggression comes from bite statistics, expert opinions and breed-specific aggressiveness. These sources can often be misleading due to biases toward large or powerful breeds. In this review, I...
Conformation analysis of horses used in equine-assisted activities at Polish hippotherapeutic centers
Contributor(s):: Lojek, J., Pluta, M., Ciesla, A., Domachowska, A., Przybylowicz, N., Lojek, A.
The objective of the research was to determine the basic conformation traits of horses of different breeds performing hippotherapeutic service at chosen equine therapy centers. The research material included a total of 47 horses from 9 centers: Warsaw (7 horses), Bydgoszcz (6), Lublin and the...
Breed differences in everyday behaviour of dogs
Contributor(s):: Asp, H. E., Fikse, W. F., Nilsson, K., Strandberg, E.
The domestication of the dog and the ensuing breed creation has resulted in a plethora of dog breeds that differ not only in morphology but also in terms of behaviour. In addition, a majority of the dogs today are no longer utilized for their working ability, but are mainly kept as companion...
Performance of Pugs, German Shepherds, and Greyhounds (Canis lupus familiaris) on an odor-discrimination task
Contributor(s):: Hall, Nathaniel J., Glenn, Kelsey, Smith, David W., Wynne, Clive D. L.
Variations in the timing of reinforcement as a training technique for foals ( Equus caballus )
Contributor(s):: Warren-Smith, A. K., McLean, A. N., Nicol, H. I., McGreevy, P. D.
Horses are used worldwide for a range of activities. Their usefulness and welfare in these pursuits are strongly influenced by their trainability, which may in turn be influenced by learning ability. Handling and riding horses can expose both handler and horse to a considerable risk of injury....
Well-being and its roots
Contributor(s):: Fraser, A. F.
This chapter describes the physiological and behavioural indicators of health and well-being in cats. The specific behavioural traits of some different cat breeds are also included.
Measuring the heat loss in horses in different seasons by infrared thermography
Contributor(s):: Autio, E., Neste, R., Airaksinen, S., Heiskanen, M. L.
It is necessary to consider breed and cold tolerance in the housing and caring of horses. This study demonstrates differences in heat loss between horse types at low temperatures and examines rate of loss in different types during different seasons. Eighteen horses participated. Groups by type...
Prediction of adoption versus euthanasia among dogs and cats in a California animal shelter
Contributor(s):: Lepper, M., Kass, P. H., Hart, L. A.
The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the determinants of adoption for cats and dogs from a large municipal animal shelter. The subjects were 4813 cats and 3301 dogs impounded by the Sacramento County Department of Animal Care and Regulation and offered for adoption...
The effect of familiarity on behavior of kenneled dogs during interactions with conspecifics
Contributor(s):: Pullen, A. J., Merrill, R. J. N., Bradshaw, J. W. S.
Kenneled environments often prevent direct physical contact between dogs, potentially causing stress, and so it has been recommended that such contact should be provided. This study examined the effect of familiarity on the behavior of dogs during off-lead interaction. Kenneled dogs (3 breeds)...
Behavioral differences among breeds of domestic dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris): current status of the science
Contributor(s):: Mehrkam, L. R., Wynne, C. D. L.
In both popular media and scientific literature, it is commonly stated that breeds of dogs differ behaviorally in substantial, consistent and predictable ways. Since the mid-twentieth century, scientists have asked whether meaningful behavioral differences exist between breeds of dogs. Today,...
A study on the temperament type of puppies in the animated toy test with regard to their proper socialization and specific behaviour build-up
Contributor(s):: Stoycheva, I., Uzunova, K., Binev, R., Bivolarski, B., Georgieva, V., Rusenov, A., Slavov, T.
In order to typify their temperaments and facilitate their training and formation of desired behaviour, 24 7-week-old Pointer, Boxer, and German Shepherd puppies were tested twice in an ethological test. Emphasis was put on behavioural activities such as fear, orientation, purposefulness,...
The effect of breed on age-related changes in behavior and disease prevalence in cognitively normal older community dogs, Canis lupus familiaris
Contributor(s):: Salvin, H. E., McGreevy, P. D., Sachdev, P. S., Valenzuela, M. J.
Variation in breed longevity in the dog has led to the inference that large dogs age at a faster rate than small dogs, possibly because of an increased oxidative load. Potential differences in behavioral aging (the rate of age-related decline in cognito-behavioral performance) across breeds...
Acculturation - perceptions of breed differences in behavior of the dog ( Canis familiaris)
Contributor(s):: Clarke, T., Cooper, J., Mills, D.