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  1. Maintenance energy requirements of odor detection, explosive detection and human detection working dogs

    Contributor(s):: Mullis, R. A., Witzel, A. L., Price, J.

    Despite their important role in security, little is known about the energy requirements of working dogs such as odor, explosive and human detection dogs. Previous researchers have evaluated the energy requirements of individual canine breeds as well as dogs in exercise roles such as sprint...

  2. Effect of a stimulating environment during the socialization period on the performance of adult police working dogs

    Contributor(s):: Lopes, B., Alves, J., Santos, A., Pereira, G. da G.

    The aim of this study was to determine if using a stimulating enrichment park environment during the socialization period of police working dogs improved social skills. Our intent was to learn whether such exposure could maximize working dog performance in future situations as adults. Six...

  3. Olfactory discrimination and generalization of ammonium nitrate and structurally related odorants in Labrador retrievers

    Contributor(s):: Lazarowski, L., Foster, M. L., Gruen, M. E., Sherman, B. L., Fish, R. E., Milgram, N. W., Dorman, D. C.

    A critical aspect of canine explosive detection involves the animal's ability respond to novel, untrained odors based on prior experience with training odors. In the current study, adult Labrador retrievers ( N=15) were initially trained to discriminate between a rewarded odor (vanillin) and an...

  4. Distribution, complications, and outcome of footpad injuries in pet and military working dogs

    Contributor(s):: Hansen, L. A., Hazenfield, K. M., Olea-Popelka, F., Smeak, D. D.

    This study reports the findings of 120 traumatic pad injuries in pet and military dogs. Most dogs (68%) presented with a laceration to a thoracic limb footpad, and one-third of dogs were middle-aged castrated males. Metacarpal pads were most commonly injured. Short-term complications were noted...

  5. Protocol for expert report on animal welfare in case of companion animal cruelty suspicion

    Contributor(s):: Hammerschmidt, J., Molento, C. F. M.

    Animal welfare expert reports may support court decisions when animal abuse or maltreatment is suspected. The objective of this work is to adapt animal welfare assessment protocols to identify companion animal abuse. The proposed protocol includes four indicator categories: nutritional, comfort,...

  6. Dos and don'ts of canine interaction: importance of responsible ownership

    Contributor(s):: Green, E.

  7. Guide dogs: medical tool on four pawsBlindenfuhrhunde: Medizinisches Hilfsmittel auf vier Pfoten

    Contributor(s):: Hacker, S.

    This article discusses the training and suitability of guide dogs for blind people in Germany.

  8. Helping assistance dog owners

    Contributor(s):: Fraser, M.

  9. Habitus and responsible dog-ownership: reconsidering the health promotion implications of 'dog-shaped' holes in people's lives

    Contributor(s):: Degeling, C., Rock, M., Rogers, W., Riley, T.

    Responsible dog ownership has been identified as a point of intervention to promote physical activity, based upon an expectation of dog walking in public space. Nevertheless, quantitative research has found variability among owners in their dog walking. In this study, we explore the implications...

  10. Applying One Health to the study of animal-assisted interventions

    Contributor(s):: Chalmers, D., Dell, C. A.

    The use of animal-assisted interventions in therapeutic programs is a growing phenomenon. Animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) involve a variety of species (dogs, cats, horses, domesticated birds, etc.) in primary health care. Despite their increasing application in a wide range of therapeutic...

  11. On-site veterinary medical evaluation and care of working dogs and horses at the 2012 Republican National Convention

    Contributor(s):: Chatfield, J. A., Dewell, R., Miranda, A. J., Wilcox, S., Vannieuwenhoven, T. J.

    Objective - To describe on-site veterinary medical care for working dogs and horses deployed for the 2012 Republican National Convention (RNC) in Tampa, Fla, August 24 to 30, 2012. Design - Retrospective case series. Sample - 130 dogs and 45 horses. Procedures - Data collected included breed,...

  12. Population estimate and surgical sterilization program for cats and dogsEstimativa populacional e programa de esterilizacao cirurgica de caes e gatos

    Contributor(s):: Catapan, D. C., Villanova Junior, J. A., Weber, S. H., Mangrich, R. M. V., Szczypkovski, A. D., Catapan, A., Pimpao, C. T.

    The objectives of this study were to estimate the population of dogs and cats evaluate whether sociocultural indicators influence the attitudes of responsible ownership and verify the impact of surgical sterilizations performed in Sao Jose dos Pinhais/PR. The estimation was carried out in six...

  13. Using the incidence and impact of health conditions in guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in working dogs

    Contributor(s):: Caron-Lormier, G., England, G. C. W., Green, M. J., Asher, L.

    This study aimed to use retirement data from working guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in dogs and the demographic factors that influence ageing. Using a dataset of 7686 dogs spanning 20 years, dogs withdrawn for health reasons before they reached retirement were identified. Cases of...

  14. Characterization of assistance dogs (guide dogs, hearing dogs and service dogs) in PortugalCaraterizacao dos caes de assistencia (caes-guia, caes para surdos e caes de servico) em Portugal

    Contributor(s):: Carmo, S. A. P. do, Fonseca, I. M. S. P. da, Rosa, I. M. N. G.

    Today's society increasingly tries to provide a way to ease and improve the quality of the human being life with disabilities, like the use of assistance dogs. Guide dogs help blind people, hearing dogs assist people with severe hearing difficulties and service dogs help people with mobility,...

  15. Traits of drug and explosives detection in dogs of two breeds as evaluated by their handlers and trainers

    Contributor(s):: Adamkiewicz, E., Jezierski, T., Walczak, M., Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Sobczynska, M., Prokopczyk, M., Ensminger, J.

    Police dogs handlers' and trainers' opinions on Labrador retrievers (n=87) and German shepherds (n=96) trained for drugs vs. explosives detection have been compared. As most important traits in both specialties the responders indicated: (1) willingness to sniff objects, (2) concentration...

  16. Unusual animal behavior preceding the 2011 earthquake off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku, Japan: a way to predict the approach of large earthquakes

    Contributor(s):: Yamauchi, H., Uchiyama, H., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.

    Unusual animal behaviors (UABs) have been observed before large earthquakes (EQs), however, their mechanisms are unclear. While information on UABs has been gathered after many EQs, few studies have focused on the ratio of emerged UABs or specific behaviors prior to EQs. On 11 March 2011, an EQ...

  17. Large dog relinquishment to two municipal facilities in New York City and Washington, D.C.: identifying targets for intervention

    Contributor(s):: Weiss, E., Slater, M., Garrison, L., Drain, N., Dolan, E., Scarlett, J. M., Zawistowski, S. L.

    While the overall trend in euthanasia has been decreasing nationally, large dogs are at a higher risk of euthanasia than other sized dogs in most animal shelters in the United States. We hypothesized one way to increase the lives saved with respect to these large dogs is to keep them home when...

  18. Semi-ownership and sterilisation of cats and dogs in Thailand

    Contributor(s):: Toukhsati, S. R., Phillips, C. J. C., Podberscek, A. L., Coleman, G. J.

    The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of cat and dog semi-ownership in Thailand and factors that predict sterilisation. Semi-ownership was defined as interacting/caring for a companion animal that the respondent does not own, such as a stray cat or dog. A randomised telephone...

  19. Should dogs and cats be given as gifts?

    Contributor(s):: Weiss, E., Dolan, E. D., Garrison, L., Hong, J., Slater, M.

    Policies that state dogs and cats should not be adopted as gifts are prevalent at animal welfare organizations, despite the fact that this belief is unfounded. Denying adopters who intend to give the animals as gifts may unnecessarily impede the overarching goal of increasing the rate of...

  20. Preliminary investigation of food guarding behavior in shelter dogs in the United States

    Contributor(s):: Mohan-Gibbons, H., Weiss, E., Slater, M.

    A survey given to animal shelters across the US reported food bowl guarding as one of the most common reasons for euthanasia and only 34% attempted to modify this guarding behavior. This study identified 96 dogs that guarded their food bowl during an assessment, and then placed them into a home...