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  1. Shelter-specific occupational stress among employees in animal shelters

    Contributor(s):: Schneider, M., Roberts, J.

    In the past 10 years a small number of articles have examined the personal and organizational costs associated with euthanasia-related strain among employees in animal shelters. However, there is very little research focusing on a wider range of potential stressors especially without a...

  2. Comparing lateral bias in dogs and humans using the Kong TM ball test

    Contributor(s):: Wells, D. L., Hepper, P. G., Milligan, A. D. S., Barnard, S.

    The Kong TM ball test has been used extensively to assess lateral bias in the domestic dog. Implicit in this challenge is the assumption that dogs use their dominant paw to stabilise the ball. This study examined whether or not this is the case. A comparative approach was adopted, exploring limb...

  3. Preference assessments and structured potential adopter-dog interactions increase adoptions

    Contributor(s):: Protopopova, A., Brandifino, M., Wynne, C. D. L.

    Previous research showed that lying down next to potential adopters and not ignoring their play initiations during interactions outside of the kennel correlate with increased likelihood of adoption in shelter dogs. In the present study, we experimentally assessed whether increasing these...

  4. Blue foxes' ( Vulpes lagopus) motivation to gain access and interact with various resources

    Contributor(s):: Koistinen, T., Korhonen, H. T., Hamalainen, E., Mononen, J.

    We analysed the willingness of blue foxes ( Vulpes lagopus) to work for and utilise five resources: a platform, wooden block, sand floor, nest box and empty space. Ten juvenile blue fox males were housed singly in apparatus consisting of three cages connected with one-way doors through the walls...

  5. Relationships between personality of human-dog dyads and performances in working tasks

    Contributor(s):: Hoummady, S., Peron, F., Grandjean, D., Clero, D., Bernard, B., Titeux, E., Desquilbet, L., Gilbert, C.

    Improving operational performances of working dog-human dyads is receiving more and more attention. Despite this interest, the associations between human personality, dog personality, dog-human personality matching and dyad performances have rarely been addressed. This study explores the links...

  6. The fearful, anxious, & worried pet

    Contributor(s):: Deporter, T.

  7. What or where? The meaning of referential human pointing for dogs ( Canis familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Tauzin, T., Csik, A., Kis, A., Topal, J.

    Dogs have a unique capacity to follow human pointing, and thus it is often assumed that they can comprehend the referential meaning of such signals. However, it is still unclear whether dogs perceive human directional gestures as signals referring to a target object (indicating what to...

  8. New research relevant to companion animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Broom, D. M.

    The many studies published recently on cognition, welfare assessment and practical management of companion animals inform us about what we can and should do to improve welfare. Hence better advice can be offered on aspects of training, living conditions, problem situations and genetic selection....

  9. When dogs look back: inhibition of independent problem-solving behaviour in domestic dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris) compared with wolves ( Canis lupus)

    Contributor(s):: Udell, M. A. R.

    Domestic dogs have been recognized for their social sensitivity and aptitude in human-guided tasks. For example, prior studies have demonstrated that dogs look to humans when confronted with an unsolvable task; an action often interpreted as soliciting necessary help. Conversely, wolves persist...

  10. Owners' direct gazes increase dogs' attention-getting behaviors

    Contributor(s):: Ohkita, M., Nagasawa, M., Kazutaka, M., Kikusui, T.

    This study examined whether dogs gain information about human's attention via their gazes and whether they change their attention-getting behaviors (i.e., whining and whimpering, looking at their owners' faces, pawing, and approaching their owners) in response to their owners' direct gazes. The...

  11. Does affective information influence domestic dogs' ( Canis lupus familiaris) point-following behavior?

    Contributor(s):: Flom, R., Gartman, P.

    Several studies have examined dogs' ( Canis lupus familiaris) comprehension and use of human communicative cues. Relatively few studies have, however, examined the effects of human affective behavior (i.e., facial and vocal expressions) on dogs' exploratory and point-following behavior. In two...

  12. Detection of Verticillium dahliae in olive groves using canine detection units

    Contributor(s):: Pons Anglad a, L., Calvo Torras, M. dels A.

    Verticillium wilt is one of the most significant agricultural diseases in the world, in view of the fact that not only does it affect olive groves but also a wide variety of fruit, vegetable and ornamental plants. Currently, the most efficient and economical method of control involves the use of...

  13. Lost and hound: the more-than-human networks of rural policing

    Contributor(s):: Yarwood, R.

    The rhetoric of community is widely deployed in rural policing but can be problematic for three main reasons. The idea of community can exclude as well as include; be used as a way of shifting responsibility for policing away from the state and sometimes produces insular, bounded views of places....

  14. Study on blood physiology characteristics in working dogs

    Contributor(s):: Yang, JiaQiang, Cao, JingFeng, Du, XiaoPeng, Kong, XiaoYan, Yan, DaWei

    Adult working dog has to do a lot of intense physical training every day. The blood physiology and hemorheological indexes were measured in three adult working dogs (Kunming, German shepherd, Belgian malinois) and one indigenous breed in Kunming. The results showed that the number of red blood...

  15. Guide dogs as a model for investigating the effect of life experience and training on gazing behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Scandurra, A., Prato-Previde, E., Valsecchi, P., Aria, M., D'Aniello, B.

    The present study aimed at evaluating possible behavioural differences between guide dogs living in a kennel and interacting with a trainer and those living in a house and interacting with a blind person and their family, when they are faced with an unsolvable task. Fifty-two Labrador retrievers...

  16. Human-related factors regulate the presence of domestic dogs in protected areas

    Contributor(s):: Soto, C. A., Palomares, F.

    The presence of domestic species such as dogs Canis familiaris in protected areas can cause problems for native species as a result of competition, predation and disease transmission. To improve our ability to design effective control policies we investigated the factors affecting detection of...

  17. Population demographic survey and ownership of pet dogs and cats from a small city of southern Brazil

    Contributor(s):: Trapp, S. M., Maeda, M. S. C. de F., Kemper, B., Barca Junior, F. A., Freire, R. L., Pretto-Giordano, L. G., Headley, S. A.

    This study evaluated the population dynamics and ownerships of dogs and cats from the city of Jaguapita, southern Brazil. The human to dog and cat ratios were 4.6 and 21.5, respectively. Comparatively more dogs ( n=2,460) than cats ( n=571) were within the households and there were significantly...

  18. Animal-assisted therapy: New disinfectant list of DVG for "Established veterinary practice and animal shelters "Tiergestutzte Therapien: Neue Desinfektionsmittelliste der DVG fur die Bereiche "Niedergelassene Veterinarpraxis und Tierheime"

    Contributor(s):: Rheinbaben, F. von, Werner, S.

    This article presents a list of some of the veterinary disinfectants/drugs recommended by the German Veterinary Society for private animal hospitals and animal shelters highlighting the indications, efficacy, metabolism, dosage effects, and pharmokinetics of each product.

  19. Guard of animals in charge: population of visionGuarda responsavel de animais: visao da populacao

    Contributor(s):: Porto, W. J. N., Andrade, M. R., Mota, R. A.

    A study was conducted to determine the knowledge level of responsible animal ownership in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil [date not given]. It was shown that only 24% of respondents knew what constituted responsible pet ownership and care. Some of those who gave examples of proper pet care such as...

  20. Energy intake and expenditure of improvised explosive device detection dogs

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, S. P., Kutzner-Mulligan, J., Davis, M.

    Improvised explosive device detection (IDD) dogs explore up to 40 km of land daily and therefore have energetic demands that may be above the National Research Council's requirement for working dogs. This study was designed to quantify metabolic energy intake (MEI) and total energy expenditure...