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Online videos indicate human and dog behaviour preceding dog bites and the context in which bites occur
Contributor(s):: Sara C. Owczarczak-Garstecka, Francine Watkins, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth
YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived...
Separation, Confinement, or Noises: What Is Scaring That Dog?
Contributor(s):: Ballantyne, K. C.
A veterinary perspective on preventing injuries and other problems that shorten the life of working dogs
Contributor(s):: Worth, A. J., Cave, N. J.
Enhanced Selection of Assistance and Explosive Detection Dogs Using Cognitive Measures
| Contributor(s):: MacLean, E. L., Hare, B.
Working dogs play a variety of important roles, ranging from assisting individuals with disabilities, to explosive and medical detection work. Despite widespread demand, only a subset of dogs bred and trained for these roles ultimately succeed, creating a need for objective measures that can...
Clinical Presentation, Causes, Treatment, and Outcome of Lip Avulsion Injuries in Dogs and Cats: 24 Cases (2001–2017)
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| Contributor(s):: Kelly M. Saverino, Alexander M. Reiter
Lip avulsions are a common result of orofacial trauma in dogs and cats. Vehicular trauma and bite wounds are common causes. Surgical therapy is highly successful with early decontamination and tension-free closure. This retrospective case series assessed the signalment, causes, lesion location,...
Zinc Nanoparticles Enhance Brain Connectivity in the Canine Olfactory Network: Evidence From an fMRI Study in Unrestrained Awake Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Bhavitha Ramaihgari, Oleg M. Pustovyy, Paul Waggoner, Ronald J. Beyers, Chester Wildey, Edward Morrison, Nouha Salibi, Jeffrey S. Katz, Thomas S. Denney, Vitaly J. Vodyanoy, Gopikrishna Deshpande
Prior functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) studies have indicated increased neural activation when zinc nanoparticles are added to odorants in canines. Here we demonstrate that zinc nanoparticles up-regulate directional brain connectivity in parts of the canine olfactory network. This...
Defining and Clarifying the Terms Canine Possessive Aggression and Resource Guarding: A Study of Expert Opinion
| Contributor(s):: Jacquelyn A. Jacobs, Jason B. Coe, Tina M. Widowski, David L. Pearl, Lee Niel
The terms possessive aggression and resource guarding are often used interchangeably to describe behavior patterns used by a dog to control primary access to a perceived valuable item. The use of inconsistent terminology may impact the effectiveness of communication between...
Child-Canine Bonding in Children with ASD: Findings Within and Across Case Studies
| Contributor(s):: Kathryn Struik, John-Tyler Binfet
The demand for support for families impacted by Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) continues to grow, and one increasingly popular avenue of support is the use of companion canines. Parents searching for service canines trained to work with children with ASD, however, face formidable...
Feasibility for Measuring Transverse Area Ratios and Asymmetry of Lumbosacral Region Paraspinal Muscles in Working Dogs Using Computed Tomography
| Contributor(s):: Bethany Cain, Jeryl C. Jones, Ida Holásková, Larry Freeman, Bess Pierce
Objectives: Describe computed tomographic (CT) anatomy of canine lumbosacral (LS) paraspinal muscles, a method for measuring paraspinal muscle transverse area ratios and asymmetry using CT, and application of this method in a small sample of working dogs with versus without LS...
Children's Perceptions of Friendliness Based on Physical Appearance in Humans and Canines
| Contributor(s):: Elizabeth B. Seagroves
Physical appearance serves as a window to one's character. More specifically, faces give us clues to an individual's emotional state, personality, and behavior. The present study aims to draw parallels between what existing literature reveals about the physical characteristics humans use...
Dog as a typical predator which communicates with manPies jako typowy drapieznik komunikujacy sie z czlowiekiem
| Contributor(s):: Kamieniak, J., Mazurkiewicz, T., Tietze, M.
This article aims at the presentation of a complex process of making ties between the dog and the man, that started from the domestication of a dog and was followed by the thousands years of co-evolution. Here, we were discussing the process of forming relationships between the dog and the man up...
Evaluation of pharmacokinetics and efficacy of ivermectin following oral administration in dogs against experimental infection of Ctenocephalides felis felis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus
| Contributor(s):: Magalhaes, V. S., Cid, Y. P., Ferreira, T. P., Medeiros, D. M. V., Batista, L. C. de S. O., Correia, T. R., Albert, A. L. M., Scott, F. B.
With the increasing number of pets in home the human-animal relationship is increasingly close and care about control disease growing. Ivermectin (IVM) is frequently used because its proven safety. IVM is recommended for the treatment of demodectic scabies and prevention of heartworm in dogs, but...
Communicating with pet owners about obesity: roles of the veterinary health care team
| Contributor(s):: Churchill, J., Ward, E.
Obesity continues to be the most prevalent nutritional problem of dogs and cats as well as one of the most frustrating conditions to treat successfully. Educating and assigning roles to all members of the health care team will improve staff engagement and the consistency and effectiveness of...
Post-communist canine: a feminist approach to women and dogs in canine performance sports in Poland
| Contributor(s):: Wlodarczyk, J.
The article attempts to present the complexity of relationships between women, capitalism, democracy, and competitive dog training in post-communist Poland. The article documents the correlation between increased involvement of women in competitive canine sports in Poland after 1989, changes in...
Assessing the dog: a theoretical analysis of the companion animal's actions in human-animal interactions
| Contributor(s):: Vitztum, C., Urbanik, J.
Companion animals are proposed as valuable assets in human-animal interaction (HAI) for human-health interventions. The benefit of a HAI is presumably based on the interaction between the two species. Although the actions and reactions of the human are routinely evaluated, nominal consideration...
Walking the thylacine: records of indigenous companion animals in Australian narrative and photographic history
| Contributor(s):: Philip, J., Garden, D.
This report examines the history and significance of indigenous companion animals within traditional Aboriginal society and in early Euro-Australian settlements. Working from historical photographic and anthropological records, the project constructs a visual and written record of these...
Taking it out on the dog: psychological and behavioral correlates of animal abuse proclivity
| Contributor(s):: Parfitt, C., Alleyne, E.
There is a lack of research examining the criminogenic factors related to animal abuse perpetrated by adults, despite the high prevalence of this type of offending. A correlational study examining the factors related to two types of animal abuse proclivity was used. We found that childhood animal...
The place of the dog in the family: a comparative case study of dog adoption
| Contributor(s):: Garcia, A. C.
This paper explores how perspectives on the appropriate place of the dog in the family shape the practice and experience of dog adoption. This research is based on a comparative case study of a traditional shelter and an independent animal rescue organization. The data were collected through...
Humanization of the companion animal - human relationship
| Contributor(s):: Fox, R., Gee, N. R.
This paper explores the changing nature of companion animal-human relationships in Britain over the past 30 years. This period has seen rapid change in attitudes and practices towards companion animals, with notable advances in medical treatment, nutrition, and understanding of non-human animal...