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  1. Examining differences between homebound older adult pet owners and non-pet owners in depression, systemic inflammation, and executive function

    Contributor(s):: Branson, S., Boss, L., Cron, S., Kang, DuckHee

    Homebound older adults are prone to depression, which is linked to systemic inflammation that promotes executive function decline. A companion animal may reduce the negative biobehavioral processes associated with depression, inflammation, and reduced executive function in homebound older adults....

  2. A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams

    Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.

    This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students ( n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....

  3. Pets and happiness: examining the association between pet ownership and wellbeing

    Contributor(s):: Bao, K. J., Schreer, G.

    Are pets associated with happiness in their owners? Some research has demonstrated positive connections between pets and the physical health of their owners, and more recently, research has shown the beneficial effects of pets on the negative aspects of mental health as well. However, much less...

  4. An investigation of the Rusbult Investment Model of commitment in relationships with pets

    Contributor(s):: Baker, Z. G., Petit, W. E., Brown, C. M.

    The present research examines relationships between people and their pets through the lens of the Rusbult Investment Model. The Rusbult Investment Model identifies important antecedents to commitment in a relationship: satisfaction with the relationship, quality of alternatives to the...

  5. Family Dog Project: history and future of the ethological approach to human-dog interaction

    Contributor(s):: Abdai, J., Miklosi, A.

    Dogs occupy a specific niche in the human social environment. Some authors argued that dogs' social competence show functional similarities in their components (e.g. attachment, rule following) to that of humans due to their long history living in anthropogenic environment if proper socialisation...

  6. Puppy temperament assessments predict breed and American Kennel Club group but not adult temperament

    Contributor(s):: Robinson, L. M., Thompson, R. S., Ha, J. C.

    Puppy assessments for companion dogs have shown mixed long-term reliability. Temperament is cited among the reasons for surrendering dogs to shelters. A puppy temperament test that reliably predicts adult behavior is one potential way to lower the number of dogs given to shelters. This study used...

  7. Analysis of dog adoption success and failure using surveys with vignettes

    Contributor(s):: Hill, S. E., Murphy, N. C.

    Adoption success of dogs who serve as companion animals was analyzed via surveys with vignettes. The researchers administered surveys with vignettes to animal shelter employees, veterinarians, and other animal-care professionals in Eastern North Carolina. Logistic and linear regression analyses...

  8. Shelter-specific occupational stress among employees in animal shelters

    Contributor(s):: Schneider, M., Roberts, J.

    In the past 10 years a small number of articles have examined the personal and organizational costs associated with euthanasia-related strain among employees in animal shelters. However, there is very little research focusing on a wider range of potential stressors especially without a...

  9. Comparing lateral bias in dogs and humans using the Kong TM ball test

    Contributor(s):: Wells, D. L., Hepper, P. G., Milligan, A. D. S., Barnard, S.

    The Kong TM ball test has been used extensively to assess lateral bias in the domestic dog. Implicit in this challenge is the assumption that dogs use their dominant paw to stabilise the ball. This study examined whether or not this is the case. A comparative approach was adopted, exploring limb...

  10. Preference assessments and structured potential adopter-dog interactions increase adoptions

    Contributor(s):: Protopopova, A., Brandifino, M., Wynne, C. D. L.

    Previous research showed that lying down next to potential adopters and not ignoring their play initiations during interactions outside of the kennel correlate with increased likelihood of adoption in shelter dogs. In the present study, we experimentally assessed whether increasing these...

  11. Relationships between personality of human-dog dyads and performances in working tasks

    Contributor(s):: Hoummady, S., Peron, F., Grandjean, D., Clero, D., Bernard, B., Titeux, E., Desquilbet, L., Gilbert, C.

    Improving operational performances of working dog-human dyads is receiving more and more attention. Despite this interest, the associations between human personality, dog personality, dog-human personality matching and dyad performances have rarely been addressed. This study explores the links...

  12. The fearful, anxious, & worried pet

    Contributor(s):: Deporter, T.

  13. What or where? The meaning of referential human pointing for dogs ( Canis familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Tauzin, T., Csik, A., Kis, A., Topal, J.

    Dogs have a unique capacity to follow human pointing, and thus it is often assumed that they can comprehend the referential meaning of such signals. However, it is still unclear whether dogs perceive human directional gestures as signals referring to a target object (indicating what to...

  14. New research relevant to companion animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Broom, D. M.

    The many studies published recently on cognition, welfare assessment and practical management of companion animals inform us about what we can and should do to improve welfare. Hence better advice can be offered on aspects of training, living conditions, problem situations and genetic selection....

  15. When dogs look back: inhibition of independent problem-solving behaviour in domestic dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris) compared with wolves ( Canis lupus)

    Contributor(s):: Udell, M. A. R.

    Domestic dogs have been recognized for their social sensitivity and aptitude in human-guided tasks. For example, prior studies have demonstrated that dogs look to humans when confronted with an unsolvable task; an action often interpreted as soliciting necessary help. Conversely, wolves persist...

  16. Owners' direct gazes increase dogs' attention-getting behaviors

    Contributor(s):: Ohkita, M., Nagasawa, M., Kazutaka, M., Kikusui, T.

    This study examined whether dogs gain information about human's attention via their gazes and whether they change their attention-getting behaviors (i.e., whining and whimpering, looking at their owners' faces, pawing, and approaching their owners) in response to their owners' direct gazes. The...

  17. Does affective information influence domestic dogs' ( Canis lupus familiaris) point-following behavior?

    Contributor(s):: Flom, R., Gartman, P.

    Several studies have examined dogs' ( Canis lupus familiaris) comprehension and use of human communicative cues. Relatively few studies have, however, examined the effects of human affective behavior (i.e., facial and vocal expressions) on dogs' exploratory and point-following behavior. In two...

  18. Detection of Verticillium dahliae in olive groves using canine detection units

    Contributor(s):: Pons Anglad a, L., Calvo Torras, M. dels A.

    Verticillium wilt is one of the most significant agricultural diseases in the world, in view of the fact that not only does it affect olive groves but also a wide variety of fruit, vegetable and ornamental plants. Currently, the most efficient and economical method of control involves the use of...

  19. Stress reduction and attachment in military veterans: Benefits of the veteran-canine bond

    Contributor(s):: Bradshaw-Scott, Tammy K.

  20. Perceptions of Pit Bulls and Other Canine Breeds

    Contributor(s):: Mallary A. Paoli

    The purpose of this study is to research people’s attitudes towards pit bull breeds compared to other dog breeds. The term “pit bull” refers to a type of dog with certain physical features including a muscular and stocky build, short coats, and a large skull with a square jaw....