May 19 2017
Canine Welfare Science Forum
Dingoes at the Doorstep: Home Range Sizes and Activity Patterns of Dingoes and Other Wild Dogs around Urban Areas of North-Eastern Australia
Contributor(s):: Alice T. McNeill, Luke K.P. Leung, Mark S. Goullet, Matthew N. Gentle, Benjamin L. Allen
Top-predators around the world are becoming increasingly intertwined with humans, sometimes causing conﬂict and increasing safety risks in urban areas. In Australia, dingoes and dingo×domesticdoghybridsarecommoninmanyurbanareas,andposeavarietyofhumanhealth and safety risks. However, data on...
The Dog: A Domestic Wolf to Communicate with Man: The Aggressiveness of the Dog
Contributor(s):: Jean-Mane Giffroy
On the basis of research in archeozoology and molecular genetics, it is established that the wolf is the main ancestor of the dog and that domestication would have occurred some 14,000 or 15,000 years ago, 5,000 years before the domestication of another species. The place or places of the first...
Specialists' viewpoints on the human-animal bond in practice: a panel discussion
Contributor(s):: Ogilvie, G. K.
A dermatologist's viewpoint on the significance of the human-animal bond in practice
Contributor(s):: Liska, D. A.
Behavior questions and answers
Contributor(s):: Horwitz, D. F.
International Society for Anthrozoology (ISAZ) 2016. Exploring human-animal interactions: a multidisciplinary approach from behavioral and social sciences, Barcelona, Spain, 7-10 July 2016. Proceedings
This work contains abstracts of 61 conference papers on the regulatory, behavioural and welfare aspects of human-animal interactions.
Contributor(s):: Hall, S., Dolling, L., Bristow, K., Fuller, T., Mills, D.
This chapter introduces the report, which describes the animal and human health costs and benefits impact of pets in the UK.
Service dogs in the hospital: helpful or harmful? A case report and clinical recommendations
Contributor(s):: Pellegrino, L. D., Cerimele, J. M., Dubovsky, A. N.
Exploring the existence and potential underpinnings of dog-human and horse-human attachment bonds
Contributor(s):: Payne, E., Dearaugo, J., Bennett, P., McGreevy, P.
This article reviews evidence for the existence of attachment bonds directed toward humans in dog-human and horse-human dyads. It explores each species' alignment with the four features of a typical attachment bond: separation-related distress, safe haven, secure base and proximity seeking. While...
Owners' direct gazes increase dogs' attention-getting behaviors
Contributor(s):: Ohkita, M., Nagasawa, M., Kazutaka, M., Kikusui, T.
This study examined whether dogs gain information about human's attention via their gazes and whether they change their attention-getting behaviors (i.e., whining and whimpering, looking at their owners' faces, pawing, and approaching their owners) in response to their owners' direct gazes. The...
Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat
Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.
Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...
Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species
Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.
This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...
Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature
Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.
This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...
Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States
out of 5 stars
Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander
The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...
Behavioral and self-report measures influencing children's reported attachment to their dog
Contributor(s):: Hall, N. J., Liu, JingWen, Kertes, D., Wynne, C. D. L.
Despite the prevalence of dogs as family pets and increased scientific interest in canine behavior, few studies have investigated characteristics of the child or dog that influence the child-dog relationship. In the present study, we explored how behavioral and some self-report measures influence...
Interaction with shelter dogs reduces negative affect of adolescents in substance use disorder treatment
Contributor(s):: Ellsworth, L. M., Tragesser, S., Newberry, R. C.
We investigated the effectiveness of a human-animal interaction program, involving dogs from an animal shelter, in improving affect of adolescent males in inpatient treatment for substance use disorder (SUD). We hypothesized that adolescents would experience improvements in affect and attitudes...
How does dog-walking influence perceptions of health and wellbeing in healthy adults? A qualitative dog-walk-along study
Contributor(s):: Campbell, K., Smith, C. M., Tumilty, S., Cameron, C., Treharne, G. J.
The aim of this study was to explore perceptions of health and wellbeing related to dog-walking in healthy adults. Ten self-reported healthy adult dog-walkers took part in one dog-walk-along interview, and nine of the 10 participants also attended one follow-up participatory analysis session. All...
Examining differences between homebound older adult pet owners and non-pet owners in depression, systemic inflammation, and executive function
Contributor(s):: Branson, S., Boss, L., Cron, S., Kang, DuckHee
Homebound older adults are prone to depression, which is linked to systemic inflammation that promotes executive function decline. A companion animal may reduce the negative biobehavioral processes associated with depression, inflammation, and reduced executive function in homebound older adults....