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Online videos indicate human and dog behaviour preceding dog bites and the context in which bites occur
Contributor(s):: Sara C. Owczarczak-Garstecka, Francine Watkins, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth
YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived...
The impact of atypical early histories on pet or performer chimpanzees
| Contributor(s):: Hani D. Freeman, Stephen R. Ross
It is widely accepted that an animal’s early history, including but not limited to its rearing history, can have a profound impact on later behavior. In the case of captive animals, many studies have used categorical measures such as mother reared or human reared that do not...
Judgement bias in goats (Capra hircus): investigating the effects of human grooming
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| Contributor(s):: Luigi Baciadonna, Christian Nawroth, Alan G. McElligott
Animal emotional states can be investigated by evaluating their impact on cognitive processes. In this study, we used a judgement bias paradigm to determine if short-term positive human-animal interaction (grooming) induced a positive affective state in goats. We tested two groups of...
An unexpected acoustic indicator of positive emotions in horses
| Contributor(s):: Mathilde Stomp, Maël Leroux, Marjorie Cellier, Séverine Henry, Alban Lemasson, Martine Hausberger
Indicators of positive emotions are still scarce and many proposed behavioural markers have proven ambiguous. Studies established a link between acoustic signals and emitter’s internal state, but few related to positive emotions and still fewer considered non-vocal sounds. One of them,...
The Days and Nights of Zoo Elephants: Using Epidemiology to Better Understand Stereotypic Behavior of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) and Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in North American Zoos
| Contributor(s):: Brian J. Greco, Cheryl L. Meehan, Jen N. Hogan, Katherine A. Leighty, Jill Mellen, Georgia J. Mason, Joy A. Mench
Stereotypic behavior is an important indicator of compromised welfare. Zoo elephants are documented to perform stereotypic behavior, but the factors that contribute to performance have not been systematically assessed. We collected behavioral data on 89 elephants (47 African [Loxodonta...
Creating Junior Ethologists
| Contributor(s):: Farenga, Stephen J., Joyce, Beverly A., Ness, Daniel
Parent perceptions of the quality of life of pet dogs living with neuro-typically developing and neuro-atypically developing children: An exploratory study
| Contributor(s):: Sophie S. Hall, Hannah F. Wright, Daniel S. Mills
There is growing scientific and societal recognition of the role that pet dogs can play in healthy development of children; both those who are neuro-typically developing and those who live with a neuro-developmental disorder, such as autism or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However,...
Identifying and Resolving End of Session Cues in Substance Detection Canine Training
| Contributor(s):: Jan Topoleski, Craig A. Schlutz, Wynn G. Warren
When training and working a substance detection canine, a trained final response should be performed immediately upon recognition of odor (Generally, a 1–3 s window is preferred within our detection practices). Typical canine training places much emphasis on planning and setting up...
The technician's role in the behavior consultation
| Contributor(s):: Julie Shaw
Relinquishment of sheltered animals: how the behavioral data can inform the veterinary role in prevention and successful rehoming
| Contributor(s):: S.V. Juarbe-Diaz
Canine separation anxiety: strategies for treatment and management
| Contributor(s):: RJ Sargisson
Evaluation of a behavioral assessment tool for dogs relinquished to shelters
| Contributor(s):: DL Duffy, KA Kruger, James A. Serpell
No better than flipping a coin: Reconsidering canine behavior evaluations in animal shelters
| Contributor(s):: Gary J. Patronek, Janis Bradley
Use of behavior evaluations for shelter dogs has progressed despite their lack of scientific validation as reliable diagnostic tools. Yet results of these evaluations are often used to make life-and-death decisions. Despite acknowledging the significant limitations of evaluations, most authors...
Prevalence of owner-reported behaviours in dogs separated from the litter at two different ages
| Contributor(s):: L. Pierantoni, M. Albertini, F. Pirrone
Hao Yu Shih
Understanding Spinner Dolphin Marine Tourism in Hawai'i: A Social Approach to Assessing Underwater Interactions
| Contributor(s):: Carlie S. Wiener
The popularity of wild spinner dolphin interactions in the Hawaiian Islands has led to the expansion of businesses that incorporate in-water experiences with the dolphins. The growth of dolphin-related commerce has spread so quickly that regulations have not been able to keep up. Subsequently,...
Understanding Animal Detection of Precursor Earthquake Sounds
| Contributor(s):: Michael Garstang, Michael C. Kelley
We use recent research to provide an explanation of how animals might detect earthquakes before they occur. While the intrinsic value of such warnings is immense, we show that the complexity of the process may result in inconsistent responses of animals to the possible precursor signal. Using the...
Veterinary and Equine Science Students' Interpretation of Horse Behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Gabriella Gronqvist, Chris Rogers, Erica Gee, Audrey Martinez, Charlotte Bolwell
We assessed first-year veterinary science and veterinary technology and undergraduate equine science students interpretation of expressive horse behaviours. Previous experience with horses appeared to influence the students’ perception of the horses’ behaviour. Qualitative assessments...