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Avian reactions towards human approaches in different urban greenery structures in Nanaimo
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Contributor(s):: Campbell, M.
Urban green spaces are vital for human quality of life and urban avian ecology. In consequence, these areas attract cutting edge research on human/animal relations and the human roles in avian foraging grounds. However, few studies of bird reactions to human presence have included bird adaptation...
Food puzzles for cats: feeding for physical and emotional wellbeing
Contributor(s):: Dantas, L. M. S., Delgado, M. M., Johnson, I., Buffington, C. A. T.
Practical relevance: Many pet cats are kept indoors for a variety of reasons (eg, safety, health, avoidance of wildlife predation) in conditions that are perhaps the least natural to them. Indoor housing has been associated with health issues, such as chronic lower urinary tract signs, and...
Behavioral ecology of captive species: using bibliographic information to assess pet suitability of mammal species
Contributor(s):: Koene, P., Mol, R. M. de, Ipema, B.
Which mammal species are suitable to be kept as pet? For answering this question many factors have to be considered. Animals have many adaptations to their natural environment in which they have evolved that may cause adaptation problems and/or risks in captivity. Problems may be visible in...
Converging on ancient bones: a review of the evidence for the close relatedness of humans ( Homo sapiens) and spotted hyenas ( Crocuta crocuta)
Contributor(s):: Baynes-Rock, M.
The majority of spotted hyena studies are conducted in places such as national parks and reserves where there are few humans present other than the researchers. I argue that this reflects a perception that "real" hyenas are those largely unaffected by contact with humans. This is at odds with...
Role of private owners in the conservation of exotic species
Contributor(s):: Jessica L. Beetz
This study examines the private ownership of exotic species, a topic very relevant to conservation that has long been ignored in the public sphere of policy and discussion. The private ownership of exotic species is a multifaceted issue that affects not only conservation, but also the domestic...
The camel today: assets and potentials
Contributor(s):: Faye, B.
Although they quantitatively only take a marginal place amongst domestic herbivores (only 0.4% of world domestic herbivores), the large camelids (dromedary and Bactrian) are present in almost all the arid lands of the old world (except in Southern Africa), a widespread area of over 35 millions km...
Are farmed salmon more prone to risk than wild salmon? Susceptibility of juvenile farm, hybrid and wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. to an artificial predator
Contributor(s):: Solberg, M. F., Zhang, ZhiWei, Glover, K. A.
Offspring of farmed Atlantic salmon have been documented to display lower survival than the offspring of wild salmon in the wild. It has been suggested that reduced survival of farmed salmon offspring in the wild could, in part, be explained by increased susceptibility to predation through...
Conditioned taste aversion in the grey fox ( Pseudalopex griseus), in Southern Argentine Patagonia
Contributor(s):: Nielsen, S., Travaini, A., Vassallo, A. I., Procopio, D., Zapata, S. C.
Attempts to control cougar ( Puma concolor) and culpeo fox ( Pseudalopex culpaeus) populations in Patagonia through poisoning, negatively affects grey foxes ( Pseudalopex griseus) and many other non-target species. It is therefore advisable to develop selective predator control methods. Among a...
Density-dependent diet selection and body condition of cattle and horses in heterogeneous landscapes
Contributor(s):: Cornelissen, P., Vulink, J. T.
For some decades, grazing by cattle and horses is used as a management tool to achieve different nature management goals. For managers there are still questions to be answered about the effects of herbivore densities on their performance, vegetation development and biodiversity. This study...
Ranging characteristics of the domestic cat ( Felis catus) in an urban environment
Contributor(s):: Thomas, R. L., Baker, P. J., Fellowes, M. D. E.
In many countries, high densities of domestic cats ( Felis catus) are found in urban habitats where they have the potential to exert considerable predation pressure on their prey. However, little is known of the ranging behaviour of cats in the UK. Twenty cats in suburban Reading, UK, were fitted...
The morality of the reptile "pet" trade
Contributor(s):: Warwick, C.
The trade in, and private keeping of, reptiles as "pets" raises several ethical concerns regarding animal welfare (associated with handling, storage, transportation, intensive captive breeding, captivity stress, injury, disease, and high premature mortality); public health and safety (associated...
Behavioral ecology of captive species: using behavioral adaptations to assess and enhance welfare of nonhuman zoo animals
Contributor(s):: Koene, P.
This project aimed to estimate a species' adaptations in nature and in captivity, assess welfare, suggest environmental changes, and find species characteristics that underlie welfare problems in nonhuman animals in the zoo. First, the current status of zoo animal welfare assessment was reviewed,...
Coyote ( Canis latrans ) interactions with humans and pets reported in the Canadian print media (1995-2010)
Contributor(s):: Alexander, S. M., Quinn, M. S.
Interactions with coyotes are a growing management concern in urban North America. We conducted a content analysis of 453 articles addressing coyote events reported in the Canadian print media between 1995 and 2010. There were 119 articles about human-coyote interactions: 32 involved a coyote...
Impact of publicly sponsored neutering programs on animal population dynamics at animal shelters: the New Hampshire and Austin experiences
Contributor(s):: White, S. C., Jefferson, E., Levy, J. K.
This study found that government-funded surgical sterilization of companion animals has been widely promoted as a means of decreasing shelter intake and euthanasia. However, little information is available about the true impact of these programs on community and shelter nonhuman animal population...
Managing feral cats on a university's campuses: how many are there and is sterilization having an effect?
Contributor(s):: Jones, A. L., Downs, C. T.
Worldwide domestic and feral cat (Felis catus) numbers have increased. Concerns regarding high populations of feral cats in urban areas include wildlife predation, public nuisance, and disease. This study aimed to estimate the size of the feral cat population on 5 campuses of the University of...
Methodologies for the care, maintenance, and breeding of tropical poison frogs
Contributor(s):: McRobert, S. P.
The Biodiversity Laboratories at Saint Joseph's University house more than 100 exotic and endangered animal species - including insects, fish, amphibians, and reptiles. Research in the laboratories is devoted, primarily, to understanding the genetic and ecological bases of animal behavior. In...
Morbidity and mortality of invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals at a major exotic companion animal wholesaler
Contributor(s):: Ashley, S., Brown, S., Ledford, J., Martin, J., Nash, A. E., Terry, A., Tristan, T., Warwick, C.
The authors formally investigated a major international wildlife wholesaler and subsequently confiscated more than 26,400 nonhuman animals of 171 species and types. Approximately 80% of the nonhuman animals were identified as grossly sick, injured, or dead, with the remaining in suspected...
Quantifying the shelter rabbit population: an analysis of Massachusetts and Rhode Island animal shelters
Contributor(s):: Cook, A. J., McCobb, E.
Scholarly work on the nonhuman animal shelter population has widely focused on cats and dogs. As a result, little is known about the population dynamics of domestic rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in shelters. The records from 4 companion animal shelters in Massachusetts and Rhode Island were...
The legal status of cats in New Zealand: a perspective on the welfare of companion, stray, and feral domestic cats ( Felis catus )
Contributor(s):: Farnworth, M. J., Dye, N. G., Keown, N.
Pinpointing and safeguarding the welfare status of domestic cats is problematic, especially in New Zealand where cats are introduced predators with significant impact on indigenous fauna. Usually the identification of welfare status depends on conservational, legal, and public attitudes that are...