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  1. Social networks and welfare in future animal management

    Contributor(s):: Koene, P., Ipema, B.

    It may become advantageous to keep human-managed animals in the social network groups to which they have adapted. Data concerning the social networks of farm animal species and their ancestors are scarce but essential to establishing the importance of a natural social network for farmed animal...

  2. Validation of a pressure sensor-based system for measuring eating, rumination and drinking behaviour of dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Ruuska, S., Kajava, S., Mughal, M., Zehner, N., Mononen, J.

    The main objective of our study was to validate, for dairy cows, a new pressure-based system (RumiWatch noseband sensor, Itin + Hoch GmbH, Liestal, Switzerland; RWS) that measures eating, rumination and drinking time. In experiment 1, eating, rumination and drinking time (RWS, min/h) measurements...

  3. Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda

    Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.

    This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...

  4. The social network structure of a dynamic group of dairy cows: from individual to group level patterns

    Contributor(s):: Boyland, N. K., Mlynski, D. T., James, R., Brent, L. J. N., Croft, D. P.

    Social relationships have been shown to significantly impact individual and group success in wild animal populations, but are largely ignored in farm animal management. There are substantial gaps in our knowledge of how farm animals respond to their social environment, which varies greatly...

  5. Attitudes of veterinary students in Croatia toward farm animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Ostovic, M., Mesic, Z., Mikus, T., Matkovic, K., Pavicic, Z.

    This survey was undertaken to assess the attitudes of Croatian veterinary students regarding farm animal welfare issues. The study included students of all undergraduate years at the only Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Croatia. First-year students were surveyed twice, ie before and after...

  6. Availability and use of designated hospital pens in Danish dairy herds

    Contributor(s):: Houe, H., Thomsen, P. T., Amdi, C., Herskin, M. S., Forkman, B., Jensen, M. B.

    The objective of this study was to describe the availability and use of designated hospital pens in Danish dairy herds and to analyse the association between availability and use of hospital pens and the herd-level incidence of reported disease treatments. Hospital pens were divided into either...

  7. Animal exploitation during the Old Kingdom in Egypt: contribution from Ayn Asil (Dakhla Oasis)Exploitation animale a l'Ancien Empire en Egypte: les apports d'Ayn Asil (oasis de Dakhla)

    Contributor(s):: Lesur, J.

    At the end of the Old Kingdom in Egypt, food production relies on a dense agriculture in the Delta and the Nile valley as well as on livestock herding and fishing. The situation is however different in the Western Desert which undergoes a strong aridification. Archaeozoological remains coming...

  8. Making the case for developing alternative lameness scoring systems for dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Vieira, A., Oliveira, M. D., Nunes, T., Stilwell, G.

    Lameness is a behavioural indicator of pain that negatively affects dairy ruminants' health and welfare. Lameness is generally assessed by subjective methods, based on the observation of the animal's behaviour, using numerical rating scales (NRSs) - the most common scoring system - and visual...

  9. The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population

    Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.

    Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although the...

  10. Welfare outcomes for 3- and 6-month-old beef calves in a tropical environment castrated surgically or by applying rubber rings

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Small, A. H., Reid, D. J., Colditz, I. G., Ferguson, D. M.

    Castration of cattle using rubber rings is becoming increasingly popular due to the perceived ease of the procedure and greater operator safety when compared with surgical castration. Few comparative studies have investigated the effects of different castration methods and calf age on welfare...

  11. The influence of gentle interactions on avoidance distance towards humans, weight gain and physiological parameters in group-housed dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Munsch, C., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    The quality of the relationship between cattle and their caretakers is important for animal welfare and productivity. Nevertheless, the influence of gentle interactions on group-housed dairy calves has not been thoroughly studied so far. We examined the effects of 42 min of gentle interactions...

  12. How to train a dog to detect cows in heat-training and success

    Contributor(s):: Johnen, D., Heuwieser, W., Fischer-Tenhagen, C.

    Efficient and accurate estrus detection is a key management factor determining acceptable reproductive performance in dairy herds. Previous studies have shown that dogs can differentiate between vaginal mucus samples of cows in estrus and vaginal mucus samples of cows in diestrus with an accuracy...

  13. Short-term ante-calving handling of dairy heifers in relation to heifers' behaviour and udder health after parturition

    Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, S., Pisani, M., Knierim, U.

    The novelty of being handled during milking contributes to peripartum stress in dairy heifers with possibly adverse effects on their well-being and health. The present study investigated (1) heifers' behavioural responses to handling over the course of four standardized handling sessions and (2)...

  14. Pain evaluation in dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Gleerup, K. B., Andersen, P. H., Munksgaard, L., Forkman, B.

    Pain compromises the welfare of animals. A prerequisite for being able to alleviate pain is that we are able to recognize it. Potential behavioural signs of pain were investigated for dairy cattle with the aim of constructing a pain scale for use under production conditions. Forty-three cows were...

  15. #SaveBenjy: sexuality, queer animals, and Ireland

    Contributor(s):: McLoughlin, E.

    This paper explores the #SaveBenjy Crowdfunder campaign to save a Charolais bull in the Republic of Ireland who expressed sexual interest only in weanling bulls and not the heifers he was expected to impregnate. The prominence and popularity of #SaveBenjy is anything but coincidental. In May...

  16. Effects of under- and overstocking freestalls on dairy cattle behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Winckler, C., Tucker, C. B., Weary, D. M.

    Freestall availability affects cattle behaviour and most studies in this area have focused on overstocking. We studied the effects of three levels of stall availability, including both over- and understocking on the time budgets and agonistic interactions in 36 dairy cattle in four stable groups....

  17. Cumulative experience, age-class, sex and season affect the behavioural responses of European badgers ( Meles meles) to handling and sedation

    Contributor(s):: Sun, Q., Stevens, C., Newman, C., Buesching, C. D., Macdonald, D. W.

    The restraint and sedation of wild animals has welfare implications, thus animal handling procedures should be well-informed and optimised to adhere to welfare standards. Furthermore, it is important that handling procedures should not cause future trap avoidance. This is of particular pertinence...

  18. Stakeholder views on treating pain due to dehorning dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Robbins, J. A., Weary, D. M., Schuppli, C. A., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von

    A common and painful management practice undertaken on most dairy farms is dehorning young calves (also called 'disbudding' when done on calves less than about two months of age). Despite much evidence the practice is painful, and effective means available to mitigate this pain, it is frequently...

  19. Effects of gentle interactions on the relationship with humans and on stress-related parameters in group-housed calves

    Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Although the relationship between farm animals and humans has strong implications for animal welfare and productivity, there have been few experimental studies on the influence of gentle interactions in group-housed calves. In the present study, Austrian Simmental calves were housed in groups of...

  20. Long-term familiarity creates preferred social partners in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Gutmann, A. K., Spinka, M., Winckler, C.

    Group is an essential resource for gregarious animals. Dairy cows are however frequently (re-)grouped according to productivity and reproductive state leading to an unstable social environment for the animals. The present study aimed at investigating whether cows maintain social relationships in...