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All Categories (1321-1340 of 1360)

  1. Preadolescent self-concept development and pet ownership

    Contributor(s):: Davis, J. H.

    This exploratory pilot study examined the family dog's reflected appraisal role in perceived self-concept development. Twenty-two male and female preadolescent dog owners participated in the study and completed three instruments. The results revealed a statistically significant relationship...

  2. Preference for, and responsiveness to, people, dogs and objects in children with autism

    Contributor(s):: Prothmann, A., Ettrich, C., Prothmann, S.

    Autism strongly affects the ability to establish social interactions. However, there is some suggestion that people with autism establish close social relationships with nonverbal communicating and intentionally acting animals (such as dogs). In this study, 14 children with autism (3 females, 11...

  3. Preschool children require fewer instructional prompts to perform a memory task in the presence of a dog

    Contributor(s):: Gee, N. R., Crist, E. N., Carr, D. N.

    This paper presents two experiments that examined memory performance and adherence to instructions for a group of preschool children (n=12) in the presence of a well-behaved real dog, a stuffed dog, and a human confederate. The children were shown 10 objects in each condition. At test, the...

  4. Preschoolers make fewer errors on an object categorization task in the presence of a dog

    Contributor(s):: Gee, N. R., Church, M. T., Altobelli, C. L.

    Previous research has shown that the presence of a dog can positively impact the speed at which preschoolers perform motor skills tasks and also their ability to adhere to instructions. The current study focused on the execution of a cognitive task - object categorization - by developmentally...

  5. Preschoolers' adherence to instructions as a function of presence of a dog and motor skills task

    Contributor(s):: Gee, N. R., Sherlock, T. R., Bennett, E. A., Harris, S. L.

    The purpose of this study was to examine preschoolers' (n=11) ability to follow instructions in the presence or absence of a real dog while executing a variety of motor skills tasks. These tasks were divided into one of three general classifications: (1) Modeling Tasks: the children were asked to...

  6. Prosocial and antisocial behaviors in adolescents: an investigation into associations with attachment and empathy

    Contributor(s):: Thompson, K. L., Gullone, E.

    The normal development of empathy has been proposed to be imperative to the healthy emotional and social functioning of youths. In contrast, compromised levels of empathy have been linked to an increased propensity to engage in antisocial behaviors, including animal cruelty. Previous findings...

  7. Reinforcement effectiveness of animatronic and real dolphins

    Contributor(s):: Nathanson, D. E.

    Dolphin Human Therapy uses Atlantic bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) as reinforcement in rehabilitation for children with disabilities. But dolphins are expensive to use and subject to many environmental, administrative/legal and practical limitations. An alternative reinforcer, an...

  8. School-based social training with and without dogs: evaluation of their effectiveness

    Contributor(s):: Tissen, I., Hergovich, A., Spiel, C.

    This study examined the effects of different training methods on social behavior, empathy, and aggression (open and relational) in children (third-graders) at several intervals. There were three experimental conditions: "Social training without dogs," "Social training with dogs," and "Dog...

  9. Social and individual components of animal contact in preschool children

    Contributor(s):: Wedl, M., Kotrschal, K.

    Humans are generally biophilic. Still, for unknown reasons, interest in animals varies substantially among individuals. Our goal was to investigate how differential interest of children towards animals might be related to social competence and personality. We proposed two alternatives: (1)...

  10. Social effects of a dog's presence on children with disabilities

    Contributor(s):: Esteves, S. W., Stokes, T.

    Productive and positive interactions between dogs and humans have been documented in studies using dogs trained as companion animals and as assistants for people with disabilities. In this study, the effects of the presence of a dog on social interactions between three 5-9-year-old children with...

  11. Some comments on context embodiment in zootherapy: the case of the Autidolfijn project

    Contributor(s):: Servais, V.

    The Autidolfijn project was undertaken in 1991 in Bruges, Belgium, to asses the effect of interactions with captive dolphins on learning in autistic children. The project lasted four years and ended with ambiguous results. Although one group of children did seem to gain learning benefits from...

  12. Symbolic animals and the developing self

    Contributor(s):: Myers, G.

    This study examined developmental changes in animal symbols of the self, as revealed by identification with six animals (lion, eagle, bear, rabbit, lamb and cow) by children aged from 4 to 5 years (n=10), 10 to 11 years (n=9), and 17 to 18 years (n=10). Overall, the eagle, rabbit and lion...

  13. The effect of animal-assisted therapy on stress responses in hospitalized children

    Contributor(s):: Tsai, ChiaChun, Friedmann, E., Thomas, S. A.

    Hospitalization is a major, stressful experience for children. The stress associated with children's hospitalization may lead to negative physiological and psychological sequelae. Pediatric healthcare professionals can develop interventions to decrease children's stress during hospitalization....

  14. The effects of the presence of a dog in the classroom

    Contributor(s):: Hergovich, A., Monshi, B., Semmler, G., Zieglmayer, V.

    This study examined the effects of the presence of a dog in the classroom on field independence, social competence, empathy with animals and social-emotional atmosphere. The participants were 46 first-graders (43 of them immigrants) of two school classes (control and experimental). In the...

  15. The proposed benefits of incorporating non-human animals into preventative efforts for conduct disorder

    Contributor(s):: Gullone, E.

    Conduct disorder (CD) is among the most intractable mental health problems and has been found to be increasingly prevalent throughout childhood, and into adolescence. Although many of the behaviour that comprise CD have been researched, there has been limited focus on preventative interventions...

  16. The relation between socio-economic status concerns and angry peer conflict resolution is moderated by pet provisions of support

    Contributor(s):: Bryant, B. K., Donnellan, M. B.

    Conflict resolution is a critical skill required in peer relations, and anger retaliation is a problematic strategy for resolving conflict. Conflict resolution with peers in relation to socio-economic status (SES) concerns among boys was investigated. Of particular interest in this study was a...

  17. The relationship between childhood cruelty to animals and psychological adjustment: a Malaysian study

    Contributor(s):: Mellor, D., Yeow, J., Norul Hidayah bt, Mamat, Noor Fizlee bt Mohd, Hapidzal

    In Western research, cruelty to animals in childhood has been associated with comorbid conduct problems and with interpersonal violence in later life. However, there is little understanding of the aetiology of cruelty to animals, and what in the child's life may require attention if the chain...

  18. The relationship between empathy, perception of pain and attitudes toward pets among Norwegian dog owners

    Contributor(s):: Ellingsen, K., Zanella, A. J., Bjerkas, E., Indrebo, A.

    Anthropomorphism, attachment level, and belief in animal mind, as well as owners' level of empathy and attitudes toward their pets, are some of the factors that affect human-animal interactions. Owners' ability to identify painful conditions in their pets may have important consequences for the...

  19. The value of a dog in a classroom of children with severe emotional disorders

    Contributor(s):: Anderson, K. L., Olson, M. R.

    The purpose of the present study was to determine how a dog's presence in a self-contained classroom of six children diagnosed with severe emotional disorders affected students' emotional stability and their learning. Across an eight-week period of time, the children were observed, the...

  20. Using drawings to assess self-animal perceptions

    Contributor(s):: Smith, M. H., Meehan, C. L., Enfield, R. P., Castori, P.

    Exposure to pets and wildlife can help children develop positive attitudes toward animals, which can foster the development of empathy and ecological stewardship. However, geographical, logistical and economic restrictions limit opportunities for many youth to interact directly with live animals....