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Assessing pain, suffering and distress in laboratory animals: an RSPCA survey of current practice in the UK
Contributor(s):: Hawkins, P.
A survey was undertaken to evaluate how animal discomfort, pain, suffering and distress are recognized and assessed in UK scientific procedure establishments. In total, 28 establishments were visited between 1999 and 2001 and 137 people participated, including animal technicians, veterinarians...
Clinical pathology and cardiovascular parameters are not influenced by housing rats under increased environmental complexity
Contributor(s):: Mikkelsen, L. F., Sorensen, D. B., Krohn, T., Lauritzen, B., Dragsted, N., Hansen, A. K., Ottesen, J. L.
Since the release of the revised Appendix A from the Council of Europe for housing of laboratory animals there have been claims that laboratory animals should be housed under more complex conditions; known popularly as enrichment. A number of studies have expressed concerns that this may increase...
Development of the short-form Glasgow Composite Measure Pain Scale (CMPS-SF) and derivation of an analgesic intervention score
Contributor(s):: Reid, J., Nolan, A. M., Hughes, J. M. L., Lascelles, D., Pawson, P., Scott, E. M.
The Glasgow Composite Measure Pain Scale (CMPS) for dogs suffering acute pain, developed using psychometric methodology, measures pain to a level of precision suitable for clinical trials. However, for routine clinical use, where the emphasis is on speed, ease of use, and guidance for analgesia...
Evaluation of the acute phase protein haptoglobin as an indicator of herd health in slaughter pigs
Contributor(s):: Berg, A. van den, Danuser, J., Frey, J., Regula, G.
Health is an important aspect of animal welfare, which is difficult to assess at herd level. Clinical examination of individual animals is time-consuming, and most measures of clinical herd health depend significantly on the examiner. Acute phase proteins are produced during inflammatory...
Stakeholders' assessment of welfare indicators for sheep and cattle exported by sea from Australia
Contributor(s):: Pines, M. K., Petherick, J. C., Gaughan, J. B., Phillips, C. J. C.
An adaptive conjoint analysis was used to evaluate stakeholders' opinion of welfare indicators for ship-transported sheep and cattle, both onboard and in pre-export depots. In consultations with two nominees of each identified stakeholder group (government officials, animal welfare...
The husbandry, welfare and health of captive African civets ( Vivera civetica ) in western Ethiopa
Contributor(s):: Tolosa, T., Regassa, F.
A study was carried out during the period from September 2001 to August 2002 in Jimma zone, western Ethiopia to evaluate the husbandry and health of captive African civets (Vivera civetica). Wild civets were found in the wild in all 13 of the districts in the zone, although traditional...
Pet chicken medicine and surgery
Contributor(s):: Speer, B. L.
In this author's practice, pet chickens represent an increasing number of avian patients presented per year, as well as a growing percentage of the overall pet bird species seen and treated each year. In 2006, pet chickens represented 1.6% of overall patient accessions in this authors...