Judgement bias in goats (Capra hircus): investigating the effects of human grooming
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| Contributor(s):: Luigi Baciadonna, Christian Nawroth, Alan G. McElligott
Animal emotional states can be investigated by evaluating their impact on cognitive processes. In this study, we used a judgement bias paradigm to determine if short-term positive human-animal interaction (grooming) induced a positive affective state in goats. We tested two groups of...
Social Learning in Horses—Fact or Fiction?
| Contributor(s):: Maria V. Rørvang, Janne W. Christensen, Jan Ladewig, Andrew McLean
Prima facie, the acquisition of novel behaviors in animals through observation of conspecifics seems straightforward. There are, however, various mechanisms through which the behavior of animals can be altered from observing others. These mechanisms range from simple hard-wired contagious...
Enhanced Selection of Assistance and Explosive Detection Dogs Using Cognitive Measures
| Contributor(s):: MacLean, E. L., Hare, B.
Working dogs play a variety of important roles, ranging from assisting individuals with disabilities, to explosive and medical detection work. Despite widespread demand, only a subset of dogs bred and trained for these roles ultimately succeed, creating a need for objective measures that can...
Infants' Daily Experience With Pets and Their Scanning of Animal Faces
| Contributor(s):: Karinna Hurley, Lisa M Oakes
Very little is known about the effect of pet experience on cognitive development in infancy. In Experiment 1, we document in a large sample (N = 1270) that 63% of families with infants under 12 months have at least one household pet. The potential effect on development is significant as...
Human Demonstration Does Not Facilitate the Performance of Horses (Equus caballus) in a Spatial Problem-Solving Task
| Contributor(s):: Joan-Bryce Burla, Janina Siegwart, Christian Nawroth
Horses were confronted with a spatial problem-solving task in which they had to detour an obstacle. Individuals that observed a human demonstrating how to solve the task did not solve the task more often or faster compared with a control group without demonstration. However, horses of both the...
Adolescent Coping Styles and Outdoor Education: Searching for the Mechanisms of Change
| Contributor(s):: James T. Neill, Bernd Heubeck
Disparities in activity levels and learning ability between Djungarian hamster (Phodopus sungorus) and Roborovskii hamster (Phodopus roborovskii)
| Contributor(s):: Ikeda, H., Nagasawa, M.
The Djungarian hamster and the Roborovskii hamster belong to the same genus of Phodopus. However, the Djungarian hamster is tame and shows sedative behavior, while Roborovskii hamster is not tame and shows high levels of locomotor activity. Hyperactivity occurs in animals with tameless behavior....
From the Editor – Welcome to the first issue of Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin!
| Contributor(s):: Lori Kogan
Human Animal Interaction: Research & Practice Section of Division 17 (Society of Counseling Psychology) of the American Psychological Association is proud to announce this exciting new venue for the scientific study of human-animal interactions. Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin...
Does experience with animals improve toddlers' understanding of others' sound perception?
| Contributor(s):: Rachelle Stover
Introduction: Much research has examined what children understand about others’ visual perception. For instance, 2-year-olds can determine when an object is hidden from another’s viewpoint (Flavell, 1992). Less is known about children’s understanding of other’s auditory...
Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT) as an Adjunctive Treatment for Eating Disorders: Exploration of AAT through the lens of Attachment and Affect Regulation
| Contributor(s):: Patricia Flaherty Fischette
This research investigated the connection between attachment, affect regulation, eating disorders and Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT), a connection that has not previously been examined. The conceptual lenses for this research identified eating disorders as one of many possible examples of...
Cognition and the Development of Social Cognition in the Domestic Dog (Canis Lupus Familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Camille Ward
We examined cognition and the development of social cognition in domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) with three studies. Study one focused on numerical competence in dogs and studies two and three addressed the development of social relationships among littermates. In the first study, we...
Assessing the dog: a theoretical analysis of the companion animal's actions in human-animal interactions
| Contributor(s):: Vitztum, C., Urbanik, J.
Companion animals are proposed as valuable assets in human-animal interaction (HAI) for human-health interventions. The benefit of a HAI is presumably based on the interaction between the two species. Although the actions and reactions of the human are routinely evaluated, nominal consideration...
Cognition and learning in horses (Equus caballus): what we know and why we should ask more
| Contributor(s):: Brubaker, L., Udell, M. A. R.
Horses (Equus caballus) have a rich history in their relationship with humans. Across different cultures and eras they have been utilized for work, show, cultural rituals, consumption, therapy, and companionship and continue to serve in many of these roles today. As one of the most commonly...
Cognition Regulated by Emotional Decision Making
| Contributor(s):: Stefano, G. B.
Efficacy of Animal-Assisted Therapy in Lowering Anxiety Symptoms of Adolescents in Schools
| Contributor(s):: Courtney Zents
Adolescence is marked by a period of stress with a portion of these individuals experiencing problems with anxiety. There are physical and psychological benefits of using animal-assisted therapy (AAT) for decreasing anxiety, however, the research on this is limited. The current study expands on...
Fostering Attitudes of Empathy towards Animals in Youth Ages 4-7 through Play Experiences in a Zoo Setting
| Contributor(s):: Heidi M. Faris
Zoos are place-based education facilities that have the ability to utilize their natural play spaces to enhance the social and cognitive development of children using live animals. Playing outdoors in nature has shown to increase physical, attentive, cognitive and social development during early...
A review and synthesis of dog cognition research : the world from a dog's point of view
| Contributor(s):: Miles Kuiling Bensky
Driven by both applied and theoretical goals, scientific interest in canine cognition has experienced a rapid surge in popularity, especially over the last 15 years (Morell, 2009). Here we provide the most comprehensive review to date of dog cognition research, capturing all the articles (285) we...
Goats Learn Socially from Humans in a Spatial Problem-Solving Task
| Contributor(s):: Christian Nawroth, Luigi Baciadonna, Alan G. McElligot
Domestication drives changes in animal cognition and behaviour. In particular, the capacity of dogs to socially learn from humans is considered a key outcome of how domestication shaped the canid brain. However, systematic evidence for social learning from humans in other domestic species is...
The Development of a Psychometric Scale for the Evaluation of the Emotional Predispositions of Pet Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Gill Sheppard, Daniel S. Mills
Many pet dogs exhibit problem behaviours which can be corrected through the judicious use of positive and negative reinforcers in training. However, animals often vary in their sensitivity and response to these. It is hypothesised that this variation may offer a biological basis for...
Bottlenose Dolphins' (Tursiops truncatus) Theory of Mind as Demonstrated by Responses to their Trainers' Attentional States
| Contributor(s):: Masaki Tomonaga, Yuka Uwano
The present study examined the ability of dolphins to follow the gestural signs presented by humantrainers in various attentional states in order to understand the social cognition of dolphins. Thehuman trainers enacted the gestural signs by orienting their bodies and heads in different...