What Is the Zoo Experience? How Zoos Impact a Visitor's Behaviors, Perceptions, and Conservation Efforts
Contributor(s):: Godinez, A. M., Fernandez, E. J.
Toward a New Framework for Understanding Human–Wild Animal Relations: PROD
Contributor(s):: Waldhorn, Daniela R.
Opinions from the Front Lines of Cat Colony Management Conflict
| Contributor(s):: M. Nils Peterson, Brett Hartis, Shari Rodriguez, Matthew Green, Christopher A. Lepczyk
Outdoor cats represent a global threat to terrestrial vertebrate conservation, but management has been rife with conflict due to differences in views of the problem and appropriate responses to it. To evaluate these differences we conducted a survey of opinions about outdoor cats and their...
Preface: The contribution of animals to human welfare
| Contributor(s):: Eloit, M.
2018Rev Sci Tech3719-140253-1933 (Print)0253-193310.20506/rst.37.1.2736engfrespatext
Should the Endangered Status of the Giant Panda Really Be Reduced? The Case of Giant Panda Conservation in Sichuan, China
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| Contributor(s):: Ben Ma, Shuo Lei, Qin Qing, Yali Wen
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) reduced the threat status of the giant panda from “endangered” to “vulnerable” in September 2016. In this study, we analyzed current practices for giant panda conservation at regional and local environmental...
Member Perceptions of the One Health Initiative at a Zoological Institution
| Contributor(s):: Hannah Padda, Amy Niedbalski, Erin Tate, Sharon L. Deem
Zoological institutions play an important role in promoting the goals of the One Health movement. We launched the Institute for Conservation Medicine (ICM) at the Saint Louis Zoo in 2011 to advance the goals of One Health. In 2016, we distributed a survey to Zoo members to evaluate member...
Using Scent Detection Dogs in Conservation Settings: A Review of Scientific Literature Regarding Their Selection
| Contributor(s):: Sarah C. Beebe, Tiffani J. Howell, Pauleen C. Bennett
Dogs are widely used for scent detection work, assisting in searches for, among other things, missing persons, explosives, and even cancers. They are also increasingly used in conservation settings, being deployed for a range of diverse purposes. Although scent detecting dogs have been used in...
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
| Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species
| Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.
This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...
Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris) in central India
| Contributor(s):: Reddy, C. S., Reuven, Yosef
To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...
Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature
| Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.
This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...
In the water with white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia
| Contributor(s):: Apps, K., Dimmock, K., Lloyd, D., Huveneers, C.
White shark (Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...
Rural and urban students' perceptions of and attitudes toward brown bears in Turkey
| Contributor(s):: Ambarli, H.
Many studies have examined adults' perceptions of and attitudes toward large carnivores to assess human-wildlife conflict and inform conservation strategies, but there have been few studies concerning children. I studied secondary school students' perceptions of and attitudes toward brown bears...
The Effects of a Summer Camp Program in China on Children's Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors Toward Animals: A Model for Conservation Education
| Contributor(s):: Sarah M. Bexell, Olga S. Jarrett, Xu Ping
This summative evaluation, conducted in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China, studied whether participation in a conservation education camp positively changed 8–12-year-old children’s (a) knowledge of how to protect animals, (b) care about animals, (c) propensity for environmental and...
Design solutions to coastal human-wildlife conflicts
| Contributor(s):: Meredith Root-Bernstein, Nicolás Arévalo Rosas, Layla P. Osman, Richard J. Ladle
Coastal areas can be a challenge for conservation due to multiple competing land uses including development, tourism, and extractive resource use. These multiple land uses often lead to human-wildlife conflicts. Here we propose that collaboration with industrial designers and architects has the...
Attitudes of livestock keepers to breeding strategies - Threats and opportunities for on-farm conservation of the Borana cattle breed
| Contributor(s):: Kerstin K. Zander
Environmental and market pressures strongly affect cattle breeding in East Africa. While optimising breeding with diverse genetic material can improve income from cattle production, it can also lead to a loss and depletion of valuable animal genetic resources. This study assesses...
A "One Health" Approach to Address Emerging Zoonoses: The HALI Project in Tanzania
| Contributor(s):: Jonna A. K. Mazet, Deana L. Clifford, Peter B. Coppolillo, Anil B. Deolalikar, Jon D. Erickson, Rudovick R. Kazwala
Every day thousands of children and adults die from underdiagnosed diseases that have arisen at the human–animal–environment interface, especially diarrheal and respiratory diseases in developing countries. Explosive human population growth and environmental changes have resulted...
Beelden van de Das in Nederland in Nederland 1900-2013: van ongedierte tot troeteldier?
| Contributor(s):: Hens Runhaar, M. Runhaar, J. Vink
Het herstel van de Nederlandse dassenpopulatie sinds 1980 is voor een belangrijk deel te verklaren uit een betere bescherming door o.a. de overheid, maar ook uit een andere omgang met de Das door boeren, jagers en bestuurders. Doel van dit artikel is om de beelden van de Das in de loop van de...
Polar Similar: Intersections of Anthropology and Conservation
| Contributor(s):: Nathan Poirier, Sarah Tomasello
Anthropologists and conservationists have a long history of conflict, largely stemming from the creation of protected areas that are frequently placed on the land belonging to Indigenous communities for which anthropologists advocate. While this paper does not wish to diminish the values of...
Wild-But-Not-Too-Wild Animals: Challenging Goldilocks Standards in Rewilding
| Contributor(s):: Erica von Essen, Michael P. Allen
Rewilding is positioned as ‘post’-conservation through its emphasis on unleashing the autonomy of natural processes. In this paper, we argue that the autonomy of nature rhetoric in rewilding is challenged by human interventions. Instead of joining critique toward the ‘managed...