Density-dependent diet selection and body condition of cattle and horses in heterogeneous landscapes
Contributor(s):: Cornelissen, P., Vulink, J. T.
For some decades, grazing by cattle and horses is used as a management tool to achieve different nature management goals. For managers there are still questions to be answered about the effects of herbivore densities on their performance, vegetation development and biodiversity. This study...
Deriving a biocentric history: evidence from the journal of Henry David Thoreau
Contributor(s):: McGregor, Robert Kuhn
Design solutions to coastal human-wildlife conflicts
Contributor(s):: Meredith Root-Bernstein, Nicolás Arévalo Rosas, Layla P. Osman, Richard J. Ladle
Coastal areas can be a challenge for conservation due to multiple competing land uses including development, tourism, and extractive resource use. These multiple land uses often lead to human-wildlife conflicts. Here we propose that collaboration with industrial designers and architects has the...
Designing a Likert-type scale to assess attitude toward energy conservation: A nine step process
Contributor(s):: Koballa, Thomas R.
Determining the effects of duration and recency of exposure to environmental enrichment
Contributor(s):: Bergendahl, I. A., Salvanes, A. G. V., Braithwaite, V. A.
Experience can help animals adapt their behaviour to fit the environment or conditions that they find themselves in. Understanding how and when experience affects behaviour is important for the animals we rear in captivity. This is particularly true when we rear animals with the intent of...
Developmental factors leading to positive attitudes toward wildlife and conservation
Contributor(s):: Kidd, A. H., Kidd, R. M.
Differences in home range and habitat use among individuals in a cattle herd
Contributor(s):: Howery, L. D., Provenza, F. D., Banner, R. E., Scott, C. B.
A field study was conducted on the Maxfield-Thompson Grazing Allotment in the Sawtooth National Forest, Idaho, to investigate the differences in home range (HR) and habitat use (HU) of individual cows (that use certain areas (e.g. riparian grasslands) more than others (e.g. upland grasslands))...
Dingoes and dog-whistling: a cultural politics of race and species in Australia
Contributor(s):: Fiona Probyn-Rapsey
For the last 30 years in Australia, the extinction of the dingo has been a subject of great concern. But what this usually means is not that dingoes are being pushed to the brink because of gunshot or baits (though such persecution is happening). In fact, it is not even so much a matter of...
Do artificial nests simulate nest success of greater sage-grouse?
Contributor(s):: Dinkins, Jonathan B., Conover, Michael R., Mabray, Scott T.
Do birdwatchers care about bird disturbance?
Contributor(s):: Weston, M. A., Guay, P. J., McLeod, E. M., Miller, K. K.
Little is known about how non-consumptive recreationists perceive their impacts on animals and how this relates to recreationist behavior. We surveyed attitudes and behaviors relating to bird disturbance of 179 birdwatchers who visited a world-renowned, restricted-access birdwatching destination...
Do collar-mounted predation deterrents restrict wandering in pet domestic cats?
Contributor(s):: Hall, C. M., Bryant, K. A., Fontaine, J. B., Calver, M. C.
Roaming pet cats kill and harass wildlife, hybridise with wild felids, interbreed with feral populations, spread disease or annoy neighbours, and endanger their own welfare by fighting, being struck by vehicles or ingesting poisons. Confinement of pet cats is unpopular, so alternative methods to...
Do Zoos and Aquariums Promote Attitude Change in Visitors? A Critical Evaluation of the American Zoo and Aquarium Study
Contributor(s):: Marino, L., Lilienfeld, S. O., Malamud, R., Nobis, N., Broglio, R.
Draft Animal Power for Soil and Water Conservation in the Bolivian Valleys
Contributor(s):: B. Sims
The inter-Andean valley region of Bolivia presents climatic characteristics which can be described as high, dry and cool. The prolonged dry season (up to eight months) can lead to severe forage shortages which affect working animals. The traditional draft animals are pairs of oxen which may have...
Dreadful/delightful killing: The contested nature of duck hunting
Contributor(s):: McLeod, C. M.
Early environmental enrichment protects captive-born striped mice against the later development of stereotypic behaviour
Contributor(s):: Jones, M. A., Mason, G., Pillay, N.
Understanding how birth origin (whether born in the wild or captivity) influences behavioural development is important for fundamental and applied ethology, especially when captive-bred (CB) individuals from wild species are used in research or conservation. CB animals are typically much more...
Economic incentives for tropical forest preservation: why and how?
Contributor(s):: Katzman, M. T., Cale, W. G., Jr.
A discussion in the context of Amazonia of: factors that militate against tropical countries being concerned about habitat destruction; arguments in favour of habitat preservation; institutions that might satisfy development aspirations of Amazonian nations and account for global benefits of...
Effect of housing and husbandry practices on adrenocortical activity in captive Canada lynx ( Lynx canadensis)
Contributor(s):: Fanson, K. V., Wielebnowski, N. C.
Effects of environmental complexity and temporary captivity on foraging behavior of wild-caught meadow voles
Contributor(s):: Kozuch, A. E., McPhee, M. E.
Increased housing of wild nonhuman animals in captivity for conservation, research, and rehabilitation has revealed the importance of systematically analyzing effects of the captive environment on behavior. This study focused on the effects of complexity and time held in captivity on foraging...
Effects of fly disturbance on the behaviour of a population of reintroduced Przewalski horses ( Equus ferus przewalskii ) in Mongolia
Contributor(s):: King, S. R. B., Gurnell, J.
Flies constitute a cost to animals by feeding from them, passing on disease or by preventing them feeding effectively. These costs could be more severe to animals suffering from some kind of stress such as reintroduction as part of a conservation programme. This study focused on the effects of...
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...