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  1. Evaluation of pharmacokinetics and efficacy of ivermectin following oral administration in dogs against experimental infection of Ctenocephalides felis felis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus

    Contributor(s):: Magalhaes, V. S., Cid, Y. P., Ferreira, T. P., Medeiros, D. M. V., Batista, L. C. de S. O., Correia, T. R., Albert, A. L. M., Scott, F. B.

    With the increasing number of pets in home the human-animal relationship is increasingly close and care about control disease growing. Ivermectin (IVM) is frequently used because its proven safety. IVM is recommended for the treatment of demodectic scabies and prevention of heartworm in dogs,...

  2. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  3. Company human-animal interaction in the municipality of Paragominas, southeast of ParaInteracao homem-animal de companhia no municipio de Paragominas, sudeste do Para

    Contributor(s):: Santos, R. C. B., Moura, K. B., Sousa e Sousa, E., Oliveira, R. A. de, Soares, B. C., Melo, W. de O.

    Objective of this study was to characterize the creation of companion animals raised in the southeastern region of Para. The study was conducted in the municipality of Paragominas-PA, from June to July 2015. The method used in data collection was the survey with questionnaires containing open...

  4. Trap-Neuter-Return Activities in Urban Stray Cat Colonies in Australia

    Contributor(s):: Kuan Tan, Jacquie Rand, John Morton

    Trap, neuter and return (TNR) describes a non-lethal approach to the control of urban stray cat populations. Currently, in Australia, lethal control is common, with over 85% of cats entering some municipal pounds euthanized. No research has been published describing TNR activities in Australia....

  5. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  6. Effectiveness of a Standardized Equine-Assisted Therapy Program for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Contributor(s):: Borgi, Marta, Loliva, Dafne, Cerino, Stefania, Chiarotti, Flavia, Venerosi, Aldina, Bramini, Maria, Nonnis, Enrico, Marcelli, Marco, Vinti, Claudia, De Santis, Chiara, Bisacco, Francesca, Fagerlie, Monica, Frascarelli, Massimo, Cirulli, Francesca

  7. How does cat behaviour influence the development and implementation of monitoring techniques and lethal control methods for feral cats?

    Contributor(s):: Fisher, P., Algar, D., Murphy, E., Johnston, M., Eason, C.

    The need for lethal control of feral cats will remain in some contexts and potentially increase in others, alongside an obligation to develop and apply methods that are as cost-effective, humane and target-specific as possible. Drawing on practices particularly used in Australia, New Zealand and...

  8. A review of population control methods in captive-housed primates

    Contributor(s):: Wallace, P. Y., Asa, C. S., Agnew, M., Cheyne, S. M.

    The success of breeding primates in captivity has led to a surplus number of animals in collections. This review examines published journals and key books to investigate the various methods of primate population control. Hormonal, surgical and separation methods are discussed and evaluated with...

  9. On the Respectful Use of Animals

    Contributor(s):: Garthoff, J. O. N.

  10. The progress in nutrition research of musk deer: implication for conservation

    Contributor(s):: Wang, WenXia, Zhou, Ran, He, Lan, Liu, ShuQiang, Zhou, JunTong, Qi, Lei, Li, LinHai, Hu, DeFu

    Musk deer ( Moschus spp.) are small forest ungulates that are unique to Asia and are mainly distributed in China. In the last 30 years, because of indiscriminate trapping, hunting, and killing of the musk deer for musk and the loss of suitable habitat due to deforestation, the distribution and...

  11. The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population

    Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.

    Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although...

  12. Southern Illinois Ticks: An Ecological and Medical Overview

    Contributor(s):: Madeleine A. Pfaff

    Ticks are of concern to southern Illinois residents because they are common in the forested landscapes of the region and have the capability to cause disease in humans and pets. There are several tick-borne illnesses of concern to southern Illinois residents. Prescribed burning is a potential...

  13. Effects of a Program of Adapted Therapeutic Horse-Riding in a Group of Autism Spectrum Disorder Children

    Contributor(s):: García-Gómez, Andrés, Risco, Manuel López, Rubio, Jesús Carlos, Guerrero, Eloisa, García-Peña, Inés Magdalena

    Introduction: The use of horses in therapy has a fairly long history. There are many references to the therapeutic benefits of this activity. Such therapies have been undergoing a boom internationally in recent years. However scientific research into the effective use of this activity in...

  14. Enteric pathogens of dogs and cats with public health implications

    Contributor(s):: Kantere, M., Athanasiou, L. V., Chatzopoulos, D. C., Spyrou, V., Valiakos, G., Kontos, V., Billinis, C.

    Dogs and cats play an important role in modern society, enhancing the psychological and physiological well-being of many people. However, there are well-documented health risks associated with human animal interactions. More specifically, enteric pathogens of zoonotic risk which are transmitted...

  15. A conditioned response overrides social attraction in common carp: a possibility for low stress sorting strongly schooling fish?

    Contributor(s):: Mesquita, F. O., Borcato, F. L., Huntingford, F. A.

    In this study we investigated whether a conditioned response to a light cue can override the strong schooling tendency of common carp, with a view to identifying a possible system for low stress control of movement for captive fish. Carp were trained in groups of three to approach and bite a...

  16. Conditioned taste aversion in the grey fox ( Pseudalopex griseus), in Southern Argentine Patagonia

    Contributor(s):: Nielsen, S., Travaini, A., Vassallo, A. I., Procopio, D., Zapata, S. C.

    Attempts to control cougar ( Puma concolor) and culpeo fox ( Pseudalopex culpaeus) populations in Patagonia through poisoning, negatively affects grey foxes ( Pseudalopex griseus) and many other non-target species. It is therefore advisable to develop selective predator control methods. Among a...

  17. The effect of nursing on the cow-calf bond

    Contributor(s):: Johnsen, J. F., Passille, A. M. de, Mejdell, C. M., Boe, K. E., Grondahl, A. M., Beaver, A., Rushen, J., Weary, D. M.

    Dairy calves are often separated from the cow soon after birth and prevented from nursing, but little is known about the effects of nursing on the development of the cow-calf bond. This study evaluated the effect of nursing on affiliative behaviours between the dam and her calf including...

  18. Reducing hazards for humans from animals: emerging and re-emerging zoonoses

    Contributor(s):: Saegerman, Claude, Dal Pozzo, Fabiana, Humblet, Marie-France

  19. A note on the effect of controlling stable flies ( Stomxys calcitrans ) in the resting activity and pen distribution of dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Vitela, I., Cruz-Vazquez, C., Orihuela, A.

    This study investigated the effect of controlling stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans) on the number of dairy cows lying down and their pen distribution. The study randomly assigned 80 Holstein cows to 1 of 2 groups. The treated group (T) included cows individually sprayed with insecticide when...

  20. Impact of publicly sponsored neutering programs on animal population dynamics at animal shelters: the New Hampshire and Austin experiences

    Contributor(s):: White, S. C., Jefferson, E., Levy, J. K.

    This study found that government-funded surgical sterilization of companion animals has been widely promoted as a means of decreasing shelter intake and euthanasia. However, little information is available about the true impact of these programs on community and shelter nonhuman animal...