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Companion animal economics: the economic impact of companion animals in the UK. Research report
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Contributor(s):: Hall, S., Dolling, L., Bristow, K., Fuller, T., Mills, D.
The aim of this report is to raise awareness of the importance of research concerning the economic impact of companion animals on society. This report was inspired by the seminal Council for Science and Society (CSS) report Companion Animals in Society (1988), and updates and extends its...
This chapter introduces the report, which describes the animal and human health costs and benefits impact of pets in the UK.
Practices and perceptions of animal contact and associated health outcomes in pregnant women and new mothers
Contributor(s):: Weng, HsinYi, Ankrom, K.
Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...
Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species
Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.
This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...
The emotional lives of companion animals: attachment and subjective claims by owners of cats and dogs
Contributor(s):: Martens, P., Enders-Slegers, M. J., Walker, J. K.
There is a growing body of scientific evidence supporting the existence of emotions in nonhuman animals. Companion-animal owners show a strong connection and attachment to their animals and readily assign emotions to them. In this paper we present information on how the attachment level of...
The protective association between pet ownership and depression among street-involved youth: a cross-sectional study
Contributor(s):: Lem, M., Coe, J. B., Haley, D. B., Stone, E., O'Grady, W.
Street-involved youth represent a particularly vulnerable subsection of the homeless population and are at increased risk of health problems, substance abuse, and depression. Qualitative research has demonstrated that animal companions help homeless youth cope with loneliness, are motivators for...
In the water with white sharks ( Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia
Contributor(s):: Apps, K., Dimmock, K., Lloyd, D., Huveneers, C.
White shark ( Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...
Keeper-animal interactions: differences between the behaviour of zoo animals affect stockmanship
Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Melfi, V.
Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...
Cross-sectional study of characteristics of owners and nonowners surrendering cats to four Australian animal shelters
Contributor(s):: Zito, S., Morton, J., Paterson, M., Vankan, D., Bennett, P. C., Rand, J., Phillips, C. J. C.
Unwanted cats surrendered to nonhuman animal shelters are generally categorized as either "owned" or "stray". This classification is misleading because "stray" cats may include many "semiowned" cats, for which people provide care but who are not perceived as being owned. This differentiation is...
Analysis of dog adoption success and failure using surveys with vignettes
Contributor(s):: Hill, S. E., Murphy, N. C.
Adoption success of dogs who serve as companion animals was analyzed via surveys with vignettes. The researchers administered surveys with vignettes to animal shelter employees, veterinarians, and other animal-care professionals in Eastern North Carolina. Logistic and linear regression analyses...
Detection of Verticillium dahliae in olive groves using canine detection units
Contributor(s):: Pons Anglad a, L., Calvo Torras, M. dels A.
Verticillium wilt is one of the most significant agricultural diseases in the world, in view of the fact that not only does it affect olive groves but also a wide variety of fruit, vegetable and ornamental plants. Currently, the most efficient and economical method of control involves the use of...
The Swedish Swan Lady: reaction to an apparent animal hoarding case
Contributor(s):: Svanberg, I., Arluke, A.
This study describes media and judicial reaction to the first publicly acknowledged case of animal hoarding in Sweden-a 60-year-old Swedish woman who purportedly "rescued" 150 swans over several years by bringing many back to her one-room apartment. Reports in the press and social media...
Lost and hound: the more-than-human networks of rural policing
Contributor(s):: Yarwood, R.
The rhetoric of community is widely deployed in rural policing but can be problematic for three main reasons. The idea of community can exclude as well as include; be used as a way of shifting responsibility for policing away from the state and sometimes produces insular, bounded views of...
Population demographic survey and ownership of pet dogs and cats from a small city of southern Brazil
Contributor(s):: Trapp, S. M., Maeda, M. S. C. de F., Kemper, B., Barca Junior, F. A., Freire, R. L., Pretto-Giordano, L. G., Headley, S. A.
This study evaluated the population dynamics and ownerships of dogs and cats from the city of Jaguapita, southern Brazil. The human to dog and cat ratios were 4.6 and 21.5, respectively. Comparatively more dogs ( n=2,460) than cats ( n=571) were within the households and there were significantly...
Guard of animals in charge: population of visionGuarda responsavel de animais: visao da populacao
Contributor(s):: Porto, W. J. N., Andrade, M. R., Mota, R. A.
A study was conducted to determine the knowledge level of responsible animal ownership in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil [date not given]. It was shown that only 24% of respondents knew what constituted responsible pet ownership and care. Some of those who gave examples of proper pet care such as...
Cats abandonment versus adoptionAbandono de gatos versus adocao
Contributor(s):: Pinheiro, A. G., Alves, N. D., Andrade Neto, D., Lima, J. L. A. de, Rodrigues, A. M. B., Silva, F. B.
This study was conducted to determine the pattern and factors affecting of cat abandonment and adoption in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil [date not given]. It was shown that most of the respondents' cats were abandoned prior to being adopted. Other cats were obtained as gifts, purchased or adopted...
Characteristics of hippotherapeutic horses in Poland
Contributor(s):: Pawelec, A., Kubinska, M., Jastrzebska, E., Wejer, J.
This study analysed selected traits of hippotherapeutic horses and the ways of using themin Poland. The studies were carried out with 86 horses from 18 hippotherapy centres. Based on the collected data, it was concluded that, on average, 4.8 horses per centre were used for hippotherapy purposes....