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A pilot study to develop an assessment tool for sheep welfare after long journey transport
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Contributor(s):: Messori, S., Sossidou, E., Buonanno, M., Mounaix, B., Barnard, S., Vousdouka, V., Villa, P. dalla, Roest, K. de, Spoolder, H.
Sheep transport within Europe involves 9.5 million animals yearly, 63% of which travel over long journeys (>8 h). Livestock transport, particularly over long journeys, gives rise to concern about the welfare of transported animals. The European Commission stimulates the development of...
A cross-sectional epidemiological study of prevalence and severity of bit-induced oral trauma in polo ponies and race horses
Contributor(s):: Mata, F., Johnson, C., Bishop, C.
Bit and bridle accessories improperly fitted in ridden horses can cause oral trauma such as bone spurs, commissure ulceration, and tongue lacerations. This study was used to identify, grade, and compare the types of oral traumas commonly found within polo ponies and race horses. Injuries were...
Assessing changes in the UK pet cat and dog populations: numbers and household ownership
Contributor(s):: Murray, J. K., Gruffydd-Jones, T. J., Roberts, M. A., Browne, W. J.
The main aim of this study was to replicate methodology used to estimate the size of the UK pet cat and dog populations in 2006 and the proportion of households owning cats/dogs in 2007, to produce updated data to compare trends in ownership and population sizes. A cross-sectional study design...
Challenges of managing animals in disasters in the U.S
Contributor(s):: Heath, S. E., Linnabary, R. D.
Common to many of the repeated issues surrounding animals in disasters in the U.S. is a pre-existing weak animal health infrastructure that is under constant pressure resulting from pet overpopulation. Unless this root cause is addressed, communities remain vulnerable to similar issues with...
Citizen attitudes to farm animals in Finland: a population-based study
Contributor(s):: Kupsala, S., Vinnari, M., Jokinen, P., Rasanen, P.
Citizen attitudes and opinions form an important driving force for improvements in the ethical status of farm animals in society. Hence, it is important to understand how attitudes to farm animals vary in society and what factors, mechanisms and social processes influence the development of...
Ethical issues concerning the public viewing of media broadcasts of animal cruelty
Contributor(s):: Tiplady, C. M., Walsh, D. B., Phillips, C. J. C.
Undercover filming is a method commonly used by animal activist groups to expose animal cruelty and it is important to consider the effects of publically releasing video footage of cruel practices on the viewers' mental health. Previously, we reported that members of the Australian public were...
Of cows and women: gendered human-animal relationships in Finnish agriculture
Contributor(s):: Kaarlenkaski, T.
In the Nordic countries, the tending of cattle was regarded as women's work in agrarian culture. This was also the case in Finland, where the gendered division of labor on farms was fairly strict until the mid-20th century. The purpose of this article is to discuss the gendered representations...
Oxytocin responses after dog and cat interactions depend on pet ownership and may affect interpersonal trust
Contributor(s):: Curry, B. A., Donaldson, B., Vercoe, M., Filippo, M., Zaka, P. J.
Although many of us interact daily with animals, we have lit t le understanding of how this affects our interactions with people. This study assessed the physiological effects of human-animal interactions and tested if this affected interpersonal trust. Participants (N=141) were assigned to play...
Public knowledge and perception of toads and frogs in three areas of subtropical Southeast China
Contributor(s):: Jimenez, J. N., Lindemann-Matthies, P.
This study investigated people's perceptions and knowledge of toads and frogs in three areas of Southeast China: rural Gutian Shan, semi-rural Xin Gan Shan, and the city of Quzhou. In 2010, 672 randomly selected laypersons (between eight and 80 years old) were interviewed with the help of a...
The impact of an equine facilitated learning program on youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Contributor(s):: Erdman, P., Miller, D., Jacobson, S.
The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of an equine facilitated learning program on youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) who were paired with typically developing peers. Even though there has been an increasing interest in the field of animal assisted interventions and the...
Animal activism and the zoo-networked nation
Contributor(s):: Vandersommers, D.
Contributor(s):: Probyn-Rapsey, F.
The captive imagination: inhumanity, animality, and Matthew Barney's Cremaster 2
Contributor(s):: Sharma, D.
A survey of canine heartworm awareness in Grenada, West Indies
Contributor(s):: Lohmann, S., Sage, S., Stone, D., Gibson, K.
Heartworm is a common parasite of dogs in Grenada, West Indies, due to the tropical climate and large number of mosquitoes. Because Grenada is a developing country and a small island, resources and education on heartworm are limited. In an effort to raise awareness of canine heartworm and the...
A survey of companion-animal owners affected by the East Japan Great Earthquake in Iwate and Fukushima Prefectures, Japan
Contributor(s):: Yamazaki, S.
The unprecedented East Japan Great Earthquake in March 2011 impacted many humans as well as animals. To date, only national surveys that do not necessarily focus on the heavily impacted areas have been administered, and there is a lack of data on the situation for companion animals and their...
Camels in the front line
Contributor(s):: Bartosiewicz, L.
This paper is a short comment on the historical perception of camels in Europe with special regard to Ottoman Turkish occupation in the Carpathian Basin. Regardless of their varied functions ranging from tokens of royal selfrepresentation to mundane beasts of burden or war machinery, these...
Local insects as flagship species to promote nature conservation? A survey among primary school children on their attitudes toward invertebrates
Contributor(s):: Schlegel, J., Breuer, G., Rupf, R.
Flagship species play an important role in promoting nature conservation. However, although the significance of invertebrates in biodiversity and ecosystem services is undisputed, they are rarely used as flagship species. A focused approach to better understand the drivers of differences in...
Public knowledge of, and attitudes to, frogs in Colombia
People's response to the decline of biodiversity and their support for conservation measures depends on their knowledge of biodiversity and their attitudes to local species. This study is one of the first to investigate public knowledge of, and attitudes to, frogs in South America. We chose two...
Stress assessment in small ruminants kept on city farms in Southern Germany
Contributor(s):: Schilling, A. K., Reese, S., Palme, R., Erhard, M., Wohr, A. C.
Sheep and goats are frequently used in nonhuman animal-assisted activities on city farms. There are few data available on this type of usage of small ruminants. Health evaluations, behavioral observations (feeding, resting, comfort, explorative and social behaviors), behavioral tests (human...
The camel remains from site HD-6 (Ra's al-Hadd, Sultanate of Oman): an opportunity for a critical review of dromedary findings in eastern Arabia
Contributor(s):: Curci, A., Carletti, M., Tosi, M.
Bone remains of camel ( Camelus dromedarius) have been found in several sites of south-eastern Arabia, dating from the Late Holocene period to the Bronze Age, and generally attributed to wild animals. The new camel finds from the Early Bronze Age site of Ra's al-Hadd (HD-6) - dated with...