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Brazilian Citizens: Expectations Regarding Dairy Cattle Welfare and Awareness of Contentious Practices
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Contributor(s):: Clarissa S. Cardoso, Marina A.G. von Keyserlingk, Marie Jose Hotzel
The primary aim of this study was to explore attitudes of urban Brazilian citizens about dairy production. A secondary aim was to determine their knowledge and attitudes about four potentially contentious routine dairy cattle management practices: early cow-calf separation; zero-grazing; culling...
A Parental Perspective: The Role of Companion Animals for Children During Separation and Divorce
Contributor(s):: Jessica Michel
Children grow up in interdependent family systems, where transitions affect all members. A prevalent transition in Australian families is divorce. When divorce occurs children are exposed to significant risk factors that have the potential of affecting many developmental outcomes. However,...
Síndrome de ansiedade de separação em cães
Contributor(s):: Giulia Bampi
Atualmente é crescente o número de animais de companhia acometidos pela síndorme de ansiedade de separação (SAS), condição relacionada a distúrbios no vínculo humano-animal que levam a uma hipervinculação...
“Not just a dog”: An attachment perspective on relationships with assistance dogs
Contributor(s):: Kwong, Marilyn, Bartholomew, Kim
We explored individuals' relationships with an assistance dog from an attachment-theory perspective. We used both inductive and deductive thematic methods to analyze semi-structured interviews with 25 participants who had lost an assistance dog to retirement or death. Analyses revealed...
The death of a pet: implications for loss and bereavement across the lifespan
Contributor(s):: Podrazik, Donna, Shackford, Shane, Becker, Louis, Heckert, Troy
Loss: Divorce, Separation, and Bereavement
Contributor(s):: Snyder, Jamie
Effects of early separation on the dairy cow and calf 1. Separation at 6 h, 1 day and 4 days after birth
Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Chua, B.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of age of separation on the behavioural responses of the dairy calf and cow. Calves were separated from their dams 6 h, 1 day, or 4 days after birth (n=9 cow-calf pairs in each of the 3 treatment groups) and behaviour was video and audio taped...
Responses of piglets to early separation from the sow
Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Appleby, M. C., Fraser, D.
Two experiments were conducted to examine the effect of age and diet on behavioural responses of piglets to separation from the sow. In experiment 1, the vocalizations of piglets were recorded during short term (10 min) isolation from the sow and litter-mates at 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks of age. From...
Behavioural relationships between Djallonke and Sahellian ewes and their lambs during the first 24 h post-partum
Contributor(s):: Asante, Y. A., Oppong-Anane, K., Awotwi, E. K.
Djallonke, Sahellian crossbred ewes and their lambs were tested to find out their behavioural response to separation and their mutual recognition within the first 24 h post-partum. To determine whether age, sex, birth weight of lambs and parity of dams had an effect on these post-partum...
Plasma cortisol levels of dogs at a county animal shelter
Contributor(s):: Hennessy, M. B., Davis, H. N., Williams, M. T., Mellott, C., Douglas, C. W.
Groups of dogs confined in a shelter for their 1st, 2nd, or 3rd day had higher cortisol levels than a group maintained in the shelter for more than 9 days. Dogs in the shelter for an intermediate period (4-9 days) had intermediate levels of cortisol. The cortisol concentrations of dogs during...
Effects of immediate and early post-partum separation on maintenance of maternal responsiveness in parturient multiparous goats
Contributor(s):: Ramirez, A., Quiles, A., Hevia, M. L., Sotillo, F., Ramirez, M. C.
50 Murcia-Granada goats and their 82 kids were used in this study. Goats were kept away from their kids for 0.5 or 1 h when the separation took place immediately after birth, and for 1, 8 or 24 h when it took place after a 5-min post-partum contact between mother and young. At the end of the...
Response of dairy cows and calves to early separation: effect of calf age and visual and auditory contact after separation. (Special Issue: Early Weaning.)
Contributor(s):: Stehulova, I., Lidfors, L., Spinka, M.
We evaluated how the behavioural and heart rate response of dairy cows and calves to mutual separation was affected by two factors: the age of the calf at separation (1, 4 and 7 days) and the presence or absence of visual and auditory contact between the mother and her calf after separation. In...
Behavioural effects of separating the dairy calf immediately or 4 days post-partum
Contributor(s):: Lidfors, L. M.
Observations were made during 2 h/day sampling sessions on 33 Swedish Red and White and 6 Swedish Friesian cow-calf pairs. They were either kept together during 96 h (treatment T, n = 24) in a calving pen (11 msuperscript 2) or separated immediately p.p. (treatment S, n = 15) with the cow kept...
Implications of breaking mother-young social bonds. (Special Issue: Early Weaning.)
Contributor(s):: Newberry, R. C., Swanson, J. C.
Whereas mammalian mothers and young may retain long-term social affiliations in nature, the management of animals in captivity typically dictates that offspring are abruptly and permanently separated from their mothers at a relatively early age, often prior to the time of natural weaning. For...
Weaning and separation in two steps - a way to decrease stress in dairy calves suckled by foster cows
Contributor(s):: Loberg, J. M., Hernandez, C. E., Thierfelder, T., Jensen, M. B., Berg, C., Lidfors, L.
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the prevention of suckling and the separation from a foster cow in two steps lower the behavioural and physiological stress reaction in calves compared with if the two events occur simultaneously. Twelve groups, each consisting of one cow and four...
Welfare implications of artificial rearing and early weaning in sheep. (Special Issue: Early Weaning.)
Contributor(s):: Napolitano, F., Rosa, G. de, Sevi, A.
Soon after parturition a lasting and mutual ewe-lamb bond is established. However, in an increasing number of intensive sheep farms, lambs are separated from the dam at an early age. When artificial rearing is applied lambs are often kept with mothers for 2 days to allow the ingestion of...
Acute effects of cow-calf separation on heart rate, plasma cortisol and behaviour in multiparous dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Hopster, H., O'Connell, J. M., Blokhuis, H. J.
Removing the calf after bonding may induce acute stress in the dairy cow. The responses of 8 Holstein-Friesian cows were examined immediately after the removal of their calves on the third day after parturition. Blood samples were taken before and after the separation for cortisol analysis....
Maternal deprivation and the development of stereotypic behaviour. (Special Issue: Early Weaning.)
Contributor(s):: Latham, N. R., Mason, G. J.
Many farm, laboratory, zoo and companion animals experience some form of maternal deprivation. This is typically via separation from their mothers earlier than would happen in free-living populations, in some cases even while young are still dependent upon milk. Maternal deprivation may also...
A note on separation from one or more lamb(s) in Merino lines divergently selected for ewe multiple rearing ability
Contributor(s):: Cloete, S. W. P., Scholtz, A. J., Hoope, J. M. T.
During 1993-95, post parturient behaviour was studied in 370 Merino ewes, 2-6 years of age, from 2 lines divergently selected for multiple rearing ability kept at the Elsenburg Development Institute. Since 1986, high line ram and ewe replacements had been selected from dams that reared >1 lamb...