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Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers
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| Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom
Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...
Avian reactions towards human approaches in different urban greenery structures in Nanaimo
| Contributor(s):: Campbell, M.
Urban green spaces are vital for human quality of life and urban avian ecology. In consequence, these areas attract cutting edge research on human/animal relations and the human roles in avian foraging grounds. However, few studies of bird reactions to human presence have included bird adaptation...
Post-communist canine: a feminist approach to women and dogs in canine performance sports in Poland
| Contributor(s):: Wlodarczyk, J.
The article attempts to present the complexity of relationships between women, capitalism, democracy, and competitive dog training in post-communist Poland. The article documents the correlation between increased involvement of women in competitive canine sports in Poland after 1989, changes in...
Walking the thylacine: records of indigenous companion animals in Australian narrative and photographic history
| Contributor(s):: Philip, J., Garden, D.
This report examines the history and significance of indigenous companion animals within traditional Aboriginal society and in early Euro-Australian settlements. Working from historical photographic and anthropological records, the project constructs a visual and written record of these...
Caregiver/orangutan relationships at Auckland Zoo: empathy, friendship, and ethics between species
| Contributor(s):: Palmer, A., Malone, N., Park, J.
Drawing on ethnographic, ethological, and historical data, we examined the relationships between orangutans and caregivers at Auckland Zoo. Caregivers displayed high levels of empathy and adjusted their husbandry routines to their interpretations of the orangutans' moods. Caregivers experienced...
Humanization of the companion animal - human relationship
| Contributor(s):: Fox, R., Gee, N. R.
This paper explores the changing nature of companion animal-human relationships in Britain over the past 30 years. This period has seen rapid change in attitudes and practices towards companion animals, with notable advances in medical treatment, nutrition, and understanding of non-human animal...
Service dogs in the hospital: helpful or harmful? A case report and clinical recommendations
| Contributor(s):: Pellegrino, L. D., Cerimele, J. M., Dubovsky, A. N.
"Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving
| Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.
Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...
Provisioning the ritual neolithic site of Kfar HaHoresh, Israel at the dawn of animal management
| Contributor(s):: Meier, J. S., Goring-Morris, A. N., Munro, N. D.
It is widely agreed that a pivotal shift from wild animal hunting to herd animal management, at least of goats, began in the southern Levant by the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (10,000-9,500 cal. BP) when evidence of ritual activities flourished in the region. As our knowledge of this...
Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries
| Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.
The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...
Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia
| Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.
It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...
Local knowledge held by farmers in Eastern Tyrol (Austria) about the use of plants to maintain and improve animal health and welfare
| Contributor(s):: Vogl, C. R., Vogl-Lukasser, B., Walkenhorst, M.
Background: The sustainable management of animal health and welfare is of increasing importance to consumers and a key topic in the organic farming movement. Few systematic studies have been undertaken investigating farmers' local knowledge related to this issue. Ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM) is...
Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling - comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming
| Contributor(s):: Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.
Cattle handling is a dangerous activity on dairy farms, and cows are a major cause of injuries to livestock handlers. Even if dairy cows are generally tranquil and docile, when situations occur that they perceive or remember as aversive, they may become agitated and hazardous to handle. This...
How do human-animal emotional relationships influence public perceptions of animal use?
| Contributor(s):: Cox, L., Montrose, T.
Human-animal emotional relationships have a complicated interplay with public perceptions of the morality of animal use. Humans may build emotional relationships with companion species. These species are not usually intensively farmed in the United Kingdom, but they may be utilized during animal...
Human-cat relationship in an oceanic biosphere reserve: the case of La Palma Island, Canary archipelago
| Contributor(s):: Medina, F. M., Nogales, M., Farnworth, M. J., Bonnaud, E.
Removal of feral cats from island environments is a useful mechanism by which their ecological impact on endangered species can be reduced or ended. Nevertheless, because cats are anthropogenic in their origins, social perceptions of management practices play a large role in their implementation....
Animal-assisted therapy for youth: a systematic methodological critique
| Contributor(s):: May, D. K., Seivert, N. P., Cano, A., Casey, R. J., Johnson, A.
Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) for youth has the potential to benefit both physical and mental health outcomes. Yet little is known about the extent to which study designs in this area are aligned with established standards of intervention research. This critical review assesses current research...
Face processing of animal and human static stimuli by children with autism spectrum disorder: a pilot study
| Contributor(s):: Grandgeorge, M., Degrez, C., Alavi, Z., Lemonnier, E.
Animals are part of humans' social environment and present numerous benefits. Each partner in a human-animal interaction uses signals emitted by the other (e.g. postures, gestures or gaze directions) to collect information to adjust their behaviour. Face processing impairment is associated with...
Runne-Beana: dog herds ethnographer
| Contributor(s):: Anderson, M.
Saami society in Lapland (now often called Saapmi), particularly the seasonally-nomadic reindeer-breeding sector, is predicated upon mobility and autonomy of its actors. Runne-Beana, a talented reindeer-herding dog, exhibited both mobility and autonomy when allocating to himself a peripatetic...
The development of a canine para-agility program: positive affects in children with autism and in therapy dogs
| Contributor(s):: Pop, D., Rusu, A. S., Miresan, V.
Previous research has demonstrated that both children and dogs might benefit from Animal-Assisted Activities (AAA), with some factors mediating/moderating the results. The present study took these factors into consideration, by creating an AAA program consisting of two types of human-animal...
Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study
| Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.
The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...